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Connecting to Oracle in Eclipse 3.4.2

Posted on 2009-05-08
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Last Modified: 2013-12-19
I am new to developing with Eclipse and I need to write a lot of code associated with Oracle databases.  I am using Eclipse 3.4.2 and trying to write Java that will connect to an Oracle 9 database.  I am trying to configure my Eclipse environment so that I can take advantage of the oci connect but I keep getting this error:

java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: no ocijdbc9 in java.library.path
      at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadLibrary(ClassLoader.java:1517)
      at java.lang.Runtime.loadLibrary0(Runtime.java:788)
      at java.lang.System.loadLibrary(System.java:834)
      at oracle.jdbc.oci8.OCIDBAccess.logon(OCIDBAccess.java:267)
      at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleConnection.<init>(OracleConnection.java:371)
      at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver.getConnectionInstance(OracleDriver.java:551)
      at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver.connect(OracleDriver.java:351)
      at oracle.jdbc.pool.OracleDataSource.getConnection(OracleDataSource.java:169)
      at oracle.jdbc.pool.OracleDataSource.getConnection(OracleDataSource.java:105)
      at dbAccess.main(dbAccess.java:34)
Exception in thread "main"

I suspect this is a problem because Eclipse can't find the DLL for the oci driver.  Plus I can compile this code manually from a terminal and it works fine.  I need to know how to get Eclipse to use the DLL for the OCI driver (if it's even possible).  The sample of code below generates the error above.  It is just a small example I am using to test database connectivity.
import java.sql.*;
import java.io.*;
import oracle.jdbc.pool.OracleDataSource;
import oracle.sql.*;
import oracle.jdbc.driver.*;
	
public class dbAccess
{
	public static void main (String args []) throws SQLException, IOException
	{
		String user;
		String password;
		String database;
 
		user = readEntry ("user: ");
		int slash_index = user.indexOf ('/');
		if (slash_index != -1)
		{
			password = user.substring (slash_index + 1);
			user = user.substring (0, slash_index);
		}
		else
			password = readEntry ("password: ");
		database = readEntry ("database (a TNSNAME entry): ");
 
		OracleDataSource ods = new OracleDataSource();
		ods.setURL("jdbc:oracle:oci8:" + user + "/" + password + "@" + database);
 
		System.out.println ("Connecting to the database...");
		System.out.flush ();
 
		try
		{
			Connection conn = ods.getConnection();
			conn.setAutoCommit (false);
			System.out.println ("");
			DatabaseMetaData dbmd = conn.getMetaData();
            		System.out.println("=====  Database info =====");
            		System.out.println("DatabaseProductName: " + dbmd.getDatabaseProductName());
            		System.out.println("DatabaseProductVersion: " + dbmd.getDatabaseProductVersion());
            		System.out.println("DatabaseMajorVersion: " + dbmd.getDatabaseMajorVersion());
            		System.out.println("DatabaseMinorVersion: " + dbmd.getDatabaseMinorVersion());
            		System.out.println("=====  Driver info =====");
            		System.out.println("DriverName: " + dbmd.getDriverName());
            		System.out.println("DriverVersion: " + dbmd.getDriverVersion());   
            		System.out.println("DriverMajorVersion: " + dbmd.getDriverMajorVersion());   
            		System.out.println("DriverMinorVersion: " + dbmd.getDriverMinorVersion());   
            		System.out.println("=====  JDBC/DB attributes =====");   
            		System.out.print("Supports getGeneratedKeys(): ");   
            		if (dbmd.supportsGetGeneratedKeys())   
              			System.out.println("true");   
            		else  
              			System.out.println("false");
			Statement stmt = conn.createStatement ();
			ResultSet rset = stmt.executeQuery ("select sysdate from dual");
			while (rset.next ())
				System.out.println (rset.getString (1));
 
			rset.close();
			stmt.close();
			conn.close();
		}		
		catch (SQLException e)
		{
			System.out.println ("Unable to connect to database " + database + ".");
			switch (e.getErrorCode())
			{
				case 12154:
					System.out.println ("Unable to resolve TNSNAME entry");
					break;
				case 1017:
					System.out.println ("Invalid user / password");
					break;
				default:
					System.out.println ("Unknown error");
					System.out.println (e.getErrorCode());
					System.out.println (e.getMessage());
					break;
			}
			System.exit(0);
		}
	}
 
	static String readEntry (String prompt)
	{
		try
		{
			StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer ();
			System.out.print (prompt);
			System.out.flush ();
			int c = System.in.read ();
			while (c != '\n' && c != -1)
			{
				buffer.append ((char)c);
				c = System.in.read ();
			}
			return buffer.toString ().trim ();
		}
		catch (IOException e)
		{
			return "";
		}
	}
}

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Question by:ccovell
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8 Comments
 

Assisted Solution

by:vinnakota
vinnakota earned 600 total points
ID: 24340494
Add <<oraclehomedirectory>>/bin to the containers Libary path and also make sure the oracle jdbc driver jar is in classpath.
0
 

Author Comment

by:ccovell
ID: 24340558
Thank you vinnakota,
I apologize for my n00b-ness.  I understand what you are saying, but I do not know how to add the ORACLE_HOME/bin directory to the container Library path.  Respectfully, can you provide more detailed steps.  I know the resource locations, I just need to know how to do that in Eclipse 3.4.2.  Thanks.
0
 

Author Comment

by:ccovell
ID: 24340663
After a little searching in the IDE I've added the ORACLE_HOME/bin path to the native library for the src folder and for the JRE system library and an auxillary library I am using that has the jdbc driver jar.  I'm still getting the same error.
0
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Author Comment

by:ccovell
ID: 24340888
Even if I use:

System.load("c:\\Program Files\\Oracle\\Ora102\\BIN\\ocijdbc10.dll");

I still get the same error.  Somehow, I'm beginning to think this is not an issue with Eclipse.
0
 

Assisted Solution

by:vinnakota
vinnakota earned 600 total points
ID: 24341005
Assuming that you are getting the error at runtime, try adding the path in the Run configuration (Run --> Run Configurations --> Classpath tab)
0
 

Accepted Solution

by:
RMarla earned 1400 total points
ID: 24341284
In Eclipse, right click your project....and choose "properties"
Click on "Java Build Path"
Choose the libraries tab
Click on "Add External Jar..."
(Now, I assume you have an Oracle Client installed on your computer....and the necessary client libraries.     I do not remember the exact path, but search for classes12.zip in the Oracle client installation path)
Navigate and choose the file:  classes12.zip from the directory
    {Oracle_Install_directory}\jdbc\lib

Then click on RUN menu in Eclipse
     Open Run options...
      Click on the java application being tested
      Click on the "Classpath" tab
     Click on "Add External Jars...."
     Add the classes12.zip just as you did earlier.

Then, go ahead and run your program.     I tested your code and it worked for me....although I used a different jar file since I used the 10g client/database

Hope this helps..

0
 

Author Comment

by:ccovell
ID: 24342142
with all due respect, it's the weekend here and I got too frustrated to keep trying.  Your solution is something that i have not tried and will do so on Monday.  Update then (since the site is secured by guys with guns till then).  Thanks to all.  Update to follow...
0
 

Author Comment

by:ccovell
ID: 24355298
Outstanding.  Worked perfectly.  Thank you.
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