meaning of const void * const pMem

Hi,

I want to understand menaing of "meaning of const void * const pMem"

thanks
palhadeAsked:
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Infinity08Commented:
The trick is to read from right to left :

        "pMem is a const pointer (*) to a const void"

So, it's a const pointer, meaning that the pointer itself cannot be modified.
And, it's pointing to const data, meaning that we cannot modify that data by using this pointer.
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peetmCommented:
pMem is a constant pointer to a constant void

However, it might be best to take the void out, and consider something like this instead

const int * const p

Here, p is a constant pointer to a constant int - meaning that you cannot [should not ;-) ] alter the pointer's value, OR the value of the int pointed to.


So,

int n = 0;

const int * const p = &n;

You cannot do, for example, p++, or *p = 1;


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evilrixSenior Software Engineer (Avast)Commented:
>> const void * const pMem
It is a constant pointer to a constant type of void. The void pointer is a generic pointer type that can be set to point to any object. It is often used in C to allow the address of unknown objects to be passed to a function. For example, think of memcpy that uses this pointer type. In C++ it has very little use because (a) C++ focuses on things being type safe and (b) C++ has templates.
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Infinity08Commented:
Or, in code :
int value = 5;
int value2 = 10;
 
/* const pointer-to-const : */
const int * const p1 = &value;
p1 = &value2;                    /* ERROR : cannot modify p1, since it's a const pointer */
*p1 = 20;                        /* ERROR : cannot modify *p1, since p1 is a pointer-to-const */
 
/* pointer-to-const : */
const int *p2 = &value;
p2 = &value2;                    /* OK */
*p2 = 20;                        /* ERROR : cannot modify *p2, since p2 is a pointer-to-const */
 
/* const pointer : */
int * const p3 = &value;
p3 = &value2;                    /* ERROR : cannot modify p3, since it's a const pointer */
*p3 = 20;                        /* OK */
 
/* pointer : */
int * p4 = &value;
p4 = &value2;                    /* OK */
*p4 = 20;                        /* OK */

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itsmeandnobodyelseCommented:
Let me try also an attempt (not cause any of the above comments was wrong or incomplete but to maybe set a different focus).

Let's first remove the const keywords (they have been explained excellently above). Then we have

  void * pMem;

That can be read in two ways:

(A)
It defines a pointer variable pointing to a void type

(B)
It defines a variable of  type void pointer.

The (A) often was used by C programmers (though not in the explanations above) and also by the C or C++ compiler. Here a pointer is just another way to access the 'real' data and there are little to no differences in the semantics using a pointer or a non-pointer. You often can recognize the (A) 'view' when the asterisk is placed directly at the variable and not at the type:

  void *pMem;

The (B) 'view' is favorite of most C++ programmers, but not only. If someone writes

   void* pMem;  

you can be sure that it is a (B) programmer ;-)

If you see  

   void * pMem;

(what is my current project style) it is indifferent (but probably a B).

But even in pure C you might find a statement like

typedef void *  VOIDPTR;

what is a obvious commitment to (B).





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alb66Commented:
Here you can reade more about const declaration:
"The C++ 'const' Declaration: Why & How"
http://duramecho.com/ComputerInformation/WhyHowCppConst.html
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Infinity08Commented:
May I ask why you gave a B grade ? That usually means that something was missing in the answer and/or that something is still unclear. If that's the case, then please do not hesitate to ask for clarification where needed.
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