How do you repair Vista or reinstall without losing data?

A remote user has a vista (MSDN) laptop that blue screens during boot after shutting down normally. He's tried the system restore disk to repair it without success.

Is there a way to repair/reinstall vista without destroying the data on it like with XP?

This is an urgent issue.

Any help would be appreciated.

John  88{Q
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two_people_hkConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Here are some instruction to automatically repair Windows Vista using Startup Repair:
And some additional information:
There was an XP Repair option available on the WinXP installation CD to reinstall XP over itself, which would in most cases not disturb your data or installed programs.  Vista has an option like this also, described here:

Unfortunately, it requires you to be able to boot into Vista to perform this "upgrade" option.  There is no Vista option to install the system over itself from the Recovery Environment (the replacement for XP's Recovery Console).  So you need to follow the instructions on using Startup Repair referenced in the previous comment.  
LeeTutorConnect With a Mentor retiredCommented:
If the Startup Repair doesn't fix the problem, you can try this MS article:;en-us;927392
How to use the Bootrec.exe tool in the Windows Recovery Environment to troubleshoot and repair startup issues in Windows Vista
tcengineerAuthor Commented:
I have forwarded these references onto the remote user to try.

I'll let you know the results....

John  88{Q
tcengineerAuthor Commented:
I originally gave the user a Vista Restore Disk (that I believe Lee Tutor had pointed me to at one time but when he booted of that, it didn't help.

I sent him the ISO of the originally installation image that he burned and was able to fix his installation with that image. I'm not sure why the restore image didn't work but the install image did.
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