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Hash Index

Posted on 2008-10-23
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Last Modified: 2012-08-13
I am trying to create a Hash Index on one of the columns of my table, but as I click 'Apply Changes', it gets automatically converted to BTREE index. Why?
I also want to know which index has good performance, a HASH index or a BTREE index, for an InnoDB table.
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Question by:rpkhare
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Expert Comment

by:Umesh
ID: 22793926
Which engine are you using for that table?  is it InnoDB/MyISAM ?

Some storage engines allow you to specify an index type when creating an index. The allowable index type values supported by different storage engines are shown in the following table. Where multiple index types are listed, the first one is the default when no index type specifier is given.

Storage                               Engine Allowable Index Types
MyISAM                                     BTREE, RTREE  
InnoDB                                      BTREE
MEMORY/HEAP                        HASH, BTREE  
NDB                                      HASH, BTREE (see note in text)



For your second query...

http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/innodb-adaptive-hash.html
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by:rpkhare
ID: 22798332
InnoDB.
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Accepted Solution

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Umesh earned 125 total points
ID: 22798532
InnoDB's default index type is "BTREE"..

InnoDB has a mechanism that monitors index searches made to the indexes defined for a table. If InnoDB notices that queries could benefit from building a hash index, it does so automatically.

Note that the hash index is always built based on an existing B-tree index on the table. InnoDB can build a hash index on a prefix of any length of the key defined for the B-tree, depending on the pattern of searches that InnoDB observes for the B-tree index
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by:rpkhare
ID: 31510076
Thanks
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