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Initialize reference member with default value

Posted on 2008-10-29
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Last Modified: 2010-05-18
Hi This is what I want do in my class ProtocolInfo:
I have two contructors :
ProtocolInfo();
ProtocolInfo(boost::asio::io_service& pIo_service);

when my client calls ProtocolInfo, internally I creates a new ProtocolInfo object and assign to its internal member variable :
boost::asio::io_service&       m_pIo_service; a value which can only be passed in initialization list.

My question is how to creates the original ProtocolInfo with default value since a reference member cannot be initialized with NULL reference in c++?

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Question by:bachra04
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Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 22831469
You have to create a default boost::asio::io_service object, and then you can simply use a default argument :
boost::asio::io_service defaultService;
 
class ProtocolInfo {
  private :
    boost::asio::io_service &m_pIo_service;
 
  public :
    ProtocolInfo(boost::asio::io_service &pIo_service = defaultService) : m_pIo_service(pIo_service) { }
};

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Author Comment

by:bachra04
ID: 22832368
the problem is that I cannot use the operator = (boost::io_service is not copyable only through initalization list).
Also the when the client does that :

ProtocolInfo info;

here I want internally to call the constructor :

ProtocolInfo(),
:m_pIo_service(defaultService)...

but where in the code I declare it ?

Thanks,
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LVL 53

Accepted Solution

by:
Infinity08 earned 2000 total points
ID: 22832487
>> the problem is that I cannot use the operator =

Then you create the default value like this :

        boost::asio::io_service defaultService(the_needed_parameters);

There's no problem.


>> Also the when the client does that :
>> 
>> ProtocolInfo info;

That is already covered by the same constructor. Since the code I posted is using a default argument, it means that if the ProtocolInfo object is constructed by passing an argument, that argument will be used to initialize the reference. If no argument is passed to the constructor, the default value will be used.
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