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How to count users accessing to unix server

Posted on 2008-11-02
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I want to count how many users accessing our unix server.

The unix command should do the following :
i. list all users logged in to the server
ii. list of all users that their id , letsay any user id that has trailing id with "gues2008"
iii. simply count total users in (ii), but no duplication, ie, if there are more than one session user A had accessed, thenit shold considered as one.
iv. if possible , from the list (ii) can differentiate local access or remote access.

Thanks.
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Question by:KG1973
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14 Comments
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:KG1973
ID: 22862342
I had used finger command, but it doesn't tell us the total number of users.
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LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 22862370
finger -l | grep '^Login:' | wc -l
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LVL 68

Expert Comment

by:woolmilkporc
ID: 22862452
Hi,
1.)   'who'
2.) ???
3.) 'who | cut -f1 -d" " | sort | uniq | wc -l'

4.Look at the 4th column of 'who' output. You'll see there the hostnames (or addresses) the users come from.
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Expert Comment

by:woolmilkporc
ID: 22862479
Hi again,

try this one, perhaps its a step towards the answer to question 'ii' :

 lsuser -a gecos $(echo $(who | cut -f1 -d" " |sort | uniq) | tr " " ",")


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Expert Comment

by:woolmilkporc
ID: 22862508
... and in case you don't like the 'gecos=' stuff, please:

 lsuser -a gecos $(echo $(who | cut -f1 -d" " |sort | uniq) | tr " " ",") | sed "s/gecos=//"
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Accepted Solution

by:
Tintin earned 600 total points
ID: 22863231
i.   w
ii.  w | grep gue2008
iii.  who  |  awk '/gues2008/ {print $1}' | sort -u | wc -l
iv. Depends what you mean by 'local'.  Local as in from your network?  Directly connected to the server?
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LVL 1

Author Comment

by:KG1973
ID: 22863528
Hence  the following users logged in to the system :
ABCgue2008
ABCgue2008
HIJgue2008
KLMgue2008
MNOgue2008
PQRgue2008
STUgue2008

if I type this command,  who | grep 'gue2008' | wc -l
This will give the total count of 7. But I don't want to count double entries ( ABCgue2008 ).
Thus the output should be 6.

So what cmd or flag should  I use ?
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LVL 68

Assisted Solution

by:woolmilkporc
woolmilkporc earned 300 total points
ID: 22863536
'who | cut -f1 -d" "  | grep gue2008  | sort | uniq | wc -l'

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Expert Comment

by:Tintin
ID: 22863559
See my answer (iii.) that I've already provided.
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LVL 1

Author Comment

by:KG1973
ID: 22863981
Tintin,
Sorry I missed some flags, thats why it is not working when i try earlier.
Now I am repeating it again, It work. Thanks.
Can you explain what the argument " awk '/gues2008/ {print $1} '" do actually,  mean 1 by 1.
awk ?
{print $1} ?

Also i found that i can also use finger instead of who. Is there any distinctive diff ?

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LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:Tintin
ID: 22864824
The /gues2008/ mean match any line that contains the string 'gues2008'.

print $1 means print the first field (in this case, the user column)
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LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:peter991
ID: 22866013
$> last | grep "still logged in" | awk '{print $1}' | grep gues2008 | sort -u | wc -l
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Expert Comment

by:Saranyakkali
ID: 22867135
The best and simple is check with " last "command.. why cont i gve you that script?

Thanks
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LVL 68

Expert Comment

by:woolmilkporc
ID: 22867220
Hi,
the problem with 'last' is, when you do some pruning/shortening/archiving of your wtmp file, you will loose the records of users who have logged in a longer time ago and are still logged in.
wmp
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