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Best practice, or least administration, to setup SAN for hosting VMs (non bootfroSAN). How many Luns, etc.?

minnefornian
minnefornian asked
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Last Modified: 2013-11-14
HI,

I'm firing up a PROD farm using an LSI array with Brocade FC fabric. VMware, both their engineers and documentation, evade from answering what is a typical setup for supporting 4 hosts (vMotion) and approximately 100 VMs. I don't want to hold anyone's feet to the fire, I just need to know what is typical and the easiest to support. My last position, I supported two SAN environments with three hosts each (no vMotion) and they dedicated a single LUN at 220% (iSCSI Netapps) per VM for snapshots. If VMware has a 128-LUN limitiation, this could pose an issue in fairly short order.

Is 4 LUNs OK? 8? How would I (you) label them and categorize them?

Thanks much,

Carl
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By your comment of a 128 Lun limitation being an issue I can assume you are considering putting each Guest session into it's own unique LUN. I would not do this as your LUN administration would be a horrible task.
VMWare previously recommended an optimal LUN size of 256GB. I don't know if this recommendation has increased but I have luns upto 1TB. This is not an issue at all if your SAN is capable.
I would suggest that standard LUN size of 512GB is very acceptable and flexible. If you using Netapp you do need to keep your snapshot reserve in mind when creating your volumes but what percentage you leave is up to your unique requirements.
Also we ensure each LUN never has less than 50GB or about 10% of available space or you may run the LUN of of space during VCB's or snapshots.
ESX 3.5 update 2 now supports live cloning so long term snapshots are less of a concern.
You mentioned your running over a FC environment, therefore it must be 2Gb or better. Due to the large cluster side of the VMFS your IO is surprisingly low for the workload.
My final word on this would be, Look at your guests, if they have disks which are close to 250GB then use a 512GB LUN if not use a 256GB LUN size.

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Commented:
nicely done. Thanks. I went ahead with my config but this supports all of my choices. Good format, easy to read.

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