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Detect when a PENDRIVER is inserted

Posted on 2009-04-15
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Last Modified: 2012-05-06
how to detect when a pendriver is inserted ? or any removible driver ?

i want a function for use in timer for preference, when a driver is loaded it show the label "driver F: \ is inserted"
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Question by:MelissaCandyGirl
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4 Comments
 
LVL 18

Expert Comment

by:Johnjces
ID: 24150737
This was answered a day or so ago with an enhancement.

See component code below, which I probably obtained from the Swiss Delphi Center or About.com

John

Google is my friend!
// Component to detect when usb devices are connected or disconnected
// using RegisterDeviceNotification
 
unit U_Usb;
 
interface
 
uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Forms;
 
type
 
  PDevBroadcastHdr  = ^DEV_BROADCAST_HDR;
  DEV_BROADCAST_HDR = packed record
    dbch_size: DWORD;
    dbch_devicetype: DWORD;
    dbch_reserved: DWORD;
  end;
 
  PDevBroadcastDeviceInterface  = ^DEV_BROADCAST_DEVICEINTERFACE;
  DEV_BROADCAST_DEVICEINTERFACE = record
    dbcc_size: DWORD;
    dbcc_devicetype: DWORD;
    dbcc_reserved: DWORD;
    dbcc_classguid: TGUID;
    dbcc_name: short;
  end;
 
const
  GUID_DEVINTERFACE_USB_DEVICE: TGUID = '{A5DCBF10-6530-11D2-901F-00C04FB951ED}';
  DBT_DEVICEARRIVAL          = $8000;          // system detected a new device
  DBT_DEVICEREMOVECOMPLETE   = $8004;          // device is gone
  DBT_DEVTYP_DEVICEINTERFACE = $00000005;      // device interface class
 
type
 
  TComponentUSB = class(TComponent)
  private
    FWindowHandle: HWND;
    FOnUSBArrival: TNotifyEvent;
    FOnUSBRemove: TNotifyEvent;
    procedure WndProc(var Msg: TMessage);
    function USBRegister: Boolean;
  protected
    procedure WMDeviceChange(var Msg: TMessage); dynamic;
  public
    constructor Create(AOwner: TComponent); override;
    destructor Destroy; override;
  published
    property OnUSBArrival: TNotifyEvent read FOnUSBArrival write FOnUSBArrival;
    property OnUSBRemove: TNotifyEvent read FOnUSBRemove write FOnUSBRemove;
  end;
 
implementation
 
constructor TComponentUSB.Create(AOwner: TComponent);
begin
  inherited Create(AOwner);
  FWindowHandle := AllocateHWnd(WndProc);
  USBRegister;
end;
 
destructor TComponentUSB.Destroy;
begin
  DeallocateHWnd(FWindowHandle);
  inherited Destroy;
end;
 
procedure TComponentUSB.WndProc(var Msg: TMessage);
begin
  if (Msg.Msg = WM_DEVICECHANGE) then 
  begin
    try
      WMDeviceChange(Msg);
    except
      Application.HandleException(Self);
    end;
  end
  else
    Msg.Result := DefWindowProc(FWindowHandle, Msg.Msg, Msg.wParam, Msg.lParam);
end;
 
procedure TComponentUSB.WMDeviceChange(var Msg: TMessage);
var
  devType: Integer;
  Datos: PDevBroadcastHdr;
begin
  if (Msg.wParam = DBT_DEVICEARRIVAL) or (Msg.wParam = DBT_DEVICEREMOVECOMPLETE) then 
  begin
    Datos := PDevBroadcastHdr(Msg.lParam);
    devType := Datos^.dbch_devicetype;
    if devType = DBT_DEVTYP_DEVICEINTERFACE then 
    begin // USB Device
      if Msg.wParam = DBT_DEVICEARRIVAL then 
      begin
        if Assigned(FOnUSBArrival) then
          FOnUSBArrival(Self);
      end 
      else 
      begin
        if Assigned(FOnUSBRemove) then
          FOnUSBRemove(Self);
      end;
    end;
  end;
end;
 
function TComponentUSB.USBRegister: Boolean;
var
  dbi: DEV_BROADCAST_DEVICEINTERFACE;
  Size: Integer;
  r: Pointer;
begin
  Result := False;
  Size := SizeOf(DEV_BROADCAST_DEVICEINTERFACE);
  ZeroMemory(@dbi, Size);
  dbi.dbcc_size := Size;
  dbi.dbcc_devicetype := DBT_DEVTYP_DEVICEINTERFACE;
  dbi.dbcc_reserved := 0;
  dbi.dbcc_classguid  := GUID_DEVINTERFACE_USB_DEVICE;
  dbi.dbcc_name := 0;
 
  r := RegisterDeviceNotification(FWindowHandle, @dbi,
    DEVICE_NOTIFY_WINDOW_HANDLE
    );
  if Assigned(r) then Result := True;
end;
 
end.

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Author Comment

by:MelissaCandyGirl
ID: 24151396
gimme  exemple: how to use in a timer.
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LVL 18

Accepted Solution

by:
Johnjces earned 500 total points
ID: 24151462
You don't need a timer. When a pendrive, USB drive etc. is inserted or removed, it fires the appropriate event.

I.E.
 property OnUSBArrival: TNotifyEvent read FOnUSBArrival write FOnUSBArrival;
 property OnUSBRemove: TNotifyEvent read FOnUSBRemove write FOnUSBRemove;

You would install this as a component.

John
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Author Closing Comment

by:MelissaCandyGirl
ID: 31570551
ok
0

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