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VB6 routine to retrieve URL from shortcut

Posted on 2009-05-12
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Last Modified: 2012-05-06
The simple code block below retrieves the target path of a "*.lnk" file: a shortcut pointing to another file or directory to which the user has reference.  In the event that the shortcut is a URL, the extension will be *.url, and the code below will not work.
(The verbiage of "CreateShortcut" here is confusing because if the shortcut already exists, as I intend, "CreateShortcut" will report back on the existing shortcut, not, as the name implies, overwrite the existing one.)
I've built the infrastructure to accomodate a little added challenge: I would like the code below to be dual-purpose.  It should test whether the extension is ".lnk" or ".url" and, in either case, return the shortcut path.  Thanks, ~Peter Ferber

Function RetrieveShortcutPath(strShortcutPath As String) As String
    Dim MyShell As New WshShell
    Dim MyShortcut As WshShortcut
    
    If (instr(ucase(strShortcutPath), ".LNK") > 0) then
        Set MyShortcut = MyShell.CreateShortcut(strShortcutPath)
        RetrieveShortcutPath = MyShortcut.TargetPath
    Else
    End If
End Function

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Question by:PeterFrb
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Author Comment

by:PeterFrb
ID: 24368955
P.S.  If the object in question requires me to make a reference other than "Windows Script Host Object Model", which allows me to instantiate WshShell and WshShortcut, please specify that as well.
~Peter
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peetm earned 2000 total points
ID: 24372158
A bit cludgy but ... here goes:

I'm using a generic Object to save using two derived types - WshShortcut and WshURLShortcut.

Object is polymorphic with ALL object types, and as both the ones you're interested in have the 'TargetPath' property, it seems suitable.


The 'file stuff' is handled by a FileSystemObject - add the 'Microsoft Scripting Runtime' as a reference.

    Dim fso As New FileSystemObject
    Dim wsh As New WshShell
    
    Dim f As File
        
    ' No polymorphism for WshShortcut and WshURLShortcut - except through a generic 'object'.
    '
    Dim o As Object
    
    ' Get the user's 'Desktop'.
    '
    For Each f In fso.GetFolder(fso.BuildPath(Environ("HOMEPATH"), "Desktop")).Files
    
        Set o = Nothing
    
        ' Is this file *Either* link type?
        '
        If Right$(f.Path, 4) = ".lnk" Or Right$(f.Path, 4) = ".url" Then
        
            Set o = wsh.CreateShortcut(f.Path)
        
            If Not o Is Nothing Then
            
                Debug.Print o.TargetPath
            
            End If
        
        End If
    
    Next f

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Author Closing Comment

by:PeterFrb
ID: 31580714
Well done, thanks.
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Author Comment

by:PeterFrb
ID: 24377377
You clearly understood the assignment fully and delivered on the answer.  I appreciate your comment indicating that the two choices are "WshShortcut and WshURLShortcut" -- the latter of which I was unaware.  I've added the code as a function, which I personally find useful, by merely modifying your code into a form I find useful.
Thanks,
~Peter
Function RetrieveShortcutPath(strShortcutPath As String) As String
    Dim fso As New FileSystemObject
    Dim wsh As New WshShell
    
    Dim f As File
        
    ' No polymorphism for WshShortcut and WshURLShortcut - except through a generic 'object'.
    Dim o As Object
    
    ' Get the user's 'Desktop'.
    Set o = Nothing
    ' Is this file *Either* link type?
    RetrieveShortcutPath = ""
    If (Right$(strShortcutPath, 4) = ".lnk" Or Right$(strShortcutPath, 4) = ".url") Then
        Set o = wsh.CreateShortcut(strShortcutPath)
        If (Not o Is Nothing) Then
            RetrieveShortcutPath = o.TargetPath
        End If
    End If
End Function

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Expert Comment

by:peetm
ID: 24377625
Glad to be of help.

Looks like you can remove the FileSystemObject reference, and the declaration of f As File now?

Oh, and the ' Get the user's 'Desktop' comment.

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