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How do I check to see if item exists in database

Posted on 2009-05-13
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Last Modified: 2013-12-17
I have a query where I am trying to get the lastname where the lastname and first name equals something, but get errors. I tried executescaler, but I am using too many values in the where clause and get a instance before reference of an object and then I tried execute reader, but get no column in the result error. This is what I am trying to do:

I am trying to check to see if a user is in the username table where the firstname=variable and lastname=variable.If it is in their, move on, but if it's not in the username table, insert it in.
using (OdbcConnection con16 = new OdbcConnection(ConnStr))
                        using (OdbcCommand cmd16 = new OdbcCommand("select LastName from usernames where FirstName='" + firstName + "' and LastName='" + lastName + "'", con16))
                        {
                            con16.Open();
                            OdbcDataReader dr1;
                            //string result = cmd16.ExecuteReader();
                            dr1 = cmd16.ExecuteReader();
 
                            try
                            {
                                if (dr1["LastName"] == Null)
                                {
                                    OdbcConnection con17 = new OdbcConnection(ConnStr);
                                    OdbcCommand cmd17 = new OdbcCommand("insert into usernames (ProjectLeader,CommercialLeader,GroupLeader,Admin,FirstName,LastName) values(ProjectLeader='" + pnewleader + "', CommercialLeader='" + cnewleader + "', GroupLeader='" + gnewleader + "', Admin='" + newadmin + "', FirstName='" + firstName + "', LastName='" + lastName + "')", con17);
                                    con17.Open();
                                    cmd17.ExecuteNonQuery();
                                    con17.Close();
                                    dr1.Close();
                                }
                            }
                            catch (Exception ee)
                                {
                                    OdbcConnection con17 = new OdbcConnection(ConnStr);
                                    OdbcCommand cmd17 = new OdbcCommand("insert into usernames (ProjectLeader,CommercialLeader,GroupLeader,Admin,FirstName,LastName) values(ProjectLeader='" + pnewleader + "', CommercialLeader='" + cnewleader + "', GroupLeader='" + gnewleader + "', Admin='" + newadmin + "', FirstName='" + firstName + "', LastName='" + lastName + "')", con17);
con17.Open();
cmd17.ExecuteNonQuery();
con17.Close();
 }

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Question by:bschave2
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5 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:Aanvik
ID: 24375901
I would suggest go for a Data Adapter and user Data table and check for the row count before you check if the value is null.
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Author Comment

by:bschave2
ID: 24375916
how do I do that? Could you give me an example? thanks...newbie to c#.....easy in vb.net!
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LVL 5

Accepted Solution

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Aanvik earned 500 total points
ID: 24375963
Here's the sample code.
OleDbCommand selectCMD = new OleDbCommand("SELECT CustomerID, CompanyName FROM Customers", nwindConn);
selectCMD.CommandTimeout = 30;
 
OleDbDataAdapter custDA = new OleDbDataAdapter();
custDA.SelectCommand = selectCMD;
 
DataTable custDS = new DataTable();
custDA.Fill(custDS, "Customers");
 
now check if the DataTable.Rows.Count > 0 then go for a null check... and insert and etc.

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Author Comment

by:bschave2
ID: 24376143
i did a dataset like this... Thanks for the help.


OdbcConnection con16 = new OdbcConnection(ConnStr);
                        OdbcCommand cmd16 = new OdbcCommand("SELECT LastName, FirstName FROM usernames where FirstName='" + firstName + "' and LastName='" + lastName + "'", con16);
                        OdbcDataAdapter da16 = new OdbcDataAdapter(cmd16);
                        DataSet ds16 = new DataSet();
                        da16.Fill(ds16, "projectmanager");
 
                        if (ds16.Tables["projectmanager"].Rows.Count > 0)
                        {
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            OdbcConnection con17 = new OdbcConnection(ConnStr);
                            OdbcCommand cmd17 = new OdbcCommand("insert into usernames (ProjectLeader,CommercialLeader,GroupLeader,Admin,FirstName,LastName) values(ProjectLeader='" + pnewleader + "', CommercialLeader='" + cnewleader + "', GroupLeader='" + gnewleader + "', Admin='" + newadmin + "', FirstName='" + firstName + "', LastName='" + lastName + "')", con17);
                            con17.Open();
                            cmd17.ExecuteNonQuery();
                            con17.Close();
                        }
 
                            con16.Close();
                        }

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LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:Aanvik
ID: 24376172
Perfect.
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