Go Premium for a chance to win a PS4. Enter to Win

x
?
Solved

Creating a Matrix in perl...

Posted on 2009-04-05
5
Medium Priority
?
1,806 Views
Last Modified: 2012-08-13
I'm doing a computation and that will result in 3 variable (Document name, document value, document term frequency) The values of the computation is in 3 separate variable, so I was thinking of grouping the values into an array or hash so I can sort the result of the computation by the following rules.

The highest document value and the highest term frequency.

here is a sample data

doc1, 0.002, 1
doc2, 0.012, 2
doc3, 0.032, 1

the search Martrix should be like this

doc2, 0.012, 2
doc3, 0.032, 1
doc1, 0.002, 1

How can I create a matrix in perl? or an array of array?
0
Comment
Question by:Trexgreen
  • 3
  • 2
5 Comments
 
LVL 40

Accepted Solution

by:
mrjoltcola earned 2000 total points
ID: 24072777
You can do it in a hash, then use sort on one of the values by providing a sort routine.


#!/usr/bin/perl
 
my %docs;
 
$docs{doc1} = { value => 0.002, freq => 1 };
$docs{doc2} = { value => 0.012, freq => 2 };
$docs{doc3} = { value => 0.032, freq => 1 };
 
print "Unsorted\n";
foreach my $doc (keys %docs) {
   print "$doc $docs{$doc}->{freq}\n";
}
 
print "Sorted\n";
foreach my $doc (sort {$docs{$b}->{freq} <=> $docs{$a}->{freq}} keys %docs) {
   print "$doc $docs{$doc}->{freq}\n";
}

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:mrjoltcola
ID: 24072783
And to change the sort column, change the expression

   $docs{$b}->{freq} <=> $docs{$a}->{freq}

to use whichever column to sort by. Note $b is before $a because you wanted descending sort.
0
 

Author Comment

by:Trexgreen
ID: 24072836
can I sort two columns at once?

I want to have the highes freq and the value
0
 

Author Comment

by:Trexgreen
ID: 24072852
Just found this... I guess I can use this to sort the result

http://search.cpan.org/~dcantrell/Sort-MultipleFields-1.0/lib/Sort/MultipleFields.pm
0
 
LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:mrjoltcola
ID: 24072882
You can, it depends really on what you want. The <=> and cmp operators compare 2 values and return -1, 0 or 1. But you can write a sort function that makes it clearer.

So basically comparing the 1st column, if they are not equivalent, return the sort order just based on 1st column, but if they are equivalent, then return sort based on 2nd.

There may be an even more elegant solution to this, but this is how I would do it.

Keep in mind this is sorting on the fly. If you want to maintain a sorted datastructure with many items, you probably should sort them as you store them.
#!/usr/bin/perl
 
my %docs;
 
$docs{doc1} = { value => 0.002, freq => 1 };
$docs{doc2} = { value => 0.012, freq => 2 };
$docs{doc3} = { value => 0.032, freq => 1 };
$docs{doc4} = { value => 0.032, freq => 2 };
 
print "Unsorted\n";
foreach my $doc (keys %docs) {
   print "$doc $docs{$doc}->{value} $docs{$doc}->{freq}\n";
}
 
print "Sorted\n";
foreach my $doc (sort sort2desc keys %docs) {
   print "$doc $docs{$doc}->{value} $docs{$doc}->{freq}\n";
}
 
sub sort2desc {
   if($docs{$b}->{freq} > $docs{$a}->{freq}) {
      return 1;
   }
   elsif($docs{$b}->{freq} < $docs{$a}->{freq}) {
      return -1;
   }
   else {
      # 1st field equal, so sort by 2nd field
      return $docs{$b}->{value} <=> $docs{$a}->{value};
   }
}

Open in new window

0

Featured Post

Concerto's Cloud Advisory Services

Want to avoid the missteps to gaining all the benefits of the cloud? Learn more about the different assessment options from our Cloud Advisory team.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

I've just discovered very important differences between Windows an Unix formats in Perl,at least 5.xx.. MOST IMPORTANT: Use Unix file format while saving Your script. otherwise it will have ^M s or smth likely weird in the EOL, Then DO NOT use m…
Email validation in proper way is  very important validation required in any web pages. This code is self explainable except that Regular Expression which I used for pattern matching. I originally published as a thread on my website : http://www…
Explain concepts important to validation of email addresses with regular expressions. Applies to most languages/tools that uses regular expressions. Consider email address RFCs: Look at HTML5 form input element (with type=email) regex pattern: T…
Six Sigma Control Plans

877 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question