Blue screen on boot up

Hi,

I am attempting to fix my friends computer which has windows XP installed on it. When it boots up it goes to the windows xp loading screen and just when you think windows is going to load you get a blue screen with some text and it re-starts. This is a constant loop and the same thing happens in all of the safe mode options. I cannot identify any of the text on the blue screen as it flashes up so quickly.

I tested the graphics card, memory, cd-rom, sound card and it is none of those so I am wondering if it is the hard drive? Any advice ... I'm guessing I should just try and re-install windows?
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Eternal_StudentAsked:
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nobusConnect With a Mentor Commented:
try a windows repair install : http://www.michaelstevenstech.com/XPrepairinstall.htm      
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houssam_balloutCommented:
try to repair it before.
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Eternal_StudentAuthor Commented:
Repair it? How do you mean?
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nobusCommented:
you can also boot to safe mode, and select last known good.
look also for minidumps, they can point you to the problem
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Eternal_StudentAuthor Commented:
Last known good doesn't work, I still get the blue screen.
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nobusCommented:
no minidumps?
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LeeTutorConnect With a Mentor retiredCommented:
It might be helpful to know what STOP error that blue screen is caused by.  You can turn off the automatic reboot on error option without even getting into Windows if you can get into what is called the Advanced Options Menu:  as your computer boots up (before you get to the Windows logo), keep pressing and releasing the F8 function key (don't just hold it down as you are likely to get a "stuck key error" from the BIOS).  Then, when that menu comes up, choose the option called "Disable automatic restart on system failure".
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Eternal_StudentAuthor Commented:
@ nobus ... What is a minidump?

OK I will try that Lee ^ and what if I do disable the automatic restart on system failure, what then?

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LeeTutorretiredCommented:
Then your pc will halt on that blue screen of death, and it will display a message that you can read with possibly helpful information.  (Although usually the info is not very helpful.)  One thing will be a hexadecimal STOP error.  You can go to this page and find some general troubleshooting info on whatever STOP error is displayed:

http://aumha.org/a/stop.htm
Troubleshooting Windows STOP messages
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Eternal_StudentAuthor Commented:
Thanks Lee ... very helpful, I will give it a go this evening.
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Eternal_StudentAuthor Commented:
I managed to see the error and it looks like this:

UNMOUNTABLE_BOOT_VOLUME

0x000000ED (0x812CFE30, 0x00000006, 0x00000000, 0x00000000)
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eXpeLLeD_4RM_heLLConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Boot from an XP CD and at the starting screen press R to enter the recovery console, It will ask you to choose a windows installation and input the admin password, once this is done type in chkdsk /r and ENTER, let it run and post back here on the outcome
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nobusCommented:
it can be your drive is dying; test it with the one you need from :
 http://www.tacktech.com/display.cfm?ttid=287
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vikingitguyConnect With a Mentor Commented:
I think all you will need to do is chkdsk on the hard drive.  I have scene this several times,  and a chkdsk /f/r

   I believe if you boot using your Windows XP install cd,  choose repair install,  and when you get to the dos prompt just type in

chkdsk /f/r


It has corrected the issue on 4 or 5 of the computers I have worked on.  Good Luck
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Eternal_StudentAuthor Commented:
Just ran the chkdsk thing and then restart and it worked!

So what was the problem then ... can someone explain?
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LeeTutorretiredCommented:
This MS article, referenced on the aumha.org page I linked to above gives a plausible explanation, and it also references the solution that was recommended by eXpeLLeD_4RM_heLL:

http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=315403&sd=RMVP
Stop 0x000000ED Error Message When Volume on IDE Drive with Caching Enabled Is Mounted
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Eternal_StudentAuthor Commented:
Thanks for all your help.
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