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Taking too long to populate 4,000+ filenames in a ListView object in C#.

Posted on 2008-10-21
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Last Modified: 2013-12-17
I have a LIstView object on my Windows Form that for starters, I want to list around 4,500 + filenames from a remote server. Problem is, its taking around 12 minutes to populate the LV Control.
I've attached my code below. Can anyone show me how to write the code what would allow this app to increase that time using Multithreading/ a delegate? I would at least like to see the filenames be listed and possibly a number count being performed on the files via a Label as well.
Many thanks EE Guru's,
Wally
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.IO;
 
namespace ParseLogErrors
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        private System.Collections.Specialized.StringCollection folderCol;
       
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
 
            // Init ListView and folder collection
            folderCol = new System.Collections.Specialized.StringCollection();
            CreateHeadersAndFillListView();
            PaintListView(@"\\crprdnsrc03\logs$\sd4\regional");
            folderCol.Add(@"\\crprdnsrc03\logs$\sd4\regional");
            
            //this.lvwFilesAndFolders.ItemActivate += System.EventHandler(this.lvwFilesAndFolders_ItemActivate);
        }
 
        private void buttonParseLogs_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            string dirName = textBoxSearchPath.Text;
            //DirectoryInfo dir1 = new DirectoryInfo("\\" + dirName);
            
            // Set current working directory & verify it exists
            if (Directory.Exists(dirName))
            try
            {
                Directory.SetCurrentDirectory(dirName);
                MessageBox.Show(dirName);
            }
            catch (UnauthorizedAccessException)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Not authorized to access " + dirName);
                return;
            }
            catch (FileNotFoundException)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("No such directory: " + dirName);
                return;
            }    
        }
 
        private void CreateHeadersAndFillListView()
        {
            ColumnHeader colHead;
 
            colHead = new ColumnHeader();
            colHead.Width = 500;
            colHead.Text = "Filename";
            this.lvwFilesAndFolders.GridLines = true;
            this.lvwFilesAndFolders.Columns.Add(colHead);
 
            colHead = new ColumnHeader();
            colHead.Width = 100;
            colHead.Text = "Size";
            this.lvwFilesAndFolders.GridLines = true;
            this.lvwFilesAndFolders.Columns.Add(colHead);
 
            colHead = new ColumnHeader();
            colHead.Width = 200;
            colHead.Text = "Last Accessed";
            this.lvwFilesAndFolders.GridLines = true;
            this.lvwFilesAndFolders.Columns.Add(colHead);
        }
 
        private void PaintListView(string root)
        {
            try
            {
                ListViewItem lvi;
                ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem lvsi;
 
                this.labelDisplayLogInfo.Text = root + "    (Double click to display the path name)";
                DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(root);
 
                this.lvwFilesAndFolders.Items.Clear();
 
                DirectoryInfo[] dirs = dir.GetDirectories();
                FileInfo[] files = dir.GetFiles();
 
                this.lvwFilesAndFolders.BeginUpdate();
 
                foreach (System.IO.FileInfo fi in files)
                {
                    lvi = new ListViewItem();
                    lvi.Text = fi.Name;
                    lvi.Tag = fi.FullName;
 
                    lvsi = new ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem();
                    lvsi.Text = formatsizekb(fi.Length);
                    lvi.SubItems.Add(lvsi);
 
                    lvsi = new ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem();
                    lvsi.Text = fi.LastAccessTime.ToString();
                    lvi.SubItems.Add(lvsi);
 
                    this.lvwFilesAndFolders.Items.Add(lvi);
                }
 
                this.lvwFilesAndFolders.EndUpdate();
            }
            catch (System.Exception err)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("Error: " + err.Message);
            }
 
            this.lvwFilesAndFolders.View = View.Details;
        }
 
        private void lvwFilesAndFolders_ItemActive(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            ListView lvw = (ListView)sender;
            string filename = lvw.SelectedItems[0].Tag.ToString();
            Console.WriteLine(filename);
        }
 
        private void buttonExit_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            this.Close();
        }
 
        private string formatsizekb(long lsize)
        {
            const int iKB = 1024;
            const long lMB = 1048576;
 
            if (lsize < iKB)
                return string.Format("{0:#,#} bytes", lsize);
            else if (lsize >= iKB && lsize < lMB) ;
            return string.Format("{0:#,#} KB", lsize / 1024);
        }
    }
}

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Question by:wally_davis
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5 Comments
 
LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:gregoryyoung
ID: 22772012
It might help if you included some of the relevant code like *how* you are adding them to the listview.

Is the time in getting the list of files or in actually adding them to the listbox? I would guess the former. If so it would seem that you would want to get the filenames on a background thread then add them to the listbox as you get them but without more details its really hard to give you direction.

Cheers,

Greg
0
 

Author Comment

by:wally_davis
ID: 22776818
Hi Greg,
If you look under the "private void PaintListView(string root)" subroutine, you'll notice under the foreach loop routine, this is where the files get added to the ListView control, i.e. the "  this.lvwFilesAndFolders.Items.Add(lvi);" Method. It took approximately 12 - 15 minutes to populate 4,500 filenames to the ListView control (named lvwFilesAndFolders).

foreach (System.IO.FileInfo fi in files)
                {
                    lvi = new ListViewItem();
                    lvi.Text = fi.Name;
                    lvi.Tag = fi.FullName;
 
                    lvsi = new ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem();
                    lvsi.Text = formatsizekb(fi.Length);
                    lvi.SubItems.Add(lvsi);
 
                    lvsi = new ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem();
                    lvsi.Text = fi.LastAccessTime.ToString();
                    lvi.SubItems.Add(lvsi);
 
                    this.lvwFilesAndFolders.Items.Add(lvi);
                }
0
 

Author Comment

by:wally_davis
ID: 22777017
For starters, I don't mind using the BackgroundWorker control and then later Delegates. But either one will work.
0
 
LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:gregoryyoung
ID: 22778692
Ah sorry my bad I missed the scroll bar ... give me a few minutes to look it over.
0
 

Accepted Solution

by:
wally_davis earned 0 total points
ID: 22791319
Figured out the code I needed to get this to start working. This is not complete but it's a good start.

 protected void bgw_DoWork(object sender, DoWorkEventArgs e)
        {            
            {
                this.Invoke(new MethodInvoker(delegate()
                {
                    progressBar1.PerformStep();

                    /* Lets call the other statements from here
                    to Perform Safe threading execution */
                    string dirName = textBoxSearchPath.Text;
                    folderCol = new System.Collections.Specialized.StringCollection();
                    PaintListView(dirName);
                    folderCol.Add(dirName);
                }));                                
            }                        
        }
0

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