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SQL ORDER BY CASE problem

Posted on 2008-10-28
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Last Modified: 2012-05-05
Im having trouble with a ORDER in my sql statement.
in my DB i have table "flaw" with fields:
"area_nr" with values:
P1-1, P1-1, P1-1, P1-2, P1-2, P1-2, P1-3, P1-3, P1-3, P1-10
...and "id" with values:
2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 3

I get the usual problem with P1-10 coming out before P1-2. I have tried many differet ways but cant seem to make i work. What i want is to order as follow:
"area_nr" : "id"

P1-1 : 1
P1-1 : 1
P1-1 : 2

P1-2 : 1
P1-2 : 2
P1-2 : 2

P1-3 : 1
P1-3 : 1
P1-3 : 3

P1-10 : 3

My ORDER code so far is:

$order = "CASE WHEN CAST(area_nr AS SIGNED) = 0 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END, CAST(area_nr AS SIGNED) ASC,";
$order .= "CASE WHEN CAST(id AS SIGNED) = 0 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END, CAST(id AS SIGNED) ASC, area_nr, id";

and so on...

But this doesnt do it... Anyone expert in SQL and who can give me a clue or rewrite my statement for me.
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Question by:m_mlynek
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7 Comments
 
LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 22820667
If the value is always "P1-??", then you can just can just take the numberical part.
+Couple of ways to get right portion of string.  I chose to reverse the string and search for the first "-" and then take the right of the original string that number of characters - 1.
+Cast the result as INT
$order = "CAST(RIGHT(area_nr, INSTR(REVERSE(area_nr),'-')-1) AS INT ASC, id";

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Author Comment

by:m_mlynek
ID: 22821591
The area_nr is not always P1-?? so i cant do that. It can be 1-Apartment, Apartment-A and so on. So i cant always be sure that the last is an INT. On top of that i also needed both fields sortet, first area_nr and within every area_nr, id sorted. Any other idea?
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Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 22821661
Can you give some sample of data and the sorting rules you want enforced on it and can try to help with the case when.
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Author Comment

by:m_mlynek
ID: 22821860
Thanks for you help. As i have read i dont think its posible what im trying to do. My data can be too dynamic to find a pathern. Im just going to rename all data like P1-1 to P1-01 then i get the right sorting. Im giving you the points. Again thanks.
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LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 22821886
Why give up so soon.  I had a thought in mind, just wanted to make sure has at least one constant like "-" in it.  If not still can be done.  Please request the question be reopened and then you can accept correct answer.
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LVL 60

Accepted Solution

by:
Kevin Cross earned 500 total points
ID: 22822580
Take a look here (the solution is at bottom of code snippet, the rest is what I used to test but figured it would be helpful to see the data I tested with so you can know what additional modifications you need for other variations of data you have if not all values have hyphen):

Can use a really large number if want numbers first then text, but easiest to go other way as don't have to guess at what largest number value could be.
CREATE TABLE `sandbox`.`testarea` (
  `id` INTEGER UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `area_nr` VARCHAR(45) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
)
 
INSERT INTO testarea(area_nr)
SELECT '1-America'
UNION ALL
SELECT 'America-10'
UNION ALL
SELECT 'America-5'
UNION ALL
SELECT 'P1-1'
UNION ALL
SELECT 'P1-1'
UNION ALL
SELECT 'P1-1'
UNION ALL
SELECT 'P1-2'
UNION ALL
SELECT 'P1-11'
UNION ALL
SELECT 'P1-7';
 
-- sorts everything as text
SELECT area_nr, id
FROM testarea t
ORDER BY area_nr, id;
 
-- sorts text and numbers separately for each part separated by "-"
SELECT area_nr, id
FROM testarea t
ORDER BY CASE LEFT(area_nr, INSTR(area_nr, '-')-1) REGEXP '^[0-9]+$' WHEN 0 THEN 0 ELSE CAST(LEFT(area_nr, INSTR(area_nr, '-')-1) AS SIGNED) END
, LEFT(area_nr, INSTR(area_nr, '-')-1)
, CASE RIGHT(area_nr, INSTR(REVERSE(area_nr), '-')-1) REGEXP '^[0-9]+$' WHEN 0 THEN 0 ELSE CAST(RIGHT(area_nr, INSTR(REVERSE(area_nr), '-')-1) AS SIGNED) END
, area_nr, id;

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