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C# Number Only Field with Backspace and Paste function

Posted on 2008-10-28
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2,567 Views
Last Modified: 2012-05-05
Hello all,

I am working in C# 2008 Express and want to have my text field only accept numbers however still allow backspace and paste insertion.  I have pasted in what i have thus far which allows the just numbers and the backspace but I am failing to conquer the paste function.  Any help would be great thanks.

        private void textBox1_KeyPress(object sender, KeyPressEventArgs e)
        {
            //if (!Char.IsDigit(e.KeyChar)||!Char.IsControl(e.KeyChar))
            if ((!Char.IsDigit(e.KeyChar)) && (e.KeyChar != Convert.ToChar(Keys.Back)))
                e.Handled = true;
        }
0
Comment
Question by:Andrew Bass
  • 3
  • 2
6 Comments
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:Nullable
ID: 22827748
Use this Code in the KeyDown Event



private void textBox1_KeyDown(object sender, KeyEventArgs e)

{

    // For Past Action

    if (e.Modifiers == Keys.Control && e.KeyCode == Keys.V)

        return;

    e.SuppressKeyPress = true;

}

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0
 
LVL 26

Expert Comment

by:Anurag Thakur
ID: 22828366
void textBox1_KeyDown(object sender, KeyEventArgs e)
{
    if (e.KeyCode == Keys.V && (e.Modifiers & Keys.Control) != Keys.None)
    {
        TextBox tb = sender as TextBox;
        string textToPaste =  Clipboard.GetText();
        tb.Paste();
        e.Handled = true;
        e.SuppressKeyPress = true;
        Console.WriteLine("Pasted: {0}", textToPaste);
    }
}

But that won't intercept the user clicking on Edit->Paste...

You can do that by inherting new control from the text box control and overriding WndProc in order to detect WM_PASTE message. Here is an example for an overriden WndProc

private const int WM_PASTE = 0x0302;
  protected override void WndProc(ref Message m)
  {
   if (m.Msg == WM_PASTE)
   {
    MessageBox.Show("Paste");
   }
   base.WndProc(ref m);
  }
0
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:Nullable
ID: 22828389
in this code  :
void textBox1_KeyDown(object sender, KeyEventArgs e)
{
    if (e.KeyCode == Keys.V && (e.Modifiers & Keys.Control) != Keys.None)
    {
        TextBox tb = sender as TextBox;
        string textToPaste =  Clipboard.GetText();
        tb.Paste();
        e.Handled = true;
        e.SuppressKeyPress = true;
        Console.WriteLine("Pasted: {0}", textToPaste);
    }
}

Shift + V is not work
0
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LVL 1

Author Comment

by:Andrew Bass
ID: 22832003
When I use your code i continue to get expected errors.
To clarify I DO WANT end users to be able to paste numbers into the text box field.  I have attached the coding in a txt doc if there are any ideas how to fix this up it would be appreciated.  Thanks
        private void textBox1_KeyPress(object sender, KeyPressEventArgs e)

        {

            //if (!Char.IsDigit(e.KeyChar)||!Char.IsControl(e.KeyChar))

            if ((!Char.IsDigit(e.KeyChar)) && (e.KeyChar != Convert.ToChar(Keys.Back)))

                e.Handled = true;

        }
 

        private void textBox1_KeyDown(object sender, KeyEventArgs e)

        {

            if (e.KeyCode == Keys.V && (e.Modifiers & Keys.Control) != Keys.None)

                {

                TextBox tb = sender as TextBox;

                string textToPaste = Clipboard.GetText();

                tb.Paste();

                e.Handled = true;

                e.SuppressKeyPress = true;

                Console.WriteLine("Pasted: {0}", textToPaste);

                }

        }

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Accepted Solution

by:
Nullable earned 500 total points
ID: 22870274
i have writen a Control
it is a FilteredTextbox
i Place my code for u with a sample

it have this featurse :
numeric filterDecimal filter ( numeric + float point (.))Email filter Custom Filter ( set a char set for desire)

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.ComponentModel;

using System.Drawing;

using System.Data;

using System.Linq;

using System.Text;

using System.Windows.Forms;

using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
 

namespace BM

{

    /// <summary>

    /// writed by Behrooz Mohammadi ( Nullabel )

    /// behrooz_pro@yahoo.com

    /// </summary>

    [DefaultBindingProperty("IntValue")]

    public partial class FilteredTextBox : TextBox

    {

        public FilteredTextBox()

        {

            InitializeComponent();

        }
 

        protected override void OnKeyPress(KeyPressEventArgs e)

        {

            base.OnKeyPress(e);

                                                                       

            if (!Active || e.KeyChar == '\b')

                return;
 

            if (Email)

            {

                return;

            }

            else

            {

                if (CustomFilter != "")

                {

                    if (CustomFilter.Contains(e.KeyChar))

                        return;

                }
 

                if (Numeric)

                {

                    if (char.IsNumber(e.KeyChar))

                        return;

                }
 

                if (AllowDecimals && !Text.Contains("."))

                    if (e.KeyChar == '.')

                        return;

            }
 

            e.Handled = true;

        }
 

        [Category("Setting")]

        public bool Active { get; set; }
 

        [Category("Setting")]

        public bool Numeric { get; set; }
 

        [Category("Setting")]

        public bool Email { get; set; }
 

        string _CustomFilter = "";

        private bool _allowDecimals = false;

        private string LastStr = "";
 

        [Category("Setting")]

        public string CustomFilter

        {

            get { return _CustomFilter; }

            set

            {

                _CustomFilter = value;

            }

        }
 

        [Category("Setting")]

        public bool AllowDecimals

        {

            get { return _allowDecimals; }

            set { _allowDecimals = value; }

        }
 

        [Bindable(true)]

        [Category("Setting")]

        public int? IntValue

        {

            get

            {

                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(Text))

                    return null;
 

                int A;

                if (int.TryParse(Text, out A))

                    return A;

                else

                    return null;

            }

            set

            {

                if (value.HasValue)

                    this.Text = value.Value.ToString();

                else

                    Text = "";

            }

        }
 

        [Bindable(true)]

        [Category("Setting")]

        public decimal? DecimalValue

        {

            get

            {

                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(Text))

                    return null;
 

                decimal A;

                if (decimal.TryParse(Text, out A))

                    return A;

                else

                    return null;

            }

            set

            {

                if (value.HasValue)

                    this.Text = value.Value.ToString();

                else

                    Text = "";

            }

        }
 

        protected override void OnTextChanged(EventArgs e)

        {

            if (!Active || string.IsNullOrEmpty(Text))

                return;
 

            if (Numeric)

                if (_allowDecimals)

                {

                    decimal k;

                    if (!decimal.TryParse(Text, out k))

                    {

                        int x = SelectionStart, l = SelectionLength;

                        this.Text = LastStr;

                        SelectionStart = x;

                        SelectionLength = l;

                        return;

                    }

                }

                else

                {

                    int k;

                    if (!int.TryParse(Text, out k))

                    {

                        int x = SelectionStart, l = SelectionLength;

                        this.Text = LastStr;

                        SelectionStart = x;

                        SelectionLength = l;

                        return;

                    }

                }

            LastStr = Text;

            base.OnTextChanged(e);

        }
 

        private void FilteredTextBox_Validating(object sender, CancelEventArgs e)

        {

            if (Email)

            {

                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(Text))

                    return;
 

                string strRegex = @"^([a-zA-Z0-9_\-\.]+)@((\[[0-9]{1,3}" +

                          @"\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.)|(([a-zA-Z0-9\-]+\" +

                          @".)+))([a-zA-Z]{2,4}|[0-9]{1,3})(\]?)$";

                Regex re = new Regex(strRegex);

                if (re.IsMatch(Text))

                    return;

                else

                {

                    e.Cancel = true;

                    MessageBox.Show("Enter Valid Email.");

                }

            }

        }

    }

}
 

// Designer.cs file :
 

namespace BM

{

    partial class FilteredTextBox

    {

        /// <summary> 

        /// Required designer variable.

        /// </summary>

        private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;
 

        /// <summary> 

        /// Clean up any resources being used.

        /// </summary>        

        /// <param name="disposing">true if managed resources should be disposed; otherwise, false.</param>

        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)

        {

            if (disposing && (components != null))

            {

                components.Dispose();

            }

            base.Dispose(disposing);

        }
 

        #region Component Designer generated code
 

        /// <summary> 

        /// Required method for Designer support - do not modify 

        /// the contents of this method with the code editor.

        /// </summary>

        private void InitializeComponent()

        {

            this.SuspendLayout();

            // 

            // FilteredTextBox

            // 

            this.Validating += new System.ComponentModel.CancelEventHandler(this.FilteredTextBox_Validating);

            this.ResumeLayout(false);
 

        }
 

        #endregion

    }

}

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FilterTextbox.zip
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Author Closing Comment

by:Andrew Bass
ID: 31511010
Thanks for your help Nullable and the thoroughness!
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