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How to configure WINS for good performance

Hi friends !

I have configured DHCP, DNS, AD, Exchange, ISA in domain environment and I feel I have basic idea about these servers. But I have never configured WINS.

Please tell me how to configure WINS for good performance (Best practice of configuring WINS options). I also want that this WINS must work well together with DHCP Server.

I have a single Workgroup network with capacity of 500 hosts with a single DHCP server. Clients need Host Name Resolution ONLY for Printing and File Sharing. For Website Name Resolution, they will go to ISP DNS Servers. (I have set it in DHCP Scope)

Note: I don't want to use DNS / AD right now due to some approval not passed.

Regards.
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JatinHemant
Asked:
JatinHemant
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5 Solutions
 
oBdACommented:
WINS isn't very demanding, especially if there is no replication involved; just install the service on your DC, and configure all machines to use it.
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theras2000Commented:
I can think of 1 suggestion:
1. Disable the Messenger service on clients of not needed, as this causes an extra entry NetBIOS entry for every client in the WINS DB

Here's an MS article titled WINS Best Practices.  Sounds perfect for you.  http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc784459.aspx
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JatinHemantAuthor Commented:
Thanks for your comments.

***Disable the Messenger service on clients of not needed, as this causes an extra entry NetBIOS entry for every client in the WINS DB***

Messenger services means Yahoo, Skype, Googletalk !!! Am I right ?

And also, I read in a WINS article that "WINS first must register itself in the Database before serving clients, if it is not registered, it won't work"

So tell me, is this registration is automatic ?

Regards.

Regards.
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oBdACommented:
The messenger service would be the service with the same name in your services.msc, it has nothing to do with IM; but you normally don't need to worry about it, the messenger service is disabled by default in XP, and besides, those 500 entries won't do any harm on the WINS server.
The WINS server will automatically register itself in WINS when booting (provided that it's actually pointing to itself for WINS ...)
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JatinHemantAuthor Commented:
Well...

I have setup the WINS Server and DHCP Server on the same (single) machine. The DHCP Scope Options are:

IP Address Range: 172.20.0.1 - 172.20.1.254
IP Address excluded from distribution: 172.20.0.1 - 172.20.0.5
003 Router: 172.20.0.1
006 DNS Servers: xxx.yy.zz.10, xxx.yy.zz.11 (ISP DNS Servers, for Website Address Resolution)
0044 WINS/NBNS Servers: 172.20.0.3
046 WINS/NBT Node Type: 0x2 (P-node)

See that I have configured all DHCP clients as P-node (So that they will directly contact WINS for name resolution).

Please tell me...

Will it help in REDUCING BROADCASTS in the network ?

Regards.
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oBdACommented:
With a WINS server present, the node type by default is 0x8 (query WINS server first, only then try a broadcast); I'd recommend using that.
If you didn't have a WINS server yet, but NetBIOS enabled, then using a WINS server from now on will drastically reduce the NetBIOS broadcasts, yes.
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theras2000Commented:
Yes, the clients will make no broadcasts with P-node.  H-node is probably safer, as it will use WINS but then broadcast if the WINS server is down.
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JatinHemantAuthor Commented:
Thanks to both of you.

I have some doubts about how DHCP and WINS will work together for best services. But let me ask it later on. For now, let me award the points

Enjoy weekends.
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