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Database creation script command line automation

Hello,
  I'm able to script a database (click on db, tasks, generate scripts, etc) no problem.  What I need to be able to do is script the database (and all objects) automatically on a schedule to a file.  I tried to run profiler while I run this via the gui but I wasn't able to see anything useful to see what it's actually doing.  Does anybody know a clever way to make SQL kick out a db script from commnad line?
0
skacore
Asked:
skacore
2 Solutions
 
BrandonGalderisiCommented:
You can call a SQL statement that used the below procedure to generate each table.  You will have to do some looping through the tables.


By default, it will include the database name in the create statement, but that can be removed easily.
set nocount on
use [master]
go
if object_id('[dbo].[sp_ScriptTable]') is not null
     drop procedure [dbo].[sp_ScriptTable]
go
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[sp_ScriptTable]
      @TableName              SYSNAME
     ,@IncludeConstraints     BIT = 1
     ,@IncludeIndexes         BIT = 1
     ,@NewTableName           SYSNAME = NULL
     ,@UseSystemDataTypes     BIT = 0
     ,@CreateStatement        nvarchar(max) = null output
     ,@OutputOnly             bit = 0
     
/*********************************************************
*
*    original author:    Tim Chapman(dew)
*    modified by:        Brandon Galderisi
*    purpose:            Given a table, it outputs the necessary 
*                        SQL to recreate such table.
*
*    last modified:      07-Oct-2008
*
*********************************************************/
AS
set nocount on
 
    DECLARE @MainDefinition TABLE
    (
        FieldValue VARCHAR(1000)
    )
 
    DECLARE @DBName SYSNAME
    DECLARE @ClusteredPK BIT
    DECLARE @TableSchema NVARCHAR(255)
    SET @DBName = DB_NAME(DB_ID())
 
    --//Make sure the table name is the same case.
    SELECT @TableName = name FROM sysobjects WHERE id = OBJECT_ID(@TableName)
        
    DECLARE @ShowFields TABLE
    (
        FieldID INT IDENTITY(1,1),
        DatabaseName VARCHAR(100),
        TableOwner VARCHAR(100),
        TableName VARCHAR(100),
        FieldName VARCHAR(100),
        ColumnPosition INT,
        ColumnDefaultValue VARCHAR(100),
        ColumnDefaultName VARCHAR(100),
        is_System_Named bit,
        IsNullable BIT, 
        DataType VARCHAR(100),
        MaxLength INT,
        NumericPrecision INT,
        NumericScale INT,
        DomainName VARCHAR(100), 
        FieldListingName VARCHAR(110), 
        FieldDefinition CHAR(1),
        IdentityColumn BIT, 
        IdentitySeed INT,
        IdentityIncrement INT, 
        IsCharColumn BIT
    )
 
    DECLARE @HoldingArea TABLE
    (
        FldID SMALLINT IDENTITY(1,1),
        Flds VARCHAR(4000), 
        FldValue CHAR(1) DEFAULT(0)
    )
 
 
    DECLARE @PKObjectID TABLE
    (
        ObjectID INT
    )
 
    DECLARE @Uniques TABLE
    (
        ObjectID INT
    )
 
    DECLARE @HoldingAreaValues TABLE
    (
        FldID SMALLINT IDENTITY(1,1),
        Flds VARCHAR(4000), 
        FldValue CHAR(1) DEFAULT(0)
    )
 
    DECLARE @Definition TABLE
    (
        DefinitionID SMALLINT IDENTITY(1,1),
        FieldValue VARCHAR(200)
    )
 
    INSERT INTO @ShowFields
    (        
        DatabaseName,
        TableOwner,
        TableName,
        FieldName,
        ColumnPosition,
        ColumnDefaultValue,
        ColumnDefaultName,
        is_system_named,
        IsNullable, 
        DataType,
        MaxLength,
        NumericPrecision,
        NumericScale,
        DomainName,
        FieldListingName, 
        FieldDefinition, 
        IdentityColumn,
        IdentitySeed, 
        IdentityIncrement, 
        IsCharColumn
    )
 
    SELECT 
        DB_NAME(), 
        TABLE_SCHEMA,
        TABLE_NAME,
        COLUMN_NAME,
        CAST(ORDINAL_POSITION AS INT),
        COLUMN_DEFAULT,
        dobj.name AS ColumnDefaultName,
        skc.is_system_named,
        CASE WHEN c.IS_NULLABLE = 'YES' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END,
        DATA_TYPE,
        CAST(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH AS INT),
        CAST(NUMERIC_PRECISION AS INT),
        CAST(NUMERIC_SCALE AS INT),
        DOMAIN_NAME,
        COLUMN_NAME + ',',
        '' AS FieldDefinition,
        CASE WHEN ic.object_id IS NULL THEN 0 ELSE 1 END AS IdentityColumn, 
        CAST(ISNULL(ic.seed_value,0) AS INT) AS IdentitySeed, 
        CAST(ISNULL(ic.increment_value,0) AS INT) AS IdentityIncrement, 
        CASE WHEN st.collation_name IS NOT NULL THEN 1 ELSE 0 END AS IsCharColumn
    FROM 
        INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS c
        JOIN sys.columns sc ON  c.TABLE_NAME = OBJECT_NAME(sc.object_id) AND c.COLUMN_NAME = sc.Name
        LEFT JOIN sys.identity_columns ic ON c.TABLE_NAME = OBJECT_NAME(ic.object_id) AND c.COLUMN_NAME = ic.Name
        JOIN sys.types st ON COALESCE(c.DOMAIN_NAME,c.DATA_TYPE) = st.name
        LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.objects dobj ON dobj.object_id = sc.default_object_id AND dobj.type = 'D'
        left outer join sys.default_constraints skc on dobj.object_id = skc.object_id
--
    WHERE c.TABLE_NAME = @TableName
    ORDER BY 
        c.TABLE_NAME, c.ORDINAL_POSITION
 
    SELECT TOP 1 @TableSchema = TableOwner
    FROM @ShowFields
    
    INSERT INTO @HoldingArea (Flds) VALUES('(')
 
    INSERT INTO @Definition(FieldValue)
    VALUES('CREATE TABLE ' + CASE WHEN @NewTableName IS NOT NULL THEN @NewTableName ELSE '['+@DBName + '].[' + @TableSchema + '].[' + @TableName+']' END)
 
    INSERT INTO @Definition(FieldValue)
    VALUES('(')
 
    INSERT INTO @Definition(FieldValue)
        SELECT 
                '['+FieldName + '] ' + 
                                    CASE 
                                        WHEN DomainName IS NOT NULL AND @UseSystemDataTypes = 0 THEN DomainName + CASE WHEN IsNullable = 1 THEN ' NULL ' ELSE ' NOT NULL ' END
                                        ELSE UPPER(DataType) + 
                                            CASE WHEN IsCharColumn = 1 THEN '(' + case maxlength when -1 then 'MAX' else CAST(MaxLength AS VARCHAR(10)) end + ')' ELSE '' END +
                                            CASE WHEN IdentityColumn = 1 THEN ' IDENTITY(' + CAST(IdentitySeed AS VARCHAR(5))+ ',' + CAST(IdentityIncrement AS VARCHAR(5)) + ')' ELSE '' END +
                                            CASE WHEN IsNullable = 1 THEN ' NULL ' ELSE ' NOT NULL ' END +
                                            CASE WHEN ColumnDefaultName IS NOT NULL AND @IncludeConstraints = 1 THEN case is_system_named when 1 then '' else 'CONSTRAINT [' + ColumnDefaultName + '] ' end + 'DEFAULT' + ColumnDefaultValue ELSE '' END
                                    END + 
                                    
                                    CASE WHEN FieldID = (SELECT MAX(FieldID) FROM @ShowFields) THEN '' ELSE ',' END
        FROM    @ShowFields 
 
        IF @IncludeConstraints = 1
        BEGIN
            INSERT INTO @Definition(FieldValue)
            SELECT 
            ',CONSTRAINT ' + case when is_system_named = 1 then '' else '[' + name + '] ' end + 'FOREIGN KEY (' + ParentColumns + ') REFERENCES [' + ReferencedObject + '](' + ReferencedColumns + ')'
            FROM
            (
                SELECT is_system_named,
                ReferencedObject = OBJECT_NAME(fk.referenced_object_id), ParentObject = OBJECT_NAME(parent_object_id),fk.name,
                REVERSE(SUBSTRING(REVERSE((
                SELECT cp.name + ','
                FROM
                sys.foreign_key_columns fkc
                JOIN sys.columns cp ON fkc.parent_object_id = cp.object_id AND fkc.parent_column_id = cp.column_id
                WHERE fkc.constraint_object_id = fk.object_id
                FOR XML PATH('')
                )), 2, 8000)) ParentColumns, 
                REVERSE(SUBSTRING(REVERSE((
                SELECT cr.name + ','
                FROM
                sys.foreign_key_columns fkc
                JOIN sys.columns cr ON fkc.referenced_object_id = cr.object_id AND fkc.referenced_column_id = cr.column_id
                WHERE fkc.constraint_object_id = fk.object_id
                FOR XML PATH('')
                )), 2, 8000)) ReferencedColumns
                FROM sys.foreign_keys fk
            ) a
            WHERE ParentObject = @TableName
 
            INSERT INTO @Definition(FieldValue)
            SELECT', ' + case when is_system_named =1 then '' else  'CONSTRAINT [' + name + '] ' end + 'CHECK ' + definition FROM sys.check_constraints
            WHERE OBJECT_NAME(parent_object_id) = @TableName
        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
        INSERT INTO @PKObjectID(ObjectID)
        SELECT DISTINCT 
            PKObject = cco.object_id
        FROM 
            sys.key_constraints cco
            JOIN sys.index_columns cc ON cco.parent_object_id = cc.object_id AND cco.unique_index_id = cc.index_id
            JOIN sys.indexes i ON cc.object_id = i.object_id AND cc.index_id = i.index_id
        WHERE 
            OBJECT_NAME(parent_object_id) = @TableName    AND    
            i.type = 1 AND 
            is_primary_key = 1
 
        INSERT INTO @Uniques(ObjectID)
        SELECT DISTINCT 
            PKObject = cco.object_id
        FROM 
            sys.key_constraints cco
            JOIN sys.index_columns cc ON cco.parent_object_id = cc.object_id AND cco.unique_index_id = cc.index_id
            JOIN sys.indexes i ON cc.object_id = i.object_id AND cc.index_id = i.index_id
        WHERE 
            OBJECT_NAME(parent_object_id) = @TableName AND        
            i.type = 2 AND
            is_primary_key = 0 AND
            is_unique_constraint = 1 
            
        SET @ClusteredPK = CASE WHEN @@ROWCOUNT > 0 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END
 
        INSERT INTO @Definition(FieldValue)
        SELECT    ', ' + case when cco.is_System_Named=1 then '' else 'CONSTRAINT ['+cco.name+']' end + CASE type WHEN 'PK' THEN ' PRIMARY KEY ' + CASE WHEN pk.ObjectID IS NULL THEN ' NONCLUSTERED ' ELSE ' CLUSTERED ' END 
                            WHEN 'UQ' THEN ' UNIQUE ' END + CASE WHEN u.ObjectID IS NOT NULL THEN ' NONCLUSTERED ' ELSE '' END + '(' +
        REVERSE(SUBSTRING(REVERSE((
            SELECT 
                c.name +  + CASE WHEN cc.is_descending_key = 1 THEN ' DESC' ELSE ' ASC' END + ','
            FROM 
                sys.key_constraints ccok
                LEFT JOIN sys.index_columns cc ON ccok.parent_object_id = cc.object_id AND cco.unique_index_id = cc.index_id
                LEFT JOIN sys.columns c ON cc.object_id = c.object_id AND cc.column_id = c.column_id
                LEFT JOIN sys.indexes i ON cc.object_id = i.object_id AND cc.index_id = i.index_id
            WHERE 
                i.object_id = ccok.parent_object_id AND 
                ccok.object_id = cco.object_id
            FOR XML PATH('')
        )), 2, 8000)) + ')'
        FROM 
            sys.key_constraints cco
            LEFT JOIN @PKObjectID pk ON cco.object_id = pk.ObjectID
            LEFT JOIN @Uniques u ON cco.object_id = u.objectID
        WHERE 
            OBJECT_NAME(cco.parent_object_id) = @TableName
        END
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        INSERT INTO @Definition(FieldValue)
        VALUES(')')
 
        IF @IncludeIndexes = 1
        BEGIN
            INSERT INTO @Definition(FieldValue)
            SELECT 
                'CREATE ' + type_desc + ' INDEX [' + [name] COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS + '] ON [' +  OBJECT_NAME(object_id) + '] (' + 
                REVERSE(SUBSTRING(REVERSE((
                    SELECT name + CASE WHEN sc.is_descending_key = 1 THEN ' DESC' ELSE ' ASC' END + ','
                    FROM 
                        sys.index_columns sc
                        JOIN sys.columns c ON sc.object_id = c.object_id AND sc.column_id = c.column_id
                    WHERE 
                        OBJECT_NAME(sc.object_id) = @TableName AND
                        sc.object_id = i.object_id AND 
                        sc.index_id = i.index_id
                    ORDER BY index_column_id ASC
                    FOR XML PATH('')
            )), 2, 8000)) + ')'
            FROM sys.indexes i
            WHERE 
                OBJECT_NAME(object_id) = @TableName
                AND CASE WHEN @ClusteredPK = 1 AND is_primary_key = 1 AND type = 1 THEN 0 ELSE 1 END = 1
                AND is_unique_constraint = 0
                AND is_primary_key = 0
                and i.Type <> 0
        END
            INSERT INTO @MainDefinition(FieldValue)
            SELECT FieldValue FROM @Definition 
            ORDER BY DefinitionID ASC
 
        SELECT @CreateStatement= isnull(@CreateStatement +char(13),'') + FieldValue FROM @MainDefinition
 
if @OutputOnly=0
     select @CreateStatement
 
 
go
 
exec sp_MS_marksystemobject '[dbo].[sp_ScriptTable]'
 
--Sample data below
--
--if object_id('[dbo].[abcd]') is not null
--  exec ('drop table [ABCd]')
--go
--create table [ABCd] (ident int identity(1,2) not null primary key nonclustered
--     ,timCh nvarchar(max)
--     ,timC varchar(1) default 'a' 
--     --,timb varchar(1) unique 
--     )
----create unique clustered index [cidx_abc-d_timc] on [ABCd](timc)
--go
--
--
--declare @CreateStatement nvarchar(max)
--exec [dbo].[sp_ScriptTable]
--
--      @TableName              ='ABCd'
--     ,@IncludeConstraints     = 1
--     ,@IncludeIndexes         = 1
--     ,@NewTableName           = NULL
--     ,@UseSystemDataTypes     = 0
--     ,@CreateStatement        = @CreateStatement output
--     ,@OutputOnly             = 1
--
--select @CreateStatement
--
--go
--
--
--if object_id('[dbo].[abcd]') is not null
--  exec ('drop table [ABCd]')
--go
--create table [ABCd] (ident int identity(1,2) not null primary key nonclustered
--     ,timCh nvarchar(max)
--     ,timC varchar(1) default 'a' 
--     --,timb varchar(1) unique 
--     )
--create unique clustered index [cidx_abc-d_timc] on [ABCd](timc)
--go
--
--
--declare @CreateStatement nvarchar(max)
--exec [dbo].[sp_ScriptTable]
--
--      @TableName              ='ABCd'
--     ,@IncludeConstraints     = 1
--     ,@IncludeIndexes         = 1
--     ,@NewTableName           = NULL
--     ,@UseSystemDataTypes     = 0
--     ,@CreateStatement        = @CreateStatement output
--     ,@OutputOnly             = 1
--
--select @CreateStatement
--
--go
--
--
--if object_id('[dbo].[abcd]') is not null
--  exec ('drop table [ABCd]')
--go
--create table [ABCd] (ident int identity(1,2) not null primary key nonclustered
--     ,timCh nvarchar(max)
--     ,timC varchar(1) default 'a' 
--     ,timb varchar(1) unique 
--     )
--create unique clustered index [cidx_abc-d_timc] on [ABCd](timc)
--go
--
--
--declare @CreateStatement nvarchar(max)
--exec [dbo].[sp_ScriptTable]
--
--      @TableName              ='ABCd'
--     ,@IncludeConstraints     = 1
--     ,@IncludeIndexes         = 1
--     ,@NewTableName           = NULL
--     ,@UseSystemDataTypes     = 0
--     ,@CreateStatement        = @CreateStatement output
--     ,@OutputOnly             = 1
--
--select @CreateStatement
--
--
--

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skacoreAuthor Commented:
Ah, I think I found what I needed:

http://forums.microsoft.com/MSDN/ShowPost.aspx?PostID=3680585&SiteID=1

And I wrote this:

"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Tools\Publishing\sqlpubwiz.exe" script -schemaonly -nodropexisting -d pubs  -S 192.168.1.200 C:\db.sql

And it kicks out my db script.
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