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Conditional Clauses in Where or And Section of a SQL statement in an Oracle Stored Procedure

Posted on 2008-10-22
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Last Modified: 2013-12-07
I am converting from MS SQL Server to Oracle.  I've been tackling the problems one by one (with the help of Experts-exchange).  However this latest one is stumping me.

For example:

create or replace spGetTeams(teamID in number, teamName varchar2, crGetTeamInfo out sys_cursor)
as
Begin
open crGetTeamInfo for
Select team_name, team_id, team_record
From teams
where isActive = 1
And (team_id = teamID or teamID is null or teamID like '-1)
And (team_name = teamName or teamName is null or teamName like '%'||-1||'%')
null;
end spGetTeams;

The person that made the Stored procedure in MS SQL Server explained to me that that the -1 will return all records. So basically it will try to match to the parameter passed, or null records, or all records.  How would I go about doing this in PL/SQL?
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Question by:vbemt
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4 Comments
 
LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:MikeOM_DBA
ID: 22780887
try this:

CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE spgetteams (
   teamid          IN       NUMBER,
   teamname                 VARCHAR2,
   crgetteaminfo   OUT      sys_cursor
)
AS
BEGIN
   OPEN crgetteaminfo FOR
      SELECT team_name, team_id, team_record
        FROM teams
       WHERE isactive = 1
         AND (team_id = teamid OR teamid IS NULL OR teamid LIKE '%')
         AND (team_name = teamname OR teamname IS NULL OR teamname LIKE '%');
END;

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Accepted Solution

by:
MikeOM_DBA earned 2000 total points
ID: 22780901

Small correction:
CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE spgetteams (
   teamid          IN       NUMBER,
   teamname                 VARCHAR2,
   crgetteaminfo   OUT      sys_cursor
)
AS
BEGIN
   OPEN crgetteaminfo FOR
      SELECT team_name, team_id, team_record
        FROM teams
       WHERE isactive = 1
         AND (team_id = teamid OR (teamid IS NULL AND teamid LIKE '%'))
         AND (team_name = teamname OR (teamname IS NULL AND teamname LIKE '%'));
END;

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Author Comment

by:vbemt
ID: 22786168
I think that's what I need, just have a miner question about the 2 examples you gave.  I'm trying to understand the difference between the 2.  I know one uses "AND" and the other uses "OR" but I don't see how it works.
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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:MikeOM_DBA
ID: 22790090

Difference is the first one had a typo: missing parenthesis.

Therefore you have this:

1) if parameter exists -> query ( column = parameter ...)
2) else (OR), if parameter does not exist ->  query (parameter IS NULL AND column like '%')


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