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Read binary file with known structure

Posted on 2009-04-03
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Last Modified: 2012-08-14
Hello,
I have to get a string from binary file. But to get it have to parse the file. Fortunately it's structure is known, but some parts size defined by integer numbers in the file. So it goes like this:
integer (4 bytes, little-endian)
integer
unsigned short (2 bytes)
unsigned short
integer
char [length defined by the integer above]
integer
char [length defined by the integer above]
...
...
I need to get the last string of chars above (it's not the last in the file).
My problem is I cannot get integers out of binary stream to determine the size of string after it.
Would you help please? Please use only standard Perl, no libraries.
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Question by:yuk99
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Adam314 earned 500 total points
ID: 24064514
You can use the pack and unpack function to interact with the data.  With these functions, you give them a format code, and they convert from/to data data.

The exact format codes will depend on your data.  For details, see here:
    http://perldoc.perl.org/functions/pack.html
A summary:
  v    An unsigned short (16-bit) in "VAX" (little-endian) order.
  V    An unsigned long (32-bit) in "VAX" (little-endian) order.

##### To get just the first integer
read($FH, $string, 4);   #Read 4 bytes into $string (assumes $FH is your file handle)
my $number = unpack("V", $string);
 
#To get:
#  integer (4 bytes, little-endian)
#  integer  [I'm assuming same type: 4 bytes little-endian]
#  unsigned short (2 bytes)
#  unsigned short
#  integer  [I'm assuming same type: 4 bytes little-endian]
read($FH, $string, 16);  #Read 16 bytes
my ($int1, $int2, $short1, $short2, $int3) = unpack("VVvvV", $string);

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Author Closing Comment

by:yuk99
ID: 31566431
Adam, thank you so much! Works great!
I heard I should use unpack, but could not understand how to use it. You made my day. Thanks!
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