What are runts, giants, throttles

Hi experts,

On a Cisco 4506 with a WS-X4548-GB-RJ45V line card, when I look at an interface, what are RUNTS, GIANTS, THROTTLES? what do they mean and what causes them?
typertecAsked:
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ZoooinkCommented:
Taken from the above link:

RUNTS
Number of packets that are discarded because they are smaller than the medium's minimum packet size. For instance, any Ethernet packet that is less than 64 bytes is considered a runt.

GIANTS
Number of packets that are discarded because they exceed the medium's maximum packet size. For example, any Ethernet packet that is greater than 1,518 bytes is considered a giant.

THROTTLES
Number of times the receiver on the port was disabled, possibly due to buffer or processor overload.
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jovel de lumenCommented:
thanks for this!
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