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How do I create a random selection from a database?

Posted on 2008-10-12
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Last Modified: 2012-05-05
I'm creating a Jeopardy style game. I've pulled all the categories from the database into a datatable, but what I would like to do is randomize the categories so the same ones are not displayed everytime a game is started but I'm not sure how to go about it. I believe I would also need to change the flag in datatable from 'N' for no it hasn't all ready been used to 'Y' it has so the category is not selected in the random selection.
~TIA
Public Function GetCategories() As DataTable
        Dim cn As New OleDb.OleDbConnection(m_sCN) 'new connection
        Dim dt As New DataTable
        Dim sSQL As String = "Select * from tblCategory where Used = 'N'"
        Dim cmd As New OleDb.OleDbCommand(sSQL, cn)
        'get data
        Try
            cn.Open()
            dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader)
            GetCategories = dt
            cmd.Dispose()
            cn.Close()
            cn.Dispose()
        Catch ex As Exception
            Throw ex
        End Try
    End Function
 
    Public Function GetQuestion() As DataTable
        Dim cn As New OleDb.OleDbConnection(m_sCN) 'new connection
        Dim dt As New DataTable
        Dim sSQL As String = "Select * from tblQuestion"
        Dim cmd As New OleDb.OleDbCommand(sSQL, cn)
        'get data
        Try
            cn.Open()
            dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader)
            GetQuestion = dt
            cmd.Dispose()
            cn.Close()
            cn.Dispose()
        Catch ex As Exception
            Throw ex
        End Try
    End Function
 
Private Sub frmBoard_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
        Dim oBoard As New ClsBoard
        Dim dtCategories As New DataTable
       dtCategories = oBoard.GetCategories
        txtCat1.Text = dtCategories.Rows(0).Item(1)
        txtCat2.Text = dtCategories.Rows(1).Item(1)
        txtCat3.Text = dtCategories.Rows(2).Item(1)
        txtCat4.Text = dtCategories.Rows(3).Item(1)
        txtCat5.Text = dtCategories.Rows(4).Item(1)
        txtCat6.Text = dtCategories.Rows(5).Item(1)
 
Private Sub btnCol1_click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles btn1200.Click, btn1400.Click, btn1600.Click, btn1800.Click, btn11000.Click
 
        m_sender = Strings.Right(sender.tag, 1)
        icolumn = Strings.Left(sender.tag, 1) - 1
        irow = Strings.Right(sender.tag, 1) - 1
 
        'hook up array
        Dim frmQ As New frmQuestion
        vwQuestion.RowFilter = "CategoryID = '" & CStr(m_Categories.Rows(icolumn).Item("CategoryID")).Replace("'", "\'") & "'"
        frmQ.Question = vwQuestion.ToTable.Rows(irow).Item(2)
        frmQ.Answer1 = vwQuestion.ToTable.Rows(irow).Item(3)
        frmQ.Answer2 = vwQuestion.ToTable.Rows(irow).Item(4)
        frmQ.Answer3 = vwQuestion.ToTable.Rows(irow).Item(5)
        frmQ.Answer4 = vwQuestion.ToTable.Rows(irow).Item(6)
        frmQ.CorrectAnswer = vwQuestion.ToTable.Rows(irow).Item(7)
'Sorry for the lengthy code

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Question by:98fatboyrider
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2 Comments
 
LVL 13

Accepted Solution

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TechTiger007 earned 500 total points
ID: 22698379
Fill your datatable with rows from database for questions which are not asked
Create a dataview over this datatable with filter condition as "N"

Random obj = new Random();
DataRow question = dv.Rows[obj.Next(dv.Rows.Count)];
question["status"] = "Y"

update the datatable back to database


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LVL 23

Expert Comment

by:Tony McCreath
ID: 22701967
If you want to get a single random question from the database the syntax may vary depending the database. This should work for mySql

Select * from tblQuestion order by rand() limit 1
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