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Problem with Export to Excel in PHP

Posted on 2008-10-11
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Medium Priority
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2,180 Views
Last Modified: 2013-12-13
I am having trouble with how the excel file looks once it gets exported. The exported excel file displays all the content in a single cell. In other words, all of the columns and rows in the MySQL table I am exporting just get dumped into a single excel cell. It seems that the "\t" and "\n" characters are simply being ignored during export. I am attaching the code I am using to generate the export. What am I doing wrong?
<?php
// Start output buffering.
ob_start();
// Initialize a session.
session_start();
?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>Transitions Survey Database Export Page</title>
</head>
<body>
<?php 
if (isset($_SESSION['adminid'])) {
 
       // Connect to the database.
	
	$select = "SELECT * FROM reginfo";
	
	$export = mysql_query ( $select ) or die ( "Sql error : " . mysql_error( ) );
	
	$fields = mysql_num_fields ( $export );
	
	for ( $i = 0; $i < $fields; $i++ )
	{
		$header .= mysql_field_name( $export , $i ) . "\t";
	}
	
	while( $row = mysql_fetch_row( $export ) )
	{
		$line = '';
		foreach( $row as $value )
		{                                            
			if ( ( !isset( $value ) ) || ( $value == "" ) )
			{
				$value = "\t";
			}
			else
			{
				$value = str_replace( '"' , '""' , $value );
				$value = '"' . $value . '"' . "\t";
			}
			$line .= $value;
		}
		$data .= trim( $line ) . "\n";
	}
	$data = str_replace( "\r" , "" , $data );
	
	if ( $data == "" )
	{
		$data = "\n(0) Records Found!\n";                        
	}
	
	header("Content-type: application/octet-stream");
	header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=survey_results.xls");
	header("Pragma: no-cache");
	header("Expires: 0");
	print "$header\n$data";
 
} else {
	echo "You are not authorized to view this page.";
}
?>
</body>
</html>
<?php // Flush the buffered output.
ob_flush();
?>

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Question by:Liquid_Inc
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8 Comments
 
LVL 2

Assisted Solution

by:shellghost
shellghost earned 800 total points
ID: 22695739
Not sure if this will help, but in my experience, when I want to export something to "Excel" I have had the best luck generating comma delimited values and writing to a .csv file.  If configured to do so (by default it is), Excel will open a .cdv file and you can go from there.  I don't know what to do about the \t and \n problem.  Hope that helps!
0
 
LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:jazzIIIlove
ID: 22695967
I had done this before...But now, i am trying on your code and for 15 minutes, i got the same problem of yours...
<?php
// Start output buffering.
ob_start();
// Initialize a session.
session_start();
?>
 
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>Transitions Survey Database Export Page</title>
</head>
<body>
<?php 
$_SESSION['adminid'] = "baran";
if (isset($_SESSION['adminid'])) {
 
       // Connect to the database.
    $dbConnLink = mysql_connect("localhost", "root", "root");   
    mysql_select_db(alumni, $dbConnLink);  
    $select = "SELECT * FROM alumni_year";
    
    $export = mysql_query ( $select ) or die ( "Sql error : " . mysql_error( ) );
    
                             $header = "First Field" . "\t". "Second Field" .  "\r\n";                            
                        while ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($export)) {                            
                            $data .= $row['ID'] . "\t" . $row['year'] .  "\r\n";
                        }
header("Content-type: application/octet-stream");
header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=searchresults.xls");
header("Pragma: no-cache");
header("Expires: 0");
echo $header."\n".$data;
 
} else {
    echo "You are not authorized to view this page.";
}
 
 
 
?>
</body>
</html>

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LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:jazzIIIlove
ID: 22695970
I will find it...
0
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LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:jazzIIIlove
ID: 22695995
damn...i had done that before...OK...I am doing it with PEAR!
0
 
LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:jazzIIIlove
ID: 22696102
Yes, i did it with PEAR...

google for PEAR classes to include if you don't have one...

If you can't find, i will send it to you!
dummy.php:
<?
  echo "<p><a href='./sql2excel.php'>Generate XLS file</a></p>";
?>
*************************
 
<?php
// Start output buffering.
    include_once "./Spreadsheet/Excel/Writer.php";
// Initialize a session.
session_start();
?>
 
<html>
<head> Yeah! </head>
<body>
<?php 
$_SESSION['adminid'] = "baran";
if (isset($_SESSION['adminid'])) {
 
       // Connect to the database.
    $dbConnLink = mysql_connect("localhost", "root", "root");   
    mysql_select_db(alumni, $dbConnLink);  
    $select = "SELECT * FROM alumni_year";
    
    $export = mysql_query ($select);
    /*
    $xls =& new Spreadsheet_Excel_Writer("aaa.xls");
    $xls->send("test.xls");
    $format =& $xls->addFormat();
    $format->setBold();
    $format->setColor("blue");
    $sheet =& $xls->addWorksheet('Test XLS');
    $sheet->write(0, 0, 1, 0);
    $sheet->write(0, 1, 2, 0);
    $sheet->writeString(1, 0, "XAMPP:", 0);
    $sheet->writeString(1, 1, 12, $format);
    $xls->close();
    
    echo "ok";
    */
    $rowCount = mysql_num_rows($export);
    $xls =& new Spreadsheet_Excel_Writer("fuck.xls");   
    //$xls->send("fucking.xls");
    $format =& $xls->addFormat();
    $format->setBold();
    $format->setColor("blue");
    $sheet =& $xls->addWorksheet('SQL to Fucking XLS');
          $i=0;
while ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($export)){                                                               
    $sheet->write(0, 0, "ID", 0);
    $sheet->write(0, 1, "Year", 0);
    $sheet->writeString($i, 0, $row['ID'] , 0);
    $sheet->writeString($i, 1, $row['year'], $format);
$i++;                
    
}
    
    $xls->close(); 
  
}
 else {
    echo "You are not authorized to view this page.";
}
?>
</body>
</html>

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LVL 12

Accepted Solution

by:
jazzIIIlove earned 1200 total points
ID: 22696117
<<I am attaching the code I am using to generate the export. What am I doing wrong?

Nothing wrong, you have done...I really tried everything i can on your code but i cannot do with your way, but PEAR way...If you want, you can extract the functions from PEAR and use them as your need...
dummy.php:
<?
  echo "<p><a href='./sql2excel.php'>Generate XLS file</a></p>";
?>
*************************
 
<?php
// Start output buffering.
    include_once "./Spreadsheet/Excel/Writer.php";
// Initialize a session.
session_start();
?>
 
<html>
<head> Yeah! </head>
<body>
<?php 
$_SESSION['adminid'] = "baran";
if (isset($_SESSION['adminid'])) {
 
       // Connect to the database.
    $dbConnLink = mysql_connect("localhost", "root", "root");   
    mysql_select_db(alumni, $dbConnLink);  
    $select = "SELECT * FROM alumni_year";
    
    $export = mysql_query ($select);
    /*
    $xls =& new Spreadsheet_Excel_Writer("aaa.xls");
    $xls->send("test.xls");
    $format =& $xls->addFormat();
    $format->setBold();
    $format->setColor("blue");
    $sheet =& $xls->addWorksheet('Test XLS');
    $sheet->write(0, 0, 1, 0);
    $sheet->write(0, 1, 2, 0);
    $sheet->writeString(1, 0, "XAMPP:", 0);
    $sheet->writeString(1, 1, 12, $format);
    $xls->close();
    
    echo "ok";
    */
    $rowCount = mysql_num_rows($export);
    $xls =& new Spreadsheet_Excel_Writer("fuck.xls");   
    //$xls->send("fucking.xls");
    $format =& $xls->addFormat();
    $format->setBold();
    $format->setColor("blue");
    $sheet =& $xls->addWorksheet('SQL to Fucking XLS');
          $i=0;
while ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($export)){                                                               
    $sheet->write(0, 0, "ID", 0);
    $sheet->write(0, 1, "Year", 0);
    $sheet->writeString($i, 0, $row['ID'] , 0);
    $sheet->writeString($i, 1, $row['year'], $format);
$i++;                
    
}
    
    $xls->close(); 
  
}
 else {
    echo "You are not authorized to view this page.";
}
?>
</body>
</html>

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LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:wktang83
ID: 22696641
I scanned through your code once. I don't know what went wrong, but try to look at my working code below. This should give you some idea what to modify in order to make it working.
$csv_output = 'Last Name, First Name, User Name, Professor, Score, Submitted, ';
    $num_questions = getTotalQuestions();
    for ($i = 0; $i < $num_questions; $i++)
    {
        $csv_output .= ($i+1);
        if ($i != $num_questions - 1)
        {
            $csv_output .= ',';
        }
    }
    $csv_output .= "\015\012";
    $result = mysql_query("select * from students"); 
 
    while($row = mysql_fetch_array($result)) { 
        $csv_output .= "$row[last_name],$row[first_name],$row[user_name],".getProfLastName($row[prof_id]).",$row[score],$row[last_submitted],$row[answers]";
        $csv_output .="\015\012";
    }
 
    header("Content-type: application/vnd.ms-excel");
    header("Content-disposition: csv; filename= Student_Data_". date("Y-m-d") . ".csv");
    print $csv_output;
    exit;

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Author Closing Comment

by:Liquid_Inc
ID: 31505377
Thank you! I finally have a working export to excel page :)
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