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Delphi Combobox ItemHeight Custom?!

Posted on 2009-04-02
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Last Modified: 2013-11-23
Hello,

I'd like to use a Combobox but with a Custom Height...

I tried to change the property "ItemHeight" but doesnt work, except if i set it style to "csOwnerDrawFixed" or "csOwnerDrawVariable" but i dont want to use at this
style, i want to use in normal style "csDropDown" but with a custom ItemHeigth...

Is it possible? :D

Best Regards,
Carlos
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Question by:cebasso
  • 2
3 Comments
 
LVL 31

Expert Comment

by:Wayne Barron
ID: 24055979
I do not have Delphi installed right now due to a recent reinstall of the system.
But this is what I found on the subject.

===============================================
The control changes its size when the font size changes.
If you want to change the height without changing the font size,
you need to design your own combobox and override the way the height is set.
===============================================

hth
Carrzkiss
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LVL 26

Accepted Solution

by:
Eddie Shipman earned 1500 total points
ID: 24059872
You can also override that using the OnMeasureItem event like in this sample of a Font Combo by Peter Below

unit Unit1;
 
interface
 
uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms,
Dialogs,
  StdCtrls;
 
const
  UM_MEASUREFONTS = WM_USER;
type
  TForm1 = class(TForm)
    ComboBox1: TComboBox;
    procedure FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
    procedure ComboBox1MeasureItem(Control: TWinControl; Index:
Integer;
      var Height: Integer);
    procedure ComboBox1DrawItem(Control: TWinControl; Index: Integer;
      Rect: TRect; State: TOwnerDrawState);
  private
    { Private declarations }
    Procedure UMMeasureFonts( Var msg: TMessage ); message
UM_MEASUREFONTS;
  public
    { Public declarations }
  end;
 
var
  Form1: TForm1;
 
implementation
 
{$R *.DFM}
 
procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
begin
  combobox1.Items := Screen.Fonts;
  combobox1.itemindex := 0;
  // Measure items after form has been shown
  PostMessage( handle, UM_MEASUREFONTS, 0, 0 );
end;
 
procedure TForm1.ComboBox1MeasureItem(Control: TWinControl; Index:
Integer;
  var Height: Integer);
begin
  // Is called too early to be of use, trying to use the controls
canvas
  // to measure items fails since the control is not visible yet.
  // Return design-time size + some extra spacing.
  Height := (Control As TCombobox).ItemHeight+4;
end;
 
procedure TForm1.ComboBox1DrawItem(Control: TWinControl; Index:
Integer;
  Rect: TRect; State: TOwnerDrawState);
var
  cb: TCombobox;
begin
  cb:= Control As TCombobox;
  cb.Canvas.FillRect( rect );
  If (index >= 0) and (index < cb.Items.Count) Then Begin
    If odComboBoxEdit In State Then Begin
      // Draw the edit portion of the control, use the controls
      // design-time font for this since the edit control is
      // fixed height and drawing a bunch of symbols if the selected
      // font is Symbol etc. is not very informative for the user.
      cb.Canvas.Font := cb.Font;
      If odSelected In State Then
       cb.Canvas.Font.Color := clHighlightText;
    End
    Else Begin
      cb.Canvas.Font.Name := cb.Items[index];
      cb.Canvas.Font.Size := 10;
    End;
    cb.Canvas.TextRect( Rect, rect.left+2, rect.top+2, cb.Items[index]
);
  End;
end;
 
procedure TForm1.UMMeasureFonts(var msg: TMessage);
var
  i: Integer;
begin
  // use form canvas for measurements
  canvas.font.size := 10;
  For i := 0 To combobox1.items.count - 1 Do Begin
    canvas.font.name := combobox1.items[i];
    combobox1.perform( CB_SETITEMHEIGHT,
                       i,
                       canvas.TextHeight(combobox1.items[i]));
  End; { For }
 
end;
 
end.

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LVL 26

Expert Comment

by:Eddie Shipman
ID: 24059921
Oh, to use csDropDown and still offer a variation of item height, you'd have to subclass TCustomComboBox and override the CNMeasureItem to call MeasureItem if the FStyle included csDropdown and then inherit your combo from that TCustomCombo.
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