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ColdFusion Validate a Number to Prevent Duplicates

Posted on 2009-04-03
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Last Modified: 2013-12-16
Hello,  I have a ColdFusion form that I need to validate a unique casenumber in an Oracle Database "onBlur" or (somehow prior to the form being submitted to the database).  Can I do this with ColdFusion alone or will I need to incorporate JavaScript?   Is there a best method before I start coding?
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Question by:trizzle29
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Author Comment

by:trizzle29
ID: 24059396
Here is the textfield
<cfinput type="text"
name="casenumber"
size="30"
required="yes"
onvalidate="???"
message="Please enter your Project Case Number!">
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Expert Comment

by:_agx_
ID: 24060822
Unique in what context?  ie
1. Unique in the Oracle database or ...
2. You have 4 fields and you need to verify they all contain a unique number?

If it is #1, the only bullet proof way to do that is within a database query. If #2, you can use javascript.
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Author Comment

by:trizzle29
ID: 24060861
Thanks for your response.
It is #1
With this method is it possible to verify in Coldfusion through query and have the response received (onBlur) prior to submitting the data to the database?  I am trying to prevent the client from entering a duplicate casenumber and receiving the coldfusion error since the casenumber is the primary key.
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LVL 52

Expert Comment

by:_agx_
ID: 24061006
You could use some Ajax to preform a pre-check before submitting the form.  BUT  ... there is no guarantee the case number won't be used in between the time you do the check and do the database insert.  The only bullet proof way is put a cftry/cfcatch around the query to catch the constraint violation. Then display a message if the case number is already in use ie "Please try again"...
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Author Comment

by:trizzle29
ID: 24061025
I will try this and let you know how it turns out.
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Expert Comment

by:_agx_
ID: 24061057
Okay.  I take it the Case Number is not something you can generate automatically. That would avoid the whole issue.
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Author Comment

by:trizzle29
ID: 24061306
Unfortunately the casenumber is assigned in a department that does not want to participate in the automation process.  
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Accepted Solution

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_agx_ earned 500 total points
ID: 24061567
Yes, that is what I figured.   Then the try/catch is your best bullet proof option.
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