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MissingPrimaryKeyException Error while Searching an Access Table in VB2008

Posted on 2008-10-29
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Last Modified: 2013-11-08
I'm new to VB2008 and ADO.NET. I've been using VB6 with DAO extensively and have just started to upgrade to VB2008.

I'm using the following code to try to search for a Value in an Access table. The field that I am trying to search is called "ID".

        Dim foundRow As DataRow
        Dim findThis As Object

        findThis = 21844
        foundRow = objDataSet.Tables(0).Rows.Find(findThis)

I'm getting the following error message on the last line, even though the ID field is set in the table as a Primary Key field:

System.Data.MissingPrimaryKeyException was unhandled
  Message="Table doesn't have a primary key."

Any help would be appreciated. Thanks.
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Question by:esmyhs
6 Comments
 
LVL 70

Expert Comment

by:Éric Moreau
ID: 22837117
and was your ID field was retreived in your dataset? can you show the code that fills your dataset?
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Author Comment

by:esmyhs
ID: 22837250
   Dim objConnection As New OleDbConnection _
        ("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data source=C:\CSBView\View.MDB")

    Dim objDataAdapter As New OleDbDataAdapter _
        ("SELECT Nikud.ID, Nikud.text FROM Nikud ORDER BY Nikud.ID", _
         objConnection)

        'Initialize a new instance of the DataSet object...
        objDataSet = New DataSet

        'Fill the DataSet object with data...
        objDataAdapter.Fill(objDataSet, "Nikud")

        'Set the DataView object to the DataSet object...
        objDataView = New DataView(objDataSet.Tables("Nikud"))
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LVL 83

Expert Comment

by:CodeCruiser
ID: 22884271
Hi,
Another approach is to use the RowFilter property of the DataView associate with DataTable.
Here is an example.

objDataSet.Tables(0).DefaultView.RowFilter="ID=" & txtID.text
if objDataSet.Tables(0).DefaultView.Count >0 then
   messagebox.show(objDataSet.Tables(0).DefaultView.item(0).item("Text"))
end if
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LVL 96

Accepted Solution

by:
Bob Learned earned 500 total points
ID: 22885555
If you are using DataTable.Rows.Find, then you need to set DataTable.Primary to a column, like this:

objDataSet.Tables(0).PrimaryKey = New DataColumn(){objDataSet.Tables(0).Columns("PrimaryKey")}
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Author Closing Comment

by:esmyhs
ID: 31511491
Thanks. Greatly appreciated.
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