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# TEXT Month and Year to DATE Month and Year

Posted on 2008-10-09
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I've got two separate text values that each represent a Month and Year.  I need to compare these text values to a true date/time value stored in a table.

TextValue1='2006'
TextValue2='1'
TableValue: 2005-11-28 00:00:00

As for the compare I'm doing, I need to find all records where (TextValues <= TableValue).  Any advice is appreciated.
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Question by:jobprojn
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LVL 39

Expert Comment

You can use the SQL year() and month() functions.

they will return the month and year of a date value.
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LVL 39

Expert Comment

so:

select * from YourTable
where year(YourDatefield) <= 2006
and month(YourDateField) <= 1
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LVL 39

Expert Comment

Realize that 2005-11-28 won't be less in that way.  You would be best to pass in an actual date value for comparison.

OR:

where year(YourDatefield) <= 2006
or (year(YourDatefield) < 2006
and month(YourDateField) <= 1)
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LVL 24

Accepted Solution

DBAduck - Ben Miller earned 125 total points
You could also create a date and then use it to compare.

DECLARE @varToCompare datetime
SELECT @varToCompare = CONVERT(datetime, TextValue2 + '/1/' + TextValue1)

SELECT blah
FROM table1
WHERE @varToCompare <= YourDate
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Author Comment

The month() function returns an error message when used against a text string.  For example:

month(10) = "syntax error converting datetime from character string".
month(CAST('10' AS Int)) = returns value of 1, should return 10, but it comes out as 1

Then once the text values are converted to year() and month() they still have to be converted into a real date/time so that they can be compared against the datetime value in the system, right?
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LVL 24

Expert Comment

Well, the month() and year() functions are meant to be used on a complete date.

So you would use Month() against the TableValue (  Month(TableValue) ) not a string.  And the same is with the year.

when doing date stuff, you should use date to date in my example.
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Author Closing Comment

Thanks dbaduck. I will use this solution, only will have to add a dateadd function to add one month to text value 2.  This way when I do the compare of <= days that are greater than the first of the month.  Good Day.
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Author Comment

Will use dbaduck's solution, but need to add the dateadd function to tack on one full month to allow for accurate <= compares.
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LVL 39

Expert Comment

If you want to to include the month prompted for, then do < on the dateadd(m,1...) and not <=.  Reason being that if BY CHANCE a record is recorded for the first day of the month at midnight (Nov-1-2008 12am) then it would be included in <= but not <.
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