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Newbie with Sendmail ?

Posted on 2008-10-27
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Last Modified: 2013-12-25
I have a script that needs to have an email acknowledgment sent to a cusmter through email. I have everything ready but this. Can someone help me with the sendmail function?
Thanks~
#!/usr/bin/perl
#inter.cgi - saves form data to a file, and creates
#three different dynamic Web pages
print "Content-type: text/html\n\n";
use CGI qw(:standard -debug);
 
#prevent Perl from creating undeclared variables
use strict;
 
#declare variables
my ($name, $email, $comments, $data_ok, $msg);
 
if ($ENV{'REQUEST_METHOD'} eq "POST") {
	($name, $email, $comments) = get_input();
	($name, $email, $comments) = format_input();
	$data_ok, $msg = validate_input();
	if ($data_ok eq "Y") {
		save_to_file();
		create_acknowledgment_page();
	}
	else {
		create_error_page();
	}
}
else {
	create_comments_page();
}
exit;
 
#*****user-defined functions*****
sub get_input {
	return param('Name'), param('Email'), param('Comments');
} #end get_input
 
sub format_input {
	#declare and assign values to temporary variables
	my ($n, $e, $c);
	($n, $e, $c) = ($name, $email, $comments);
	#remove leading and trailing spaces from name
	$n =~ s/^ +//;
	$n =~ s/ +$//;
	#remove leading and trailing spaces from e-mail address
	$e =~ s/^ +//;
	$e =~ s/ +$//;
	#remove leading and trailing whitespace characters
	#from comments
	$c =~ s/^\s+//;
	$c =~ s/\s+$//;
	#replace return and newline combination within comments
	#with a space
	$c =~ tr/\r\n/ /;
	#remove extra spaces from within comments
	$c =~ tr/ //s;
	return $n, $e, $c;
} #end format_input
 
sub validate_input {
	my $valid = "Y";
	my $errormsg;
	if ($name eq "" or $email eq "" or $comments eq "") {
		$valid = "N";
		$errormsg = "complete all items";
	}
	elsif ($email !~ m/ [\w\-]+\@[\w\-]+\[\w\-]+/) {
		$valid = "N";
		$errormsg = "enter a valid e-mail address";
	}
	return $valid, $errormsg;
} #end validate_input
 
sub save_to_file {
	open(OUTFILE, ">>", "comments.txt")
		or die "Error opening comments.txt for save. $!, stopped";
	print OUTFILE "$name|$email|$comments\n";
	close(OUTFILE);
} #end save_to_file
 
sub create_acknowledgment_page {
	print "<HTML>\n";
	print "<HEAD><TITLE>International Coffees</TITLE></HEAD>\n";
	print "<BODY>\n";
	print "<H2>$name, thank you for the following \n";
	print "comments:<BR><BR>$comments\n";
	print "</H2></BODY></HTML>\n";
} #end create_acknowledgment_page
 
sub create_error_page {
	print "<HTML>\n";
	print "<HEAD><TITLE>International Coffees</TITLE></HEAD>\n";
	print "<BODY>\n";
	print "<H2>Please return to the form and \n";
	print "$msg.</H2>\n";
	print "</BODY></HTML>\n";
} #end create_error_page
 
sub create_comments_page {
	my (@records, $name_field, $email_field, $com_field);
 
	open(INFILE, "<", "comments.txt")
		or die "Error opening comments.txt. $!, stopped";
 
	print "<HTML>\n";
	print "<HEAD><TITLE>International Coffees</TITLE></HEAD>\n";
	print "<BODY>\n";
	print "<H2>What other coffee lovers say \n";
	print "about our coffees:</H2>\n";
	@records = <INFILE>;
	close(INFILE);
	foreach my $rec (@records) {
		chomp($rec);
		($name_field, $email_field, $com_field) = split(/\|/, $rec);
		print "<B>Name:</B> $name_field<BR>\n";
		print "<B>Comments:</B> $com_field<BR>\n";
		print "<HR>";
	}
	print "</BODY></HTML>\n";
} #end create_comments_page

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Question by:reno02
3 Comments
 
LVL 26

Expert Comment

by:jar3817
ID: 22821194
Check out this page to see how you can send email using perl and sendmail:

http://www.perlfect.com/articles/sendmail.shtml
0
 

Author Comment

by:reno02
ID: 22826186
I looked at it and tried to do this but it still isn't working. What am I doing wrong?
Thanks for any help!
#!/usr/bin/perl
#inter.cgi - saves form data to a file, and creates
#three different dynamic Web pages
print "Content-type: text/html\n\n";
use CGI qw(:standard -debug);
use Mail::Sendmail;
 
#prevent Perl from creating undeclared variables
use strict;
 
#declare variables
my ($name, $email, $comments, $data_ok, $msg, %mail);
 
if ($ENV{'REQUEST_METHOD'} eq "POST") {
	($name, $email, $comments) = get_input();
	($name, $email, $comments) = format_input();
	($data_ok, $msg) = validate_input();
	if ($data_ok eq "Y") {
		save_to_file();
		create_acknowledgment_page();
		create_email_aknowledgment();
	}
	else {
		create_error_page();
	}
}
else {
	create_comments_page();
}
exit;
 
#*****user-defined functions*****
sub get_input {
	return param('Name'), param('Email'), param('Comments');
} #end get_input
 
sub format_input {
	#declare and assign values to temporary variables
	my ($n, $e, $c);
	($n, $e, $c) = ($name, $email, $comments);
	#remove leading and trailing spaces from name
	$n =~ s/^ +//;
	$n =~ s/ +$//;
	#remove leading and trailing spaces from e-mail address
	$e =~ s/^ +//;
	$e =~ s/ +$//;
	#remove leading and trailing whitespace characters
	#from comments
	$c =~ s/^\s+//;
	$c =~ s/\s+$//;
	#replace return and newline combination within comments
	#with a space
	$c =~ tr/\r\n/ /;
	#remove extra spaces from within comments
	$c =~ tr/ //s;
	return $n, $e, $c;
} #end format_input
 
sub validate_input {
	my $valid = "Y";
	my $errormsg;
	if ($name eq "" or $email eq "" or $comments eq "") {
		$valid = "N";
		$errormsg = "complete all items";
	}
	elsif ($email !~ m/[\w\-]+\@[\w\-]+\.[\w\-]+/) {
		$valid = "N";
		$errormsg = "enter a valid e-mail address";
	}
	return $valid, $errormsg;
} #end validate_input
 
sub save_to_file {
	open(OUTFILE, ">> comments.txt")
		or die "Error opening comments.txt for save. $!, stopped";
	print OUTFILE "$name|$email|$comments\n";
	close(OUTFILE);
} #end save_to_file
 
sub create_acknowledgment_page {
	print "<HTML>\n";
	print "<HEAD><TITLE>International Coffees</TITLE></HEAD>\n";
	print "<BODY>\n";
	print "<H2>$name, thank you for the following \n";
	print "comments:<BR><BR>$comments\n";
	print "</H2></BODY></HTML>\n";
} #end create_acknowledgment_page
 
sub create_email_acknowledgment {
	my (%mail);
	$mail{"To"} = $email;
	$mail{"From"} = 'mknigh01@baker.edu';
	$mail{"Subject"} = "International Coffee Comments";
	$mail{"Smtp"} = "crux.baker.edu";
	$mail{"Message"} = "Thank you, $name for submitting your comments: $comments.";
	sendmail(%mail); 
} #end create_email_acknowledgment
 
sub create_error_page {
	print "<HTML>\n";
	print "<HEAD><TITLE>International Coffees</TITLE></HEAD>\n";
	print "<BODY>\n";
	print "<H2>Please return to the form and \n";
	print "$msg.</H2>\n";
	print "</BODY></HTML>\n";
} #end create_error_page
 
sub create_comments_page {
	my (@records, $name_field, $email_field, $com_field);
	open(INFILE, "< comments.txt")
		or die "Error opening comments.txt. $!, stopped";
 
	print "<HTML>\n";
	print "<HEAD><TITLE>International Coffees</TITLE></HEAD>\n";
	print "<BODY>\n";
	print "<H2>What other coffee lovers say \n";
	print "about our coffees:</H2>\n";
	@records = <INFILE>;
	close(INFILE);
	foreach my $rec (@records) {
		chomp($rec);
		($name_field, $email_field, $com_field) = split(/\|/, $rec);
		print "<B>Name:</B> $name_field<BR>\n";
		print "<B>Comments:</B> $com_field<BR>\n";
		print "<HR>";
	}
	print "</BODY></HTML>\n";
} #end create_comments_page

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Accepted Solution

by:
Adam314 earned 800 total points
ID: 22879689
Change your line 96 to this:
    sendmail(%mail) or die $Mail::Sendmail::error;
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