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Conditional Formatting for an Access Report

Posted on 2009-05-11
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Last Modified: 2013-11-28
The Access database I work with contains specific information about records as they are processed.   The records are organized by state.  

Users can generate a report concerning all the records of a specific state.  Each row of the report shows information about a specific record, in a pattern like this -

Row 1, Record 1:  Field 1   Field 2   Field 3   Field 4   Field 5   Checkbox 1
Row 2, Record 2:  Field 1   Field 2   Field 3   Field 4   Field 5   Checkbox 1
Row 3, Record 3:  Field 1   Field 2   Field 3   Field 4   Field 5   Checkbox 1

In the data entry form, Checkbox 1 is checked when the processing of a record is finished.  I added Checkbox 1 to the report as an object that is not visible on the report.  Checkbox 1 occupies a field in the same table where Fields 1 through 5 reside.

If Checkbox 1 is checked for a specific record, I would like to cause the BackColor property to be yellow for all the fields in the row concerning that record; if Checkbox 1 is not checked, I would like the BackColor property to be white.  This way, the user can easily distinguish between the records that have been processed from those that have not.

I have not had much success with this.  For example, the code below highlights the entire column (i.e., all records or rows) with the field entitled "fldDATE", even if "fldUSED" (i.e., Checkbox 1) has been checked for only one record or row in the dataset.  

In the code below, "fldUSED" is the equivalent of Checkbox 1 described above.  "fldDATE" represents a test field that I added to see how the coding would play out in practice.  "fldCOUNTER" is an Auto Number in the table where all the records and fields reside.  

On its face, this does not seem to be all that difficult, but I am stymied.  I have tried Case Select, For Each . . Next, multiple loops, other potions.  
Private Sub Report_Load()
Static intCounter As Long
Dim intStop As Long
intCounter = DMin("[fldCOUNTER]", "tblRULESNOTICE")
intStop = DMax("[fldCOUNTER]", "tblRULESNOTICE")
Do While intCounter < intStop + 1
If Me.fldUSED = Yes Then
    Me.fldDATE.BackColor = vbYellow
ElseIf Me.fldUSED = No Then
    Me.fldDATE.BackColor = vbWhite
End If
    intCounter = intCounter + 1
Loop
End Sub

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Question by:AccessHack
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7 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:noetymology
ID: 24362280
Try the following code in the Format event of the Detail section of the report. I have also attached a sample database (zipped file). However the conditional formatting will work only in Print Preview of the report. If you are on Access 2007 then conditional format doesnt work when you are in report view because the execution of events is different.

Private Sub Detail_Format(Cancel As Integer, FormatCount As Integer)
If Me.Checkbox = -1 Then
Me.F1.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Me.F2.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Me.F3.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Me.F4.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Me.F5.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Else
Me.F1.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
Me.F2.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
Me.F3.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
Me.F4.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
Me.F5.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
End If
End Sub

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Conditional-Format-Test.zip
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Expert Comment

by:Jeffrey Coachman
ID: 24365283
AccessHack,

1. Make sure that the BackStyle of the textboxes is set to: Normal, or the Back color will not be visible.

2. If you just need the basic colors, you can use the VB color constants, in place of the "RGB" syntax,
The VB Color Constants may be slightly easier to remember and write:
vbBlack
vbRed
vbGreen
vbYellow
vbBlue
vbMagenta
vbCyan
vbWhite

Something like this, based on noetymology's post:
        ...
        Me.F1.BackColor = vbYellow
        ...
        Me.F5.BackColor = vbRed
        ...

3. Finally, you can disable "Report View" by:
Opening the report in design view.
Bringing up the Property box for the entire Report.
Setting the "Allow Report View" property to: No

;-)

JeffCoachman
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Expert Comment

by:Jeffrey Coachman
ID: 24365334
noetymology,

I think your sample attachment got lost. (it is 0 Bytes)
...Possibly due to you having the file open when you uploaded it.

;-)

Jeff
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Accepted Solution

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noetymology earned 500 total points
ID: 24366533
I am attaching the file one more time. It simply has Table1 with ID (Autonumber), Checkbox(Yes/No), F1,F2..F5 as Text. A form based on it. You can keep it as a data entry form too, if you wish to. And a Report1 on the Table1. Use the below code in the Format event of the Details section of your report so that it checks the value of Checkbox record by record and format each record with a backcolor.Hope this helps. If you still are unable to get the MDB file, then you can create one your own by the steps mentioned. It should work!
Option Compare Database
 
Private Sub Detail_Format(Cancel As Integer, FormatCount As Integer)
If Me.Checkbox = -1 Then
Me.F1.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Me.F2.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Me.F3.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Me.F4.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Me.F5.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 0)
Else
Me.F1.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
Me.F2.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
Me.F3.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
Me.F4.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
Me.F5.BackColor = RGB(255, 255, 255)
End If
End Sub

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Conditional-Formatting-New-Sampl.mdb
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Expert Comment

by:noetymology
ID: 24372994
Any luck with my sample database/VBA?
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LVL 74

Expert Comment

by:Jeffrey Coachman
ID: 24373836
Yes,

Please keep us posted
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Author Comment

by:AccessHack
ID: 25516728
Thank you.  What you suggested works well; I have been ill and apologize for not responding sooner.
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