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Using a variable filter in WQUERY for WMI

Posted on 2008-10-16
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Last Modified: 2013-11-27
How can you create in C++ a WQL that allows you to use a variable instead of a fixed expression as the filter in WMI
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Question by:cotosl
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by:DanRollins
ID: 22744768
I don't undertand the question:  With WMI, one uses a scripting language to, for instance, execute a SQL SELECT statement.  The statement that you pass may include string literals as well as text held in variables.  
Perhaps if you provide some more details about what you are trying to acccomplish, the question will be clarified.
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Author Comment

by:cotosl
ID: 22747010
DanRollins:

Attached is an example of an ExecQuery(). What I want to know is how you can do an ExecQuery for WMI with a filter variable for the "Where" instead of the fixed 'anExecutableName.exe'. The idea is to be able to receive a list of processes and then use the ExecQuery() to return the process information for only the processes in the list.
hres = pSvc->ExecQuery(

        bstr_t("WQL"), 

        bstr_t("SELECT * FROM Win32_Process Where Name = 'anExecutableName.exe'"),

        WBEM_FLAG_FORWARD_ONLY | WBEM_FLAG_RETURN_IMMEDIATELY, 

        NULL,

        &pEnumerator);

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Expert Comment

by:DanRollins
ID: 22750465
You could skip the WHERE clause and just use the enumerator to examine each process.  There is an example here:
   Example: Getting WMI Data from the Local Computer
   http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa390423.aspx
(though it uses the Win32_OperatingSystem table, the process is similar)
You can focus the result set by using inequality operators in the SQL query syntax, such as:
    ...WHERE Name < 'S"
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa394054(VS.85).aspx
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa394605(VS.85).aspx
Perhaps the operator you really want is the LIKE operator which allows you to match character patterns.  For instance:

    ...WHERE Name LIKE "%ABC%"
Which will return process that contain th letters ABC anywhere in the name.  See
   LIKE Operator
   http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa392263(VS.85).aspx
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Author Comment

by:cotosl
ID: 22751244
The solutions proposed are valid but from them the one closer to what I was looking for is the one using the iterator. What I dont like about it is going over all results when they can be filtered from the very begining. Maybe the question should be how to construct the query using a variable outside of _bstr_t()and then plug it in the _bstr-t().
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Accepted Solution

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DanRollins earned 150 total points
ID: 22751437
It is possible to build the SELECT statement by concatening strings. For instance:
CString sStmt;
sStmt="SELECT * FROM Win32_Process Where Name LIKE '%";
sStmt += sVarToMatch; // eg, ABC or .EXE
sStmt += "%' ";
hres = pSvc->ExecQuery( bstr_t("WQL"),
bstr_t( sStmt ),
WBEM_FLAG_FORWARD_ONLY | WBEM_FLAG_RETURN_IMMEDIATELY,
NULL, &pEnumerator
);
If that does not help you, then please provide some examples of what variables you would like to plug into the SELECT statement, and I'll show you how to do it.
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Author Comment

by:cotosl
ID: 22753082
One thing I noticed was that if you try to initialize the variable when you define it the compile fails. But if you define it and then you set its value it will work (see code).  Do you have any idea why this happen.



// This will generate an error

CString sVarToMatch = "ABC" 
 

// This will work fine

CString sVarToMatch;

aVarToMatch = "ABC";

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Expert Comment

by:DanRollins
ID: 22753735
It's a quirk of the C++ programming language that each statement must be terminated with a semicolon (;).
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Author Comment

by:cotosl
ID: 22753810
Sorry for the mistake. The error with the semicolon was only on the message. The actual code does have the semicolon and you get the error.
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