what is the difference between in role seize and role transfer and how we can perform this task?

what is the difference between in role seize and role transfer and how can we  perform these task?
Can you explain step by step.
chandar_bhandariAsked:
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tigermattConnect With a Mentor Commented:

FSMO roles are one of the fundamental components of Active Directory; the define five (5) operations which can only ever be performed at one DC at any one time. With the exception of these roles, Active Directory for the most part is multi-master and any action can be taken against any DC.

An FSMO role TRANSFER is the graceful movement of the roles from a live, working DC to another live DC. This could be performed in any situation - such as if you build a new DC and wish to migrate Active Directory over, or for any other reason. During the process, the current DC holding the role(s) is updated, so it becomes aware it is no longer the role holder.

An FSMO role SEIZE is when a DC holding one (or more) roles has failed and will never return to the network. The roles need to be re-located to a live, working DC. A transfer operation will not succeed because the old DC is not contactable; the roles must therefore be forcefully seized. In other words, it's a transfer operation, but the old DC is never notified the role holders have changed.

If you perform a seizure of the FSMO roles from a DC, you need to ensure two things: the current holder is actually dead and offline, and that the old DC will NEVER return to the network. If you do an FSMO role Seize and then bring the previous holder back online, you'll have a problem.

-Matt
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chandar_bhandariAuthor Commented:
thanks .. Matt
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