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URL rewriting

Posted on 2009-03-31
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
I've pretty much hacked together my .htaccess simply because of the sheer complexity of mod rewrite. In any event, what I've got it doing now is changing

domain.com/index.php
domain.com/about.php
etc...

to

domain.com/index
domain.com/about
etc...

and also, changing

domain.com/index.php?n=1

to

domain.com/news/1

(I'd still rather it pull domain.com/news/news-title-from-database but I'm clueless on that one so a simple id number will have to suffice)

Stupid as this sounds, I just want to make sure what I have is optimal for what I'm trying to achieve, as pointed out above.

Thanks in advance for checking this out.
DirectoryIndex index.php
Options +MultiViews
Options +FollowSymlinks
RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule news/([^\.]*) index.php?n=$1 [NC,L]
RewriteRule home/(.*) index/ [NC,L]

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Question by:kingsburymedia
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5 Comments
 
LVL 27

Expert Comment

by:caterham_www
ID: 24030807
> RewriteRule news/([^\.]*)

matches /other/foo/news/1/foobar as well. I'd restrict it to /news/id

> RewriteRule home/(.*) index/ [NC,L]

If /home should become /index/, I'd use a 301 redirect. Decide whether to use a trailing slash or not, but I wouldn't mix it (your examples above are without a trailing slash).
DirectoryIndex index.php
Options +MultiViews
Options +FollowSymlinks
RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^news/([0-9]+)$ index.php?n=$1 [L]
RewriteRule ^home /index [R=301,NC,L]

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Author Comment

by:kingsburymedia
ID: 24030882
> RewriteRule ^news/([0-9]+)$ index.php?n=$1 [L]

The above could be problematic as I call ?n=all to show the full archive list and if I'm not mistaken, that looks like it is purely searching for a number to pass. I guess I could just change "all" to "0" or something like that...

> RewriteRule ^home /index [R=301,NC,L]

The above will redirect home/ to index/? I was totally confused about trailing slashes and it's been giving me some grief.
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Accepted Solution

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caterham_www earned 2000 total points
ID: 24030949
> I guess I could just change "all" to "0" or something like that...

Yes, or implement it with a logical "or" like

RewriteRule ^news/([0-9]+|all)$ index.php?n=$1 [L]


> The above will redirect home/ to index/? I was totally confused about trailing slashes and it's been giving me some grief.

It'll redirect /home, /home/, /home/foo to /index (in this case w/o a trailing slash. If you want one, just add one).
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LVL 5

Author Comment

by:kingsburymedia
ID: 24031247
I've got it almost perfect for my needs and more importantly, I'm beginning to understand it a bit better. However,

When I follow a link like domain.com/home/, it ends up taking me to domain.com/index/ which is backwards from what I was looking for. Any idea why that would be or how to correct it?
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LVL 5

Author Comment

by:kingsburymedia
ID: 24031607
Well here's what I ended up with and it's working well enough for me (for now at least).

Thanks for the help caterham, much appreciated!
DirectoryIndex index.php
Options +MultiViews
Options +FollowSymlinks
RewriteBase /v2
RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^news/([0-9]+)$ index.php?n=$1 [L]
RewriteRule ^news/$ index.php?n=0 [L]
RewriteRule ^home/ index.php [NC,L]

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