Can someone please check my Matlab code to rotate a hyperbola and see what I am doing wrong

Posted on 2009-04-05
Last Modified: 2016-02-10
Please find the attached pdf tutorial for matlab and multilateration.

page 4. Please see code in the codebox below however when run it does not rotate the hyperbola as per the picture on page 4. It is in a different position?

Why is this?
% Program to plot the hyperbola

% y^2/a^2 - x^2/b^2 = 1

% The hyperbolae are open up/down, so that x is the independent variable

% for plotting. (Using the form x^2/a^2 - y^2/b^2 = 1 requires that y be

% the independent variable, which is awkward programming-wise.)

clear % all variables

figure(1), hold off % start a new figure

set(gca,'FontSize',14) % adjust fontsize

xmax = 30; ymax = 20;

x = linspace(-xmax,xmax,1001);


a = 5; b = 3;

theta=60*pi/180; % in radians, 1 radian = 180/pi degrees



y=sqrt(((x.^2)./(b^2)+1).*a^2); % corresponding y values

[xout,yout] = xfm1(x,y,theta,xoff,yoff); % rotation and shift



hold on % add to current plot

[xout,yout] = xfm1(x,-y,theta,xoff,yoff); % rotation and shift of negative part

plot(xout,yout) % Plot other half of hyperbola


axis([-xmax xmax -ymax ymax]) % specify axis limits




% Add axes

plot([0 0],[-ymax ymax],'k') % y axis

plot([-xmax xmax],[0 0],'k') % x axis

title(['Hyperbola $y^2/a^2 - x^2/b^2 = 1$; $a$ = ', num2str(a), ...

', $b$ = ', num2str(b),';'],'Interpreter','latex')

% Add axes

plot([0 0],[-ymax ymax],'k') % y axis (black line - k)

plot([-xmax xmax],[0 0],'k') % x axis

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Question by:jtiernan2008
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LVL 15

Expert Comment

ID: 24073370
I got almost the same figure as on your tutorial with this code without changing anything. I used the same xfm1 function file as we discussed before.
Do you get any figure with this code. If yes, how it's different from what you need? If no, do you get any errors?

Author Comment

ID: 24081290
thanks for your response

yes, I know I must be doing something wrong....
please see the attached with the code run and a screenshot from the tutorial.
It appears to not rotate the same.
LVL 15

Expert Comment

ID: 24081361
Change your rotation matrix in xfm1 function. I think we discussed this before. Change the sign for sines.
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LVL 15

Expert Comment

ID: 24081392

Author Comment

ID: 24081503
"BTW I think you made a wrong rotation matrix. No, it's correct, but rotate in not usual direction. It should be
xfm = [cos(theta) -sin(theta); ...
      sin(theta) cos(theta"

=> But it is the same as you can see below;
function [xout,yout] = xfm1(xin,yin,theta,x_offset,y_offset)

% Program to rotate and translate x,y values from x",y" to x,y space.

% Written to plot hyperbolas for time of arrival code.

% theta value assumed to be in radians.

%  rotation matrix

xfm = [cos(theta) -sin(theta); ...

      sin(theta) cos(theta)];

% make x,y values into a column vector

r_in = [xin; yin];

% rotate 

r_out = xfm*r_in;

x = r_out(1,:); y = r_out(2,:);

xout = x + x_offset; 

yout = y + y_offset;

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LVL 15

Accepted Solution

yuk99 earned 500 total points
ID: 24081599
Usually positive angles rotate counterwise, negative clockwise. If you want opposite direction, just change both sines signes in rotatino matrix, or use negative angle. Again line along y axis has 0 degree.

Author Closing Comment

ID: 31566782
thanks a million..
I understand now

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