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t-sql - how to without a cursor implementation

Posted on 2009-03-30
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Last Modified: 2012-05-06
Here is a very straightford sql to get me counts from the group by clause:

select
count(*) col1
from
tsys..tbl_base
group
by
base_month,
base_year

It returns:

col1
238875
239221
239454
239702
239965
240292
240708
241174
241624
241999
242426


Now without using a cursor I want to add a column to the result set to show the change in count.
Can you show me the sql that might accomplish this?
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Question by:michaelrobertfrench
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6 Comments
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:BryanMI
ID: 24020576
Perhaps I'm not understanding the question...  much like what you did, I built this sample.  Can you tell me what else you're needing to return?
CREATE TABLE #Test (Month int, Year int, data varchar(10))
 
SET NOCOUNT ON
 
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (12, 2008, 'test1')
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (12, 2008, 'test2')
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (12, 2008, 'test3')
 
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (11, 2007, 'test4')
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (11, 2007, 'test5')
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (11, 2007, 'test6')
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (11, 2007, 'test7')
 
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (10, 2007, 'test8')
INSERT #Test (Month, Year, data) VALUES (10, 2007, 'test9')
 
SET NOCOUNT OFF
 
--RETURNS RECORD COUNT BY YEAR
SELECT Count(*) As RecordTotal, Year FROM #Test GROUP BY Year
 
--RETURNS RECORD COUNT BY MONTH AND YEAR
SELECT Count(*) As RecordTotal, Year, Month FROM #Test GROUP BY Year, Month
 
DROP TABLE #Test

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Expert Comment

by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
ID: 24021177
what version of sql server are you using?
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Author Comment

by:michaelrobertfrench
ID: 24022461
sql 2000
0
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Author Comment

by:michaelrobertfrench
ID: 24022517
The result set would look like this:

col1      change_from_prior period
238875      
239221      346
239454      233
239702      248
239965      263
240292      327
240708      416
241174      466
241624      450
241999      375
242426      427

The change_from_prior_period is what I need the sql to provide.  An easy implementation with a cursor or a while loop but I want sql returning this result set.
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LVL 143

Accepted Solution

by:
Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3] earned 2000 total points
ID: 24022590
this should do:
declare @t table ( col1 int, r int identity )
set nocount on
insert into @t (col1)
select count(*) col1
from tsys..tbl_base
group by base_year, base_month
order by base_year, base_month 
 
select t.col1, t.col1 - p.col1
  from @t t
  left join @t p
    on p.r = t.r-1
 order by t.r

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Author Closing Comment

by:michaelrobertfrench
ID: 31564402
Yes - Thank You Very Much
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