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Cisco PIX 506E - refine configuration for 2nd IP

Posted on 2009-04-13
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Last Modified: 2012-05-06
I have a Cisco PIX 506e that is replacing a 501.  We have 2 static IP addresses - 12.34.56.193 and 12.34.56.196 (used for VOIP) and the configuration below works fine but I am concerned about all the ports being opened for security issues.  The VOIP phone specs indicate that the following ports need to be opened for the phone to function:
UDP Port 5000-6200 for Incoming and Outgoing
TCP Port 5566 Incoming and Outgoing
5566 needs to be forwarded to the IP Phone system.

Below is the current configuration that work fine:
cisco-pix(config)# show config
: Saved
PIX Version 6.3(5)
interface ethernet0 10full
interface ethernet1 10full
nameif ethernet0 outside security0
nameif ethernet1 inside security100
hostname cisco-pix
domain-name domain.com
fixup protocol dns maximum-length 512
fixup protocol ftp 21
fixup protocol h323 h225 1720
fixup protocol h323 ras 1718-1719
fixup protocol http 80
fixup protocol ils 389
fixup protocol rsh 514
fixup protocol rtsp 554
fixup protocol sip 5060
fixup protocol sip udp 5060
fixup protocol skinny 2000
fixup protocol smtp 25
fixup protocol sqlnet 1521
fixup protocol tftp 69
names
name 192.168.1.102 domainpdc
name 192.168.1.103 domaindc1
access-list 101 permit ip 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.0.50.0 255.255.255.0
access-list 101 permit ip host 192.168.1.13 10.0.50.0 255.255.255.0
access-list 101 permit ip host 192.168.1.11 10.0.50.0 255.255.255.0
access-list 101 permit ip host 192.168.1.115 10.0.50.0 255.255.255.0
access-list 101 permit ip any 10.0.25.0 255.255.255.192
access-list acl-out permit icmp any any
access-list acl-out permit tcp any host 12.23.34.193 eq 3389
access-list acl-out permit udp any host 12.23.34.193 eq 3389
access-list acl-out permit ip any host 12.23.34.196
access-list 90 permit ip 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.0.50.0 255.255.255.0
access-list outside_cryptomap_dyn_30 permit ip any 10.0.25.0 255.255.255.192
pager lines 24
logging on
logging buffered errors
logging trap debugging
logging host inside 192.168.1.100
mtu outside 1500
mtu inside 1500
ip address outside 12.23.34.193 255.255.255.0
ip address inside 192.168.1.199 255.255.255.0
ip audit info action alarm
ip audit attack action alarm
ip local pool ippool 10.0.50.1-10.0.50.254
ip local pool vpnpool 10.0.25.2-10.0.25.51
pdm location 192.168.1.11 255.255.255.255 inside
pdm location 192.168.1.13 255.255.255.255 inside
pdm location 192.168.1.68 255.255.255.255 inside
pdm location 192.168.1.100 255.255.255.255 inside
pdm location abbatrondc1 255.255.255.255 inside
pdm location 192.168.1.115 255.255.255.255 inside
pdm location 192.168.1.0 255.0.0.0 inside
pdm location 206.126.161.196 255.255.255.255 outside
pdm location 10.0.50.0 255.255.255.0 outside
pdm logging informational 100
pdm history enable
arp timeout 14400
global (outside) 1 interface
nat (inside) 0 access-list 101
nat (inside) 1 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0 0
static (inside,outside) tcp interface 3389 abbatrondc1 3389 netmask 255.255.2
255 0 0
static (inside,outside) udp interface 3389 abbatrondc1 3389 netmask 255.255.2
255 0 0
static (inside,outside) 12.23.34.196 192.168.1.68 netmask 255.255.255.255 0 0
access-group acl-out in interface outside
route outside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 12.23.34.1 1
timeout xlate 3:00:00
timeout conn 1:00:00 half-closed 0:10:00 udp 0:02:00 rpc 0:10:00 h225 1:00:00
timeout h323 0:05:00 mgcp 0:05:00 sip 0:30:00 sip_media 0:02:00
timeout sip-disconnect 0:02:00 sip-invite 0:03:00
timeout uauth 0:05:00 absolute
aaa-server TACACS+ protocol tacacs+
aaa-server TACACS+ max-failed-attempts 3
aaa-server TACACS+ deadtime 10
aaa-server RADIUS protocol radius
aaa-server RADIUS max-failed-attempts 3
aaa-server RADIUS deadtime 10
aaa-server LOCAL protocol local
http server enable
http 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 inside
no snmp-server location
no snmp-server contact
snmp-server community public
no snmp-server enable traps
floodguard enable
sysopt connection permit-ipsec
crypto ipsec transform-set myset esp-des esp-md5-hmac
crypto ipsec transform-set ESP-3DES-SHA esp-3des esp-sha-hmac
crypto dynamic-map dynmap 10 set transform-set myset
crypto dynamic-map dynmap 30 match address outside_cryptomap_dyn_30
crypto dynamic-map dynmap 30 set transform-set ESP-3DES-SHA
crypto map mymap 10 ipsec-isakmp dynamic dynmap
crypto map mymap interface outside
isakmp enable outside
isakmp enable inside
isakmp identity address
isakmp policy 10 authentication pre-share
isakmp policy 10 encryption des
isakmp policy 10 hash md5
isakmp policy 10 group 2
isakmp policy 10 lifetime 86400
isakmp policy 30 authentication pre-share
isakmp policy 30 encryption 3des
isakmp policy 30 hash sha
isakmp policy 30 group 2
isakmp policy 30 lifetime 86400
telnet 192.168.1.0 255.0.0.0 inside
telnet timeout 5
ssh 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 outside
ssh 206.126.161.196 255.255.255.255 outside
ssh timeout 60
console timeout 0
dhcpd lease 3600
dhcpd ping_timeout 750
dhcpd auto_config outside
terminal width 80
cisco-pix(config)#

Does anyone have any suggestion that might help refine the port distribution.
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Question by:mikeplastic
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by:andrewis
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the following config should do the job for you

conf t
no access-list acl-out permit ip any host 12.23.34.196 <-- this removes the any rule
access-list acl-out permit tcp any host 12.23.34.196 eq 5566 <-- allows only TCP port 5566
access-list acl-out permit udp any host 12.23.34.196 range 5000 6200 <-- allows UDP range 5000 to 6200

These ports will already be forwarded to your internal IP phone system as your static NAT is configured correctly. All ports will be open outbound as there is no existing ACL attached to your inside interface  - traffic passing from a higher to lower security level will be allowed by default.

also double check this rule

access-list acl-out permit udp any host 12.23.34.193 eq 3389

its not likely that you need to have UDP 3389 allowed to this sever. RDP works off TCP 3389 only



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by:mikeplastic
Comment Utility
Thank you!  I will be testing this within 1 week!!
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by:
shirkan earned 500 total points
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Everything Andrew says is right, i just wanted to add this

static (inside,outside) 12.23.34.196 192.168.1.68 netmask 255.255.255.255 0 0
access-group acl-out in interface outside
access-list acl-out permit ip any host 12.23.34.196

with these lines you have practically rendered the firewall useless since you allow everything from the internet to hit the server at 12.23.34.196

also i would suggest you come up with an access-list for the inside interface, so you can control what goes out to the internet.
Everything open from the LAN side also means everything open for any virus, trojan, backdoor etc
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Author Comment

by:mikeplastic
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I am still testing so I do not have results.  I cannot get the PIX to access the internet.  I am going to put out another case on that and then come back to this.
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