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How can I have Postfix use /etc/hosts before doing a DNS lookup?

Posted on 2008-10-01
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Last Modified: 2013-11-10
I have in /etc/hosts:
10.0.0.9  burritos burritos.domain.com

If I ping burritos.domain.com I get 10.0.0.9. I can also telnet burritos 25 and I can deliver mail through mail from, rcpt to, data commands.

I have Postfix configured to deliver mail for @domain.com locally, but it forwards mail for @burritos.domain.com to server burritos.

The problem is Postfix does a DNS lookup regardless. It does not look into /etc/hosts. I don't have an A record for burritos.domain.com because I want it to only receive mail internally. I don't run a DNS server internally (which could obviously fix the problem, but is more complication than I'd like.)

/etc/host.conf says:
order hosts,bind
multi on
nospoof on
spoofalert on

I don't want to disable DNS lookups entirely. I just want for Postfix to check /etc/hosts first. Is that possible?

Thanks!
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Question by:omniumnetworking
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11 Comments
 
LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:omarfarid
ID: 22620011
check /etc/nsswitch.conf and look for a line similar to

hosts:      files dns

which should check /etc/hosts first then dns
0
 
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Expert Comment

by:dathho
ID: 22620012
edit your /etc/nsswitch.conf file

change this line
hosts:      dns nis files

put files first
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Expert Comment

by:dathho
ID: 22620017
omarfarid:  good timing :-)
0
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Expert Comment

by:omarfarid
ID: 22620029
same minute :)
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Expert Comment

by:dathho
ID: 22620120
:) same answer
0
 
LVL 19

Expert Comment

by:bevhost
ID: 22621050
Why not just have the transport table use the IP address instead of a name:
eg:

burritos.domain.com    smtp:[10.0.0.9]

Then you don't need to mess with the name resolution on your machine.
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Author Comment

by:omniumnetworking
ID: 22625391
My /etc/nsswitch.conf already contains:
hosts:          files nis dns

I had checked that too.

I don't have anything on my transport table, so you'd have to be more specific.

Thanks!
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Accepted Solution

by:
bevhost earned 500 total points
ID: 22629885
http://www.postfix.org/transport.5.html

Basically there is a file /etc/postfix/transport which contains a list of domain anmes and where the mail for thos domains should be routed to.  This routing table overrides and DNS settings.

burritos.domain.com    smtp:[10.0.0.9]

The [] brakets around the name tells the smtpd process not to try to look up the MX record for the target.
eg
example.com    smtp:server1.com
means send mail for example.com to the MX record for server1.com
example.com    smtp:[server1.com]
means send mail for example.com to the A record for server.com
example.com    smtp:[1.2.3.4]
means send mail for example.com to server at 1.2.3.4

if you change the transport file you must
# postmap transport
# postfix reload

If you receive mail from external sources and you want to relay to transport destinations then you also need this in your main.cf file

relay_domains = $transport_maps

for the transport file to do anything you need this in your main.cf

transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport

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Expert Comment

by:bevhost
ID: 22629892
on re-reading that I notice a few typos, but you get the idea (I hope)
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Expert Comment

by:bevhost
ID: 22629905
For anyone reading this question who has sendmail instead of postfix,
The transport file is called /etc/mail/mailertable
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