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is there a syntax error in my php sql statement

Posted on 2008-10-22
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Last Modified: 2013-12-13
hello:

i'm using the follwoing code insert data to a table. i'm using odbc connection in ms sql 2005

but the insert statement is failed to exected.

the error is : SQL state 00000 in SQLExecDirect  in line : odbc_exec($dbconnect, $SQL);

i tried both
 odbc_execute ($query, $parameters);
odbc_exec($dbconnect, $SQL);

it's just not working...

could some expert here help me? thank you so much !

$SQL = "INSERT INTO myProject (Project_Title, Time_Location_Group, Subject_Area, Professor_Name,
Professor_Email,Project_Description, Student_Qualifications, Hours, Credits,
Credit_Hours, Status, Affiliation_Centers, Project_Links, Entry_Date) VALUES 
		('{$projtitle}','{$projlocation}','{$subjectarea}','{$profname}',
		'{$email}',	'{$projdesc}','{$quals}','{$hours}','{$credits}','{$credithours}',
	'{$status}','{$DPs}','{$websites}', '{$date}')";
	
/*$parameters = array($projtitle,$projlocation,$subjectarea,$profname,
					$email,	$projdesc,$quals,$hours,$credits,$credithours,
					$status,$DPs,$websites, $date); 
$query=odbc_prepare($dbconnect, $SQL);
odbc_execute ($query, $parameters); */
odbc_exec($dbconnect, $SQL);
odbc_close($dbconnect);

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Question by:lilyyan
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5 Comments
 
LVL 82

Assisted Solution

by:hielo
hielo earned 500 total points
ID: 22781057
are you escaping the values in those variables. For example, if one of those values contains an apostrophe then the sql statement will not be valid.
So instead of something like:
$projtitle=$_POST['title'];

you need:
$projtitle= str_replace("'", "''",$_POST['title']);

the same applies for the other variables.
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LVL 82

Accepted Solution

by:
hielo earned 500 total points
ID: 22781135
try:
<?php
$SQL = sprintf("INSERT INTO myProject (Project_Title, Time_Location_Group, Subject_Area, Professor_Name,Professor_Email,Project_Description, Student_Qualifications, Hours, Credits,Credit_Hours, Status, Affiliation_Centers, Project_Links, Entry_Date) VALUES('%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s')"
		,str_replace("'","''",$projtitle)
		,str_replace("'","''",$projlocation)
		,str_replace("'","''",$subjectarea)
		,str_replace("'","''",$profname)
		,str_replace("'","''",$email)
		,str_replace("'","''",$projdesc)
		,str_replace("'","''",$quals)
		,str_replace("'","''",$hours)
		,str_replace("'","''",$credits)
		,str_replace("'","''",$credithours)
		,str_replace("'","''",$status)
	 	,str_replace("'","''",$DPs)
	 	,str_replace("'","''",$websites)
	 	,str_replace("'","''",$date)
		);
 
odbc_exec($dbconnect, $SQL);
odbc_close($dbconnect);
 
?>

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Author Comment

by:lilyyan
ID: 22781319
well, i tried. it still shows same error: odbc_exec($dbconnect, $SQL);

myhost server has turned the magic_quotes_gpc, so by default, apostrophe will be escaped as \'
so i don't think i should use : str_replace("'","''",$projtitle).

am i right? thank you so much !!
0
 
LVL 82

Expert Comment

by:hielo
ID: 22781747
OK, then the other question is, are actually connecting to the db? I don't see where you are setting the $dbconnect variable.
0
 

Author Comment

by:lilyyan
ID: 22785249
thank you for your reply!

about apostrophe sign, should i strip of magic_quotes_gpc and then use str_replace("'","''",$projtitle). ?

the connection is like the following.
<?php 
//Set up Variables
//connect to MS SQL 2005 Dev
$dbHost = "hostServer"; 
$dbUser = 'clientUser';
$dbPass = 'myPass';
$dsn= 'myDataSource';   //datasources
 
// Open DB connection
$dbconnect =odbc_connect($dsn, $dbUser, $dbPass, SQL_CUR_USE_ODBC)
     or DIE ("DATABASE FAILED TO RESPOND.");
 
?>

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