Windows Server 2003 Parent and Child folders permission issue

I added a user for the read permission with 'Read & Execute', 'List Folder Contents and 'Read' to the sub-sub-folder (child folder); but,  I didn't add the user to the parent folder and its sub-folder. I tried to create a shortcut for the folder on his pc, the folder became the unrecognizable icon and there was no target path in the properties. I didn't add him to the parent folder because he could access only the child folder. Do I have to add him to the parent folder in order to access to the child folder? How can I set up the NTFS permissions for him to access to the only child folder, not to the parent folder?

Thank you for your advice in advance.
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Tech110Author Commented:
I made it work using 'List Folders Contents' in the parent folders and giving the read permission to the child folder.
Hypercat (Deb)Commented:
Unless the child folder is set up as a separate shared resource, you have to give the user at least "Traverse folder/execute files" access to the parent folder(s), up to the highest level of the shared resource. This specific setting can be found in the Special permissions by clicking the Advanced button on the Security tab and then clicking "Add" or "Edit" to set special permissions for a particular user or group.
Tech110Author Commented:

I added the special permission to the user at the highest level folder; but, I got the message for 'Access Denied'. I checked 'Replace Permission entries on all child objects with entries shown here that apply to child objects'; but the access was denied.
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