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Write trigger using .NET framework language VB.NET using clr integration

Posted on 2008-10-10
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Last Modified: 2011-10-19
Could anyoine give me a sample trigger or stored procedure for this?

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Question by:caoimhincryan
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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you cannot write a trigger with clr integration.
you can write a procedure with clr integration, and use that in the trigger.

why do you want to do this?
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by:caoimhincryan
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In one my tables, when there is an insert, i want to run an exe of mine.

Are you sayint to write the procedure and then use the trigger to call this?
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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>Are you sayint to write the procedure and then use the trigger to call this?
it depends.

>In one my tables, when there is an insert, i want to run an exe of mine.
must that be "immediately"?
usually, I prefer to create a unscheduled sql agent job that starts the .exe, and let the trigger just start that job.
that will be much faster for the end user...

if you need to pass some arguments to the .exe, it might be needed to create the job "on-the-fly", and mark the job also as auto-delete after completion...
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by:caoimhincryan
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>In one my tables, when there is an insert, i want to run an exe of mine.
must that be "immediately"?
usually, I prefer to create a unscheduled sql agent job that starts the .exe, and let the trigger just start that job.
that will be much faster for the end user...

I like that idea. It needs to be immediately. Could you tell me how to set up an unscheduled sql agent job??
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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>Could you tell me how to set up an unscheduled sql agent job??
just create the sql agent job with no schedules.

then, in your trigger, use sp_start_job stored procedure (in msdb database) to start the job
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by:caoimhincryan
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Creating a job is new to me. Would you have the steps? my exe would be

C:\Program Files\Default Company Name\test\HelloWorld.exe

Thanks.
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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ms has an document dedicated to that task:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms186273.aspx
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by:caoimhincryan
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I followed this:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms190264.aspx

Is that the right one to follow when trying to execute an exe.

However i got an error saying:

[136] Job StartApp reported: The process could not be created for step 1 of job 0x670D1E74FD7CA646A6F79522CE7ED325 (reason: The system cannot find the file specified)
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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can you show the screenshot of the job step?
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by:caoimhincryan
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Here it is:
Capture.JPG
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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is that file in that path on the sql server box?
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by:caoimhincryan
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It is yes. Im running it locally on my machine.

The exe is on my machine.
SQL server is on my machine.
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by:caoimhincryan
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A weird thing to notice is that when i run the job..it says its executing job....

Then if i go into my task manage, i can see receive.exe in the processes but no form has opened up. The username of that process is SYSTEM. Would that have anything to do with it?
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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running a job should NOT show a form. it is assumed to be a async process, so what likely happens is that your .exe has some problems, and pops up with a error message (which nobody can see).
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by:caoimhincryan
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I mean my exe should open a form.when i double click the exe in windows exploer, it opens fine.
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3] earned 500 total points
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>I mean my exe should open a form
started from a service, it won't, as the services are started even before you logged in, so they have their own "desktop".
you won't see the form.

note: you migth try to set the sql server agent service to "allow this service to interact with the desktop" ..
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by:caoimhincryan
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When i change the exe path to:
C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplorer.exe

I'm still getting the same error.
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by:caoimhincryan
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>note: you migth try to set the sql server agent service to "allow this service to interact with the desktop" ..
How do i do that?
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by:caoimhincryan
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got it..sorry. should have opened my eyes.
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by:caoimhincryan
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I did that and am using the path:

C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe

It open internet explorer but how come in the status it says it is still executing and status wont change to success until i close internet explorer.
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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>It open internet explorer but how come in the status it says it is still executing and status wont change to success until i close internet explorer.

that is by design. the sql job will wait for the application exit, to fetch the exit code, to know if the step should be considered successful or not.
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by:caoimhincryan
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okay..It works for my exe as well. One more thing..How do i call this job from a trigger? Whats the code?
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by:caoimhincryan
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here is my current trigger..
set ANSI_NULLS ON

set QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON

GO

-- =============================================

-- Author:		<Author,,Name>

-- Create date: <Create Date,,>

-- Description:	<Description,,>

-- =============================================

ALTER TRIGGER [dbo].[InsertAlertType]

ON [dbo].[AlertTypes]

AFTER INSERT, UPDATE

AS

BEGIN
 
 

DECLARE @col2 INT

DECLARE @cmd VARCHAR(2000)
 
 

set @col2 = (SELECT AlertType FROM inserted)
 
 

IF @col2 = 3
 

--       What do i insert here
 

END

Open in new window

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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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as I indicated,you use sp_start_job stored procedure:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms186757.aspx


EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_start_job N'your_job_name' ;

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by:caoimhincryan
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Thats great angellIII.

One thing..I cant seem to get the below command prompt to go away. it comes up as minimised. When i close it, it keeps opening back up.
Capture.JPG
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Expert Comment

by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
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hehe ... that's the "interact with the desktop" setting :)
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Author Comment

by:caoimhincryan
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Is there any way of hiding it do you know? If not, it shouldnt be a problem.

Thanks so much for your help. Cant be greatful enough.
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Author Closing Comment

by:caoimhincryan
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Thank you so much and Congrats on reaching your new status level!
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