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How to tie a combo box entries to a value in the same row with Express Quantum Grid?

I am working with Express Quantum Grid 6 and I want to have the following effect:

I have a table that consists of two (for this example) columns, a Type and a SubType.  The Type is a fixed list of items in a combobox and the subtype is a list of items in a combobox BUT it is based on the Type.  For example Type might be a type of car and subtype might be a color so:

Toyota, Red
Toyota, Blue
Toyota, Green
Ford, Blue
Ford, Red

In this example if you drop down the first column and pick Toyota you would get the options of Red, Blue and Green in the 2nd Subtype dropdown.  However if you picked Ford as the type, the Subtype drowndown would only show Blue and Red as options to pick.  This needs to update dynamically on each row so if I pick a row that already had Ford chosen I could only pick Blue and Red even though the last item I worked on might of had Toyota chosen.
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lgallion
Asked:
lgallion
  • 2
1 Solution
 
Geert GOracle dbaCommented:
Use the onInitEdit of the View

it would off course be easier to write a query and use the filled in fields in the where


procedure TForm1.cxGrid1TableView1InitEdit(Sender: TcxCustomGridTableView;
  AItem: TcxCustomGridTableItem; AEdit: TcxCustomEdit);
var aType, aModel, aColor: string;
begin
  aType := '';
  aModel := '';
  aColor := '';
  with Sender.DataController do
    if (RecordCount > 0) and (FocusedRecordIndex >= 0) then
    begin
      aType := VarToStr(Values[FocusedRecordIndex, colType.Index]);
      aModel := VarToStr(Values[FocusedRecordIndex, colModel.Index]);
      aColor := VarToStr(Values[FocusedRecordIndex, colColor.Index]);
    end;
  with TcxCombobox(AEdit).ActiveProperties.Items do
  begin
    if AItem = colType then
    begin
      Add('Toyota');
      Add('VW');
    end;
    if AItem = colModel then
    begin
      // Query for model of type
      if aType = 'Toyota' then
      begin
        Add('Sedan');
        Add('Cabrio');
        Add('Break');
      end else if aType = 'VW' then
      begin
        Add('Break');
        Add('Cabrio');
      end else
        Add('Please select type first');
    end;
    if AItem = colColor then
    begin
      if aType = 'Toyota' then
      begin
        if aModel = 'Sedan' then
        begin
          Add('Red');
          Add('Green');
        end else if aModel = 'Cabrio' then
        begin
          Add('Blue');
          Add('Green');
        end else if aModel = 'Break' then
        begin
          Add('Red');
        end else
          Add('No color for this type and model');
      end else if aType = 'VW' then
      begin
        if aModel = 'Sedan' then
        begin
          Add('Red');
          Add('Green');
        end else if aModel = 'Cabrio' then
        begin
          Add('Blue');
          Add('Green');
        end else if aModel = 'Break' then
        begin
          Add('Red');
        end else
          Add('No color for this type and model');
      end else
        Add('Please select type and model first');
    end;
  end;
end;

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Geert GOracle dbaCommented:
don't forget to set dcoImmediatePost on the View.DataController.Options
and on the options of the Combobox columns

if you want it from a query


procedure TForm1.AddValues(aType, aModel, aColor: string; aCombo: Integer; List: TStrings);
var Qry: TQuery;
  aField: string;
begin
  List.Clear;
  case aCombo of 
    1: aField := 'CARTYPE';
    2: aField := 'MODEL';
    3: aField := 'COLOR';
  else 
    aField := '';
  end;
  if aField <> '' then 
  begin
    Qry := TQuery.Create(Self);
    try
      Qry.SQL.Text := 
        'SELECT NUMBERPLATE, CARTYPE, MODEL, COLOR FROM CARS '+
        'WHERE (CARTYPE = :CARTYPE or :CARTYPE IS NULL)      '+
        '  AND (MODEL = :MODEL OR :MODEL IS NULL)            '+
        '  AND (COLOR = :COLOR OR :COLOR IS NULL)            ';
      Qry.Prepare;
      Qry.ParamByName('CARTYPE').Value := Null;
      Qry.ParamByName('MODEL').Value := Null;
      Qry.ParamByName('COLOR').Value := Null;
      if aType <> '' then 
        Qry.ParamByName('CARTYPE').AsString := aType;
      if aModel <> '' then 
        Qry.ParamByName('MODEL').AsString := aModel;
      if aColor <> '' then 
        Qry.ParamByName('COLOR').AsString := aColor;
      Qry.Open;
      while Qry.Eof do 
      begin
        if List.IndexOf(Qry.FieldByName(aField).AsString) = -1 then 
          List.Add(Qry.FieldByName(aField).AsString);
        Qry.Next;
      end;
    finally
      Qry.Free;
    end;
  end;
end;
 
procedure TForm1.cxGrid1TableView1InitEdit(Sender: TcxCustomGridTableView;
  AItem: TcxCustomGridTableItem; AEdit: TcxCustomEdit);
var aType, aModel, aColor: string;
  aCombo: integer;
begin
  aType := '';
  aModel := '';
  aColor := '';
  with Sender.DataController do
    if (RecordCount > 0) and (FocusedRecordIndex >= 0) then
    begin
      aType := VarToStr(Values[FocusedRecordIndex, colType.Index]);
      aModel := VarToStr(Values[FocusedRecordIndex, colModel.Index]);
      aColor := VarToStr(Values[FocusedRecordIndex, colColor.Index]);
    end;
  aCombo := 0;
  if aItem = colType then 
    aCombo := 1
  else if aItem = colModel then 
    aCombo := 2
  else if aItem = colColor then 
    aCombo := 3;
  AddValues(aType, aModel, aColor, aCombo, TcxCombobox(AEdit).ActiveProperties.Items);
end;

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lgallionAuthor Commented:
Thanks for you quick and complete answer :-)
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