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Locating local maxima of arbitrary curve

Posted on 2008-10-15
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Last Modified: 2013-11-13
I need to locate the local maxima across a histogram. That is, I need to locate the 'hills' in the histogram graph. Is the best way to do this to calculate the first derivative across the curve until it is under some low (near zero) threshold value? The graph can be quite noisy so I'm not sure what the best way to do this is. Also, what size window should be used to calculate the derivative across the points of the arbitrary curve?

Thanks in advance
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Question by:corey_mcm
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Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 22728342
If the function is continuously differentiable the local maxima will be where the derivative is 0 and the second derivative is negative
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Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 22728356
If the function is discrete, than anywhere f(n-1) <  f(n) > f(n+1) is a local maximum
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by:corey_mcm
ID: 22728399
I'm generating a critically smoothed gaussian kernel of the histogram.. Is the safe to use the following (where 'value' is the histogram array):

To calculate the first order derivative:

dOne (int x) {
    return value[i+1] - value[i];
}

To calculate the second order derivative:

dTwo (int x) {
    return dOne(x+1) - dOne(x);
}
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Accepted Solution

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ozo earned 500 total points
ID: 22728461
That's one way to do it.
A local maximum would then be where dOne goes from positive to negative
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