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worksheetfunction.vlookup doesn't work for me.

Posted on 2009-05-11
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
I am trying to get vlookup to work in VBA for Excel.
I have a line that reads: jjunk = WorksheetFunction.VLookup("Apples", TableThings, 1, False)
junk doesn't matter.  I only care if the vlookup succeeds or fails.
I think I should use error handling which code to execute.  But I can't even find a match if I know there's a match.
In this case I am looking for a match in a table called TableThings on "Apples".
Please help.  I have included my tiny workbook.
David
vlookupProblem.xls
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Question by:Cousin86
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9 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:Saurabh Singh Teotia
ID: 24359992
Here is a simiplied version of your code, You dont need error to check it you can do it by other way which is this plus your coding was only looking for apples not for any other value...
Saurabh...

Sub classify()
    Dim xrow As Integer
    
    Dim TableThings As Variant
 
 
 
    For xrow = 4 To 8
        If Application.WorksheetFunction.CountIf(Range("TableThings"), Cells(xrow, 1).Value) > 0 Then
            Cells(xrow, 2) = "Match"
 
 
        Else
            Cells(xrow, 2) = "No Match"
 
        End If
 
 
 
    Next xrow
 
 
 
 
End Sub

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Expert Comment

by:Saurabh Singh Teotia
ID: 24360007
And if you want to do by that way only, as in vlookup then here is the code...
Saurabh...

Sub classify()
    Dim xrow As Integer
    Dim xcol As Integer
    Dim junk As Variant
    Dim TableThings As Variant
 
 
 
    For xrow = 4 To 8
  On Error Resume Next
    junk = WorksheetFunction.VLookup(Cells(xrow, 1).Value, Range("TableThings"), 1, False)
    If Err.Number <> 1004 Then
    Cells(xrow, 2) = "Match"
    Else
    
 
    Cells(xrow, 2) = "No Match"
    Err.Clear
    End If
    
 
    
    Next xrow
 
 
 
 
End Sub

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Expert Comment

by:patrickab
ID: 24360212
Cousin86,
There are much easier ways to do it, but sticking with the use of VLOOKUP(), it can be done as in the macro below.
There were all sorts of problems with the code you had adopted, not least of which was that you were attempting to reference the 'TableThings' range without defining it in VBA code. However as you had defined it in the worksheet you caould use that like this:
[TableThings]
The other thing you were doing was to test Apple as being present in the VLOOKUP table on every cycle of the macro For / Next loop. Not surprisingly it found it every time!
Next was the problem that you were not defining the worksheet you were wanting it all to happen in By default it's the active sheet - so it's OK if you're in DATA - but nowhere else.
Anyhow I hope it all helps
Patrick

Sub classify()
Dim xrow As Integer
Dim xcol As Integer
Dim junk As Variant
    
With Sheets("DATA")
    For xrow = 4 To 8
        On Error Resume Next
        junk = Application.WorksheetFunction.VLookup(.Cells(xrow, 1), [TableThings], 1, False)
        If junk = .Cells(xrow, 1) Then
            .Cells(xrow, 2) = "Match"
        Else
            .Cells(xrow, 2) = "No Match"
        End If
    Next xrow
End With
 
End Sub

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vlookupProblem-01.xls
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Accepted Solution

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Rory Archibald earned 500 total points
ID: 24361787
Just an additional point on error handling. If you use Application.VLookup rather than WorksheetFunction.VLookup then when there is no match you will get an error value returned (that you can assign to a variant variable and test with IsError) rather than a run-time error that you handle with an On Error statement. For example:
 

Sub classify()
Dim xrow As Long
Dim xcol As Long
Dim junk As Variant
    
With Sheets("DATA")
    For xrow = 4 To 8
        junk = Application.VLookup(.Cells(xrow, 1), [TableThings], 1, False)
        If IsError(junk) Then
            .Cells(xrow, 2) = "No Match"
        Else
            .Cells(xrow, 2) = "Match"
        End If
    Next xrow
End With
 
End Sub

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Author Comment

by:Cousin86
ID: 24369214
I really have learned a lot, not to mention solved my problem.

But could someone explain to me the syntax of the brackets the surround [TableThings].

Thanks so much
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LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:Rory Archibald
ID: 24369527
It's the equivalent of an Evaluate statement. I generally prefer to use Range("TableThings") but that's personal preference.
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LVL 45

Expert Comment

by:patrickab
ID: 24369755
As I understand it, and no doubt someone will correct me, by putting a reference within square brackets, tells the compiler that an address is required or perhaps a pointer to an address - I'm not sure which but I'd guess the former. So by putting a defined range name in square brackets it is translated into a range address. It's a simple way to make use of named ranges. If you use something like this:
Sheets("Sheet1").[A1] = 1234
then [A1] is translated into a range address - 'A1' being the man-readable address.
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LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:Rory Archibald
ID: 24372023
It's not just addresses - it will evaluate most things that Application.Evaluate will - for example, this will also work:
[sum(A1:A10)]
 
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LVL 45

Expert Comment

by:patrickab
ID: 24682405
Yep, I since seen the help file on Evaluate. It's clear about [] brackets and that they are the equivalent of 'Evaluate'.
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