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Using CASE in A WHERE Clause

Posted on 2009-04-05
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Medium Priority
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Last Modified: 2012-05-06
I am trying to use CASE in a WHERE clause but NO LUCK as I get incorrect syntax?

I want to return results where Start is > Getdate - 1t minutes

On the question preview I cannot see the plus signs so it should be like this

'tblFileList.ListDate (plus sign) ColumnData'
SELECT
	tblOrder.CaseID,
	tblOrder.OrderID,
	tblOrderTask.Alert,
	tblOrderTask.TaskID,
	CASE
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 0 THEN tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 1 THEN DATEADD(n, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 2 THEN DATEADD(hh, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 3 THEN DATEADD(dd, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 4 THEN DATEADD(ww, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 5 THEN DATEADD(mm, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
	END As Start
FROM
	tblOrder
INNER JOIN
	tblOrderTask
ON
	tblOrder.OrderID = tblOrderTask.OrderID
INNER JOIN
	tblFileListColumn
INNER JOIN
	tblFileList
ON
	tblFileListColumn.FileListID = tblFileList.FileListID
ON
	tblOrder.CaseID = tblFileList.CaseId
INNER JOIN
	tblDuration
ON
	tblOrderTask.AlertDurationID = tblDuration.DurationID
WHERE
	(tblOrderTask.Alert = 1)
AND
	(tblFileListColumn.ColumnTypeID = 1)
AND
	(tblOrderTask.TaskStatusID > 2)
AND
	CASE
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 0 THEN (tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 1 THEN DATEADD(n, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 2 THEN DATEADD(hh, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 3 THEN DATEADD(dd, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 4 THEN DATEADD(ww, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 5 THEN DATEADD(mm, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
	END

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Question by:MMTadmin
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6 Comments
 
LVL 25

Assisted Solution

by:lwadwell
lwadwell earned 1600 total points
ID: 24073672
Hi MMTadmin,

The comparison in the where cannot be inside the CASE, but the data you wish to use in the comparison can be returned by the CASE ... try

lwadwell
AND
      CASE
            WHEN AlertDurationID = 0 THEN (tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)  
            WHEN AlertDurationID = 1 THEN DATEADD(n, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) 
            WHEN AlertDurationID = 2 THEN DATEADD(hh, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) 
            WHEN AlertDurationID = 3 THEN DATEADD(dd, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) 
            WHEN AlertDurationID = 4 THEN DATEADD(ww, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) 
            WHEN AlertDurationID = 5 THEN DATEADD(mm, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) 
      END > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())

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Author Comment

by:MMTadmin
ID: 24073699
Line 13: Incorrect syntax near '>'. same as I was getting before
0
 
LVL 2

Accepted Solution

by:
MMTadmin earned 0 total points
ID: 24073711
You were correct - thanks

WHERE
	(tblOrderTask.Alert = 1)
AND
	(tblFileListColumn.ColumnTypeID = 1)
AND
	(tblOrderTask.TaskStatusID > 2)
AND
	CASE
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 0 THEN tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 1 THEN DATEADD(n, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 2 THEN DATEADD(hh, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 3 THEN DATEADD(dd, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 4 THEN DATEADD(ww, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
		WHEN AlertDurationID = 5 THEN DATEADD(mm, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData)
	END < DATEADD(n, -15, GETDATE())

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LVL 75

Assisted Solution

by:Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins earned 400 total points
ID: 24073727
Try it this way:
WHERE	tblOrderTask.Alert = 1
		AND tblFileListColumn.ColumnTypeID = 1
		AND tblOrderTask.TaskStatusID > 2
		AND	(
			AlertDurationID = 0 And (tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
			Or AlertDurationID = 1 And DATEADD(n, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
			Or AlertDurationID = 2 And DATEADD(hh, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
			Or AlertDurationID = 3 And DATEADD(dd, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
			Or AlertDurationID = 4 And DATEADD(ww, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
			Or AlertDurationID = 5 And DATEADD(mm, AlertStart, tblFileList.ListDate + ColumnData) > DATEADD(n, -15,GETDATE())
			)

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Author Comment

by:MMTadmin
ID: 24073754
Sorry I mucked up everything the web site went crazy on me  ;-)
0
 
LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:Anthony Perkins
ID: 24073791
>>Response was good - to acperkins, thanks for answering the question also I appreciate it, when I get enough data I will try that .. but I am wondering how that even works,an OR instead of a case ... weird ;-)<<
Actually it is quite the opposite.  There is very rarely a need to use a CASE statement in a WHERE clause and in general it should be avoided for exactly the reason you have discovered:  It is a PITA to debug.
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