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binary string truncated ?

Posted on 2008-10-03
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Last Modified: 2013-12-14
I need to read a 50 byte binary string from a file.
A function is invoked which is only returning a maximum 42 bytes:

method () {
CString      GetString(const CString &src = "");
.... }
What is the problem ?
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Question by:pillmill
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5 Comments
 
LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:jkr
ID: 22638572
If the string is binary, it might contain NULL bytes, which automatically truncate the string at their position. Can you verify that?
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Author Comment

by:pillmill
ID: 22638847
Yes - the truncation occurs when, intermitantly, a 0x0A appears in the string.

In this case, how can the entire string, including the NULL,  be placed into the CString variable ?
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:jkr
ID: 22639439
As stupid as it may sound - don't read a string, but a char array of 51 bytes instead. What is the underlying code?
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LVL 5

Accepted Solution

by:
isprabu earned 500 total points
ID: 22648621
pillmill,
0x0A is newline (LF or line feed) character. Usually, any file or string operations stop reading when they encounter CR or LF.
As jkr has suggested, may be you should switch to reading all the bytes as unsigned char or BYTE. And then, if required, you can also transform/translate these CR or LF characters into \r or \n escape sequences; after the translation, you can store the bytes in a CString and use it further.
Hope this helps!
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LVL 39

Expert Comment

by:itsmeandnobodyelse
ID: 22652220
When reading with MFC classes you should open and read the file like

    CFile file;
    if (!file.Open("file.dat", CFile::typeBinary | CFile::modeRead))
    {
         AfxMessageBox("file.dat cannot be opened for read");
         return;
    }
    unsigned char buffer[50] = { 0 };  // make all zeros
    int count = file.Read(buffer, sizeof(buffer));
    if (count == 0)
    {
          AfxMessageBox("file.dat cannot be read");
         return;
    }  

With that buffer should contain all 50 bytes.
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