network + exam questions

Posted on 2008-11-11
Last Modified: 2013-12-23
does network + exam require one to know how to subnet ?  do they give you a network ID and ask you to subnet it into 6 networks, for instance, and then find network ID, first valid address, last valid address, and broadcast address.

thank you very much.  and I am referencing current exam NOT The 2009 version.
Question by:systems_ax
    LVL 5

    Expert Comment

    When I took the Network+ exam back in 2001, you needed to know about subnets infofar as what they are and how they work, and what the purpose of the subnet mask is (in TCP/IP land).
    LVL 1

    Author Comment

    but did they actually ask you to subnet a network ID on the exam?
    thank you
    LVL 2

    Expert Comment


    I've never taken the Network+ exam so I couldn't say whether or not they'd ask you those types of subnetting questions.  However, I do know a farily easy way to calculate those types of answers without using a subnet calculator.

    Let me know if you're interested in seeing the method that I use and I'll post a couple of examples.
    LVL 5

    Expert Comment

    I do recall having to identify network and broadcast adresses, but nothing as complex as the question in the original post.
    LVL 1

    Author Comment

    could you please?

    I am using book's method but if you know of a quick method please let me know.  the book goes on to say that 'don't worry about subnetting too much as net + does not concentrate on that" but you never know.

    1 of book example is subnet network ID into "6" subnets.
    thank you very much
    LVL 2

    Expert Comment

    by:dano2112's the method I use.

    First thing I do is identify the starting network mask.  In your example, is a Class B so that would be  So written out in binaryl, we know that mask is 11111111.11111111.00000000.00000000.  What we need to do is "borrow" bits from the host portion until we have borrowed enough to make the required number of subnets.  To do that I write down the host portion in dotted decimal and then below that I'll start writing the power of two until I've turned on enough bits to make the required number of subnets.  Let's take a look:

    Lay out that host portion and start counting from left to right:

    0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   .   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
    1   2   4   8  16 32 64 128. 256 512 1024...

    Ok, now, for every bit we turn on, we multiply by 2.  So:

    Turning on the first bit we get: 1 x 2 = 2 subnets
    Turning on the second we get: 2 x 2 = 4 subnets
    Turning on the third bit we get: 4 x 2 = 8 -2 = 8 subnets  AHA - that gives us enough to satisfy 6!

    So now our network portion, in binary, looks like this:

    1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

    So in dotted decimal, we have a new mask of:

    To find the ranges, we count back right to left until we hit the first bit that turned on in the network portion.  So;

      1    1    1    0    0    0    0    0  
    128 64 32  16   8    4    2    1      So counting right to left, we turned on the 32 bit, so our ranges will be increments of 32's. thru thru thru
    . thru

    So, there's the method I use.  To summarize:

    1. Find your default network mask
    2. Write out the host portion in binary
    3. Count left to right by powers of 2 until you have a number large enough for the number of subnets asked for
    4. Determine how many bits you turned on and then convert back to decimal to get the new mask
    5. Using the binary again, count right to left until you come to the first bit that you turned on.  That bit value will correspond to your range increments.

    I'll post a Class C example in the next message.
    LVL 2

    Expert Comment


    Class C example:

    Given, break this into 30 subnets.

    So, we have:

    The host portion of the mask in binary is:

    0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
    1   2   4   8  16 32 64  128

    Count left to right and multiply by 2:
    1 x 2 = 2 subnets
    2 x 2 = 4 subnets
    4 x 2 = 8 subnets
    8 x 2 = 16 subnets
    16 x 2 = 32 subnets - OK, we stop here!

    Now, write out in binary so we can see how many bits we turned on:
    1   1   1   1   1   0   0   0   = 248 in decimal

    Our new mask is then:

    To find our subnet ranges, count right to left until we come to the first bit that we turned on:
      1    1   1   1   1   0   0   0
    128 64 32 16  8   4   2   1

    Looks like our increments will be in 8's! thru thru thru
    . thru

    Now sometimes, they ask you to identify the first useable IP address in the third range (assuming ip subnet zero) or something similar.  In this case, we would get:

    I'll post a Class A example in the next message.
    LVL 2

    Accepted Solution


    Sorry....I had the Class A example nearly finished and then something happened and I lost the message I was working on!

    If you need the Class A example, let me know and I can re-type it.  Essentially, with the Class A, they generally ask you for a large number of subnets like 2000.  When you're counting from left to right and doubling, you'll end up turning on all of the bits in the second octet but you still won't have enough subnets (128 x 2 = 256).  So, continue to the next octet and keep doubling.  You'd get:

    256 x 2 =  512
    512 x 2 = 1024
    1024 x 2 = 2048   There!  Now we've got enough for 2000 subnets.

    So our new Class A mask would be: because we turned on all of the bits in the second octet and the first three bits in the third octet.

    I hope these examples make sense.  Please let me know if you need any clarification!


    Write Comment

    Please enter a first name

    Please enter a last name

    We will never share this with anyone.

    Featured Post

    How to run any project with ease

    Manage projects of all sizes how you want. Great for personal to-do lists, project milestones, team priorities and launch plans.
    - Combine task lists, docs, spreadsheets, and chat in one
    - View and edit from mobile/offline
    - Cut down on emails

    Suggested Solutions

    Title # Comments Views Activity
    What does this Vista IE 9.0 mean? 9 39
    Free VPN for windows 4 39
    Watchguard XTM 2 32
    New modem? 4 41
    Tired of waiting for your show or movie to load?  Are buffering issues a constant problem with your internet connection?  Check this article out to see if these simple adjustments are the solution for you.
    Data center, now-a-days, is referred as the home of all the advanced technologies. In-fact, most of the businesses are now establishing their entire organizational structure around the IT capabilities.
    Viewers will learn how to connect to a wireless network using the network security key. They will also learn how to access the IP address and DNS server for connections that must be done manually. After setting up a router, find the network security…
    After creating this article (, I decided to make a video (no audio) to show you how to configure the routers and run some trace routes and pings between the 7 sites…

    779 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

    Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

    Join & Ask a Question

    Need Help in Real-Time?

    Connect with top rated Experts

    13 Experts available now in Live!

    Get 1:1 Help Now