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Calling a Javascript function from an input tag

Posted on 2009-05-11
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
I am attempting to call a function on a text input tag. I have tried everyway I can think of but it never calls the function. If I replace select('single',this.parentNode) with an alert statement it works just fine. Also the select function works fine when called from any other element. Any ideas?
<input id="txt" type="text" onkeydown="if(event.keyCode==9){select('single',this.parentNode)}">
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Question by:mudbuggle
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8 Comments
 
LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:HonorGod
ID: 24353887
Can you be more specific?
This works just fine.
<html>

<head>

<script type="text/javascript">
 

function doit( text ) {

  alert( 'doit( "' + text + '" )' )

}

</script>
 

</head>

<body>

Something: <input type='text' onchange='doit(this.value)'>

</body>

</html>

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Author Comment

by:mudbuggle
ID: 24353913
Surely, here is the full code. It will only work in IE.
<html>

<head>

<style type="text/css">

table {

	width : 1000px;

	height : 500px;

}

 

th {

	border : 1px solid;

	background : #D6D6D6;

	text-align : center;

	cursor : pointer;

}

 

td {

	border : 1px solid;

	text-align : center;

	cursor : pointer;

}
 

ul	{

	list-style-type : none;

	border : 1px solid;

	background : #D6D6D6;

	text-decoration : none;

	text-align : center;

	width : 100px;

	position : absolute;

	display : none;

	z-index : 1;

	cursor : pointer;

}
 

li {

	width : 100%;

	height : 100%;

}
 

input {

	text-align : center;

	padding: 18px;

	border : 0px;

	width : 96%;

	height : 96%;

}
 

</style>

<script language="javascript">
 

var previousrow = '';

var previouscol = '';

var previoushead = '';

function select(id,head)

{

		alert('aya');

	if((previouscol != '') && (previoushead != ''))

	{

		var pcolumn = document.getElementsByName(previouscol);

		for(i=0;i<pcolumn.length;i++)

		{

			pcolumn[i].style.backgroundColor = pcolumn[i].style.backgroundColor != '#ededed' ? '#EDEDED' : '';

		}

		if(previouscol == 'single')

		{

			previoushead.style.backgroundColor = previoushead.style.backgroundColor != '#ededed' ? '#EDEDED' : '';

		}

		else

		{

			previoushead.style.backgroundColor = previoushead.style.backgroundColor != '#ededed' ? '#EDEDED' : '#D6D6D6';

		}

	}
 

	if(id != 'single')

	{

		if(previouscol != id)

		{

			var column = document.getElementsByName(id);

			for(i=0;i<column.length;i++)

			{

				column[i].style.backgroundColor = column[i].style.backgroundColor != '#ededed' ? '#EDEDED' : '';

			}

			head.style.backgroundColor = head.style.backgroundColor != '#ededed' ? '#EDEDED' : '#D6D6D6';

			previouscol = id;

			previoushead = head;

		}

		else

		{

			previouscol = '';

			previoushead = '';

		}

	}

	else

	{

		head.style.backgroundColor = head.style.backgroundColor != '#ededed' ? '#EDEDED' : '';

		previouscol = id;

		previoushead = head;

	}
 

}
 
 
 

function rclick() 

{

	if (navigator.appName == 'Microsoft Internet Explorer' && event.button==2)

	{

		var menu = document.getElementById('rightclick');

		menu.style.left = event.clientX + document.body.scrollLeft - 45;

		menu.style.top = event.clientY + document.body.scrollTop -5;

		menu.style.display = 'block';

	}

}

document.onmousedown=rclick
 

function menuhide()

{

	var menu = document.getElementById('rightclick');

	menu.style.display = 'none';

}
 

</script>

</head>

<body oncontextmenu="return false;">

<table>

	<tr id="header"><th>&nbsp;</th><th onclick="select('col1',this)">A</th><th onclick="select('col2',this)">B</th><th onclick="select('col3',this)">C</th><th onclick="select('col4',this)">D</th><th onclick="select('col5',this)">E</th></tr>

	<tr id="1"><th onclick="select('1',this)">1</th><form method="post"><td id="col1" onclick="select('single',this)"><input id="txt" type="text" onkeydown="if(event.keyCode==9){select('single',this.parentNode)}"></td><td id="col2" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text" onkeydown="if(event.keyCode==9){'single',this.parentNode}"></td><td id="col3" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col4" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col5" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td></form></tr>

	<tr id="2"><th onclick="select('2',this)">2</th><td id="col1" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col2" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col3" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col4" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col5" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td></tr>

	<tr id="3"><th onclick="select('3',this)">3</th><td id="col1" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col2" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col3" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col4" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col5" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td></tr>

	<tr id="4"><th onclick="select('4',this)">4</th><td id="col1" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col2" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col3" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col4" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col5" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td></tr>

	<tr id="5"><th onclick="select('5',this)">5</th><td id="col1" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col2" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col3" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col4" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col5" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td></tr>

	<tr id="6"><th onclick="select('6',this)">6</th><td id="col1" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col2" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col3" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col4" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col5" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td></tr>

	<tr id="7"><th onclick="select('7',this)">7</th><td id="col1" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col2" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col3" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col4" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col5" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td></tr>

	<tr id="8"><th onclick="select('8',this)">8</th><td id="col1" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col2" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col3" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text">/td><td id="col4" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td><td id="col5" onclick="select('single',this)"><input type="text"></td></tr>

</table>
 

<ul id="rightclick" onmouseout="menuhide()" onmouseover="this.parentNode.style.display = 'block';">

	<li onmouseover="this.parentNode.style.display = 'block';">copy</li>

	<li onmouseover="this.parentNode.style.display = 'block';">paste</li>

	<li onmouseover="this.parentNode.style.display = 'block';">save</li>

	<li onmouseover="this.parentNode.style.display = 'block';">delete</li>

</ul>
 

</body>

</html>

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LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:HonorGod
ID: 24353996
Can you explain what it is you are trying to do?
I tried it in Chrome, FireFox, and IE, and in each, if I click on a cell I see the "aye" dialog box, and the cell is changed to an input field, and I can type text...

What is it you are trying to do, and what doesn't work?
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LVL 75

Accepted Solution

by:
Michel Plungjan earned 500 total points
ID: 24354062
try
onfocus="this.parentNode.click()"
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LVL 75

Expert Comment

by:Michel Plungjan
ID: 24354095
And add this to make it work in FF too

//Written by Jason Karl Davis

if(typeof HTMLElement!='undefined'&&!HTMLElement.prototype.click)
HTMLElement.prototype.click=function(){
var evt = this.ownerDocument.createEvent('MouseEvents');
evt.initMouseEvent('click', true, true, this.ownerDocument.defaultView, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, false, false, false, false, 0, null);
this.dispatchEvent(evt);
}


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LVL 6

Author Comment

by:mudbuggle
ID: 24354113
I need to change the selected cell on a tab event. The following is cathing the tab event.
onkeydown="if(event.keyCode==9){}"
In the case of a tab event it should select the next cell. The alert of "aye" is just to test whether or not the function is being run.
If you change the onkeydown="if(event.keyCode==9){select('single',this.parentNode)}" to onkeydown="if(event.keyCode==9){alert('yay')}", it will work, but for some reason it won't work when attemping to call select function.
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LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:HonorGod
ID: 24354140
Thanks for the clarification.

Does Michel's answer help/resolve your issue?
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LVL 6

Author Closing Comment

by:mudbuggle
ID: 31580113
Rock on mp... Simple and elegant. Thanks
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