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MchallinorFlag for United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland asked on

Please help with Left Join in Crystal Reports

I would like to show transactions for all customers and the report should show all customers including those with no records.

I need some suggestions why my Left Join is not working.  
I have attached an image of the links.


Crystal Reports XI
Database = SQL via ODBC connection
DB Reporting ToolsCrystal Reports

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Last Comment
Kurt Reinhardt

8/22/2022 - Mon

Are you doing any record selection?

(Post the SQL for the report)


not ({TProduct.Sales_Cost_Centre} in ["103", "105", "140", "160", "180"]) and
{TProduct.Product_Type} = "f" and
{TInvoice.Invoice_Date} >= DateTime (2007, 01, 01, 00, 00, 00) and
month({TInvoice.Invoice_Date})=month (today) or if day(today)<7 then month({TInvoice.Invoice_Date})=month (today)-1 and
{Customer.Company} = 1

I have modified the Record Selection to only show Invoices for yesterday.

This the SQL Query:

 SELECT "TInvoice"."Invoice", "TInvoice"."Invoice_Date", "TInvoice"."Currency", "TInvoice"."Currency_Rate", "TProduct"."Product", "Brand"."Description", "Product_Group"."Description", "Customer"."Name", "TInvoice"."Base_Invoice_Value", "Area"."Area"
 FROM   ("BOOMLive"."dbo"."Area" "Area" INNER JOIN "BOOMLive"."dbo"."Customer" "Customer" ON ("Area"."Company"="Customer"."Company") AND ("Area"."Area"="Customer"."Area")) LEFT OUTER JOIN ((("BOOMLive"."dbo"."TProduct" "TProduct" INNER JOIN "BOOMLive"."dbo"."TInvoice" "TInvoice" ON ((((("TProduct"."Company"="TInvoice"."Company") AND ("TProduct"."Product"="TInvoice"."Product")) AND ("TProduct"."Matrix_Code_1"="TInvoice"."Matrix_Code_1")) AND ("TProduct"."Matrix_Code_2"="TInvoice"."Matrix_Code_2")) AND ("TProduct"."Matrix_Code_3"="TInvoice"."Matrix_Code_3")) AND ("TProduct"."Matrix_Code_4"="TInvoice"."Matrix_Code_4")) INNER JOIN "BOOMLive"."dbo"."Brand" "Brand" ON ("TProduct"."Company"="Brand"."Company") AND ("TProduct"."Brand"="Brand"."Brand")) INNER JOIN "BOOMLive"."dbo"."Product_Group" "Product_Group" ON ("TProduct"."Company"="Product_Group"."Company") AND ("TProduct"."Product_Group"="Product_Group"."Product_Group")) ON ("Customer"."Customer"="TInvoice"."Customer") AND ("Customer"."Company"="TInvoice"."Company")
 WHERE  ("TInvoice"."Invoice_Date">={ts '2009-01-22 00:00:00'} AND "TInvoice"."Invoice_Date"<{ts '2009-01-23 00:00:00'})

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Walt Forbes

Dear peter,  I think I am showing my lack of experience on this topic.

After stripping back the report to basics, I am starting to understand why the Left Join is not working. It's because I have applied a selection criteria on the TInvoice table.

Therefore I need some suggestions how do I display on the report ALL the customers but only Invoice transactions for the last 7 days.  Still showing all the customer names and values of 0.00 for the customers that did not product any invoice transaction in the last 7 days.

Please advise.

As you have discovered you cannot do selection from the right hand side of a Left join.  If you do, it ereberts to an inner join.

The way through this is to create a query on the right-side table first, which does the selection, , and then join the left-side table to the query.

So in a simple situation you might have...

Select tbl1.* , q1.* from tbl1
Left join
(Select * from tbl2 where field1 = 999) as q1
On tbl1.idfield = q1.idfield

and NOT...
Select tbl1.* , tbl2.* from tbl1
Left join tbl2
On tbl1.idfield = tbl2.idfield
where tbl2.field1 = 999

Mike McCracken

You can also do it this way

Select tbl1.* , tbl2.* from tbl1
Left join tbl2
On tbl1.idfield = tbl2.idfield
AND  tbl2.field1 = 999

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Kurt Reinhardt

As the others have stated, applying a filter to a table that has been left joined implicitly turns the join into an Inner Join.  This is because you remove all the rows that would otherwise be NULL when you explicitly filter against actual values.  After all, if  you specify that a field in the left joined table has a value, it obviously can't be NULL.

Knowing this, you can simply do a check for NULLs in the table that has been left joined, something like this.  Here's a high level example, assuming Table1 is the left table and Table 2 is the right table to which you've left outer joined:

Or {Table2.Field2} = 'ABC123'
And {Table1.Field1} = 'B-I-N-G-O'
//In this example, stipulating that a field from the left joined table can be NULL allows both the NULL records from the left joined table
//and the other records that have been explicitly filtered
//due to the manner in which Crystal Reports handles NULL checking in the selection criteria, I put the NULL check first
//please note, I've also encapsulated the entire filter against the left joined table in parentheses, so that it's evaluated as one statement

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Thanks rhinok , mlmcc and peter.

I completely understand the concept how you can't apply a left join to a table you are applying a selection criteria too.

What I don't understand is how to get around this.  You can given me example SQL code.  And I can understand your basic examples.  But when I am designing a report with Crystal Reports I have no idea how to make the database links with SQL Code.  I only know how to link the fields using the "Database Expert".  I've tried all sorts of things, like putting linking from the transactions table to the customer table and the other way around and applying Left Joins , Right Joins and Full outer Joins.

Am I wasting my time with the "Database Expert" in Crystal Reports and there's another way to create my links????

Thanks in advance.
Mike McCracken

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