regular expression theory [3]

Hello Experts,

I've got two statements concerning theorems about regular expressions:

If L1 is regular, then L1  U  L2 is regular for any language L2.

If L1 and L2 are not regular, then L1 \ L2  [L1 intersection L2]   is not regular.

is any of these statements true ?
if not , can anyone explain me why ?

Thanks in advance for any assistance !
perdoname_Asked:
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ozoCommented:
Consider whether the empty language is regular
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Xyptilon2Commented:
Look at the properties of Regular Expressions.

- An empty set is a regular expression
- If L1 is regular and L2 is regular, then so is the disjunction, if only L1 is regular then we can't say if L2 is unknown.
- Third, we know that for all a there's an alphabet of symbols

So.. the first statement is only true if L2 is regular, otherwise it is false
The second statement, intersection, the opposite is true, If L1 and L2 are regular than so is L1 \ L2.

Perhaps the following link is useful: http://jonah.cs.elon.edu/sduvall2/courses/csc351/2007spring/Lectures/Prop.ppt
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