How to Access fields by number in a record

I need to be access the fields in a record sequentialy and to find the field type.

type
  STran = record
    TranType :array[0..1] of char;
    AccountRef :array[0..7] of char;
    NomCode :array[0..7] of char;
    DeptNo :integer;
    TransDate :array[0..9] of char;
    Net :currency;
    :
    :
  end;

example in Psudo Code
    for x:= 0 to STran.FIELDCOUNT -1 do
    begin
      case stTran.FIELDBYNUMBER[x].FIELDTYPE of
      String : //  process the value of thid field as a string;

      Currency ://
      Integer : //
      end; // end case

  Any suggestion on how to achiev this.

Thanks in advance
Alan
LVL 1
alanjbrownAsked:
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2266180Commented:
you can't.

but you could, if you would use a class instead of a record and make those record member to be published properties in the class. you will use RTTI for this (start from here: http://delphi.about.com/od/oopindelphi/a/delphirtti.htm )
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alanjbrownAuthor Commented:
Are you able to give me a more specific example of how RTTI can be applied to my question?
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2266180Commented:
are you willing to use a class instead of a record? I dont' want to waste my time if you do not ;)
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Geert GOracle dbaCommented:
you could access them with a function or 2 you define
but for every new type of record ... you would have to create new functions

or use variant







type
  STranFieldCount = 10;
 
function STranField(Rec: STran; Index: Integer): Variant;
begin
  case Index of 
    0: Result := Rec.TranType;
    1: Result := Rec.AccountRef;
    2: Result := Rec.NomCode;
    3: Result := Rec.DeptNo;
    4: Result := Rec.TransDate;
    5: Result := Rec.Net;
  else 
    Result := Null;
  end;
end;
  
for x := 0 to STranFieldCount-1 do 
  case VarType(STranField(STran, x)) of 
    varString: Memo1.Lines.Add(VarToStr(STranField(STran, x)));
    varInt: Memo1.Lines.Add(VarToStr(STranField(STran, x)));
    ...
  end;

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alanjbrownAuthor Commented:
Ciuly, I would like to try using a class instead of a record but I don't know anything about classes at the moment so I am not sure if it will create other problems for me.

Geert, I don't want to have to change my functions when ever the record structure is changed.
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2266180Commented:
well, try to give us examples of how you are using the record. if you are using a file of type record, then class won't do since you cannot have file of type class. there are other such scnearios, but better to see whatever you are using it for ;)
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alanjbrownAuthor Commented:
I am using files of type record. The purpose of the program is to read the file and convert the output, the conversion being based on the field types in the record. So it looks as if I won't be able to use classes. I have potentially a lot of different structures to work with, that is why I need a generic process rather than to create different functions for each record structure.
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2266180Commented:
the let's go the other way around: what kind of processing do you need to do which is so generic that a function like geert suggests is too much? what are you trying to accomplish?
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alanjbrownAuthor Commented:
Output as CSV the first record to have the field names from the record, then when each field is output it will converted into a formatted string depending upon the actual field type. For example a currency field would be output as '99,999.00' etc.
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2266180Commented:
so you want to convert a binary file (with records) into a csv file?
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alanjbrownAuthor Commented:
yes but I want to add some proccessing / formatting to certain field types.
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2266180Commented:
see this small demo I wrote: http://www.ciuly.com/delphi/rtti/binaryToCsv/index.html
read the explanations on the page on how to extend this to support most of the data types applicable.
if you have any questions about it, just ask.
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alanjbrownAuthor Commented:
Ciuly, thanks for the demo, it looks good although I won't be able to test it until this evening. I will get back to you later to award points etc.

I have an additional question regarding binary files which I will post as a new question.
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2266180Commented:
ok
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