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XHTML how to markup a postal address

Posted on 2009-05-13
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Hi experts,
Whats the best way to markup a postal address?
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Question by:mstrelan
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Expert Comment

by:jessc7
ID: 24381294
If you mean using microformats, I would look at using the hCard format:
http://microformats.org/wiki/hcard

Here is a presentation on the subject:
http://www.xfront.com/microformats/hCard_part5.html

Here is an online hCard creator:
http://microformats.org/code/hcard/creator
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by:David S.
David S. earned 200 total points
ID: 24381570
I often use an <address> element and <br />s to add line breaks.
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by:mstrelan
ID: 24381714
@jessc7
I don't know if this is what I'm after

@Kravimir
According to w3schools the <address> element is for the "contact information of the owner or author of the document"
http://www.w3schools.com/TAGS/tag_address.asp

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I guess what I'm asking is if there is a more semantic solution than below
<div class="address">
    <span class="address-attention">Mr John Smith</span>
    <span class="address-street">123 Fake Street</span>
    <span class="address-suburb">West End</span>
<!-- etc etc -->
</div>

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by:David S.
ID: 24381980
I mostly use it on contact pages, so it fits.

hCard would be the most semantic option.
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jessc7 earned 800 total points
ID: 24384510
I would recommend looking into hCard, as microformats are becoming more and more useful. Various browsers and plugins are able to intelligently recognize hCard formatted addresses, and interact with them through actions such as using a mapping service or exporting to a vcard to bring in to your e-mail client.

Here is the Wikipedia explanation of microformats:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microformats

Here is the Wikipedia explanation of hCard in specific:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HCard

However using <address> would also suffice as markup and be more semantic than your example, so you could use that as well and still have some meaning behind your XHTML.
<!-- hCard Example -->
<div id="hcard-John-Smith" class="vcard">
 <span class="fn">John Smith</span>
 <div class="adr">
  <div class="street-address">123 Fake Street</div>
  <span class="locality">West End</span>
 </div>
</div>

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Expert Comment

by:jessc7
ID: 24388124
In the example above, I don't believe "John-Smith" would be required for the hCard in the id="hcard-John-Smith" section.

Here is a cheatsheet to help heirarchy and usage:
http://suda.co.uk/projects/microformats/cheatsheet/
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by:jessc7
ID: 24388249
Here is another example from some work I did on a corporate web site. I stripped out the specific company information. The hCard is picked up by smart browsers/plugs, and could import the information into Outlook, etc.
<address class="vcard">
<a href="http://www.example.com/" class="org url">Company Name<br /></a>
<span class="street-address">1234 Main Street</span><br />
<span class="additional-address">Suite 100</span><br />
<span class="locality">City</span>, <span class="region">State</span> <span class="postal-code">12345</span><br />
Phone: <span class="tel">(555) 555-5555</span><br />
<span class="fn">FirstName LastName</span><br />
<a href="mailto:person@example.com" class="email">person@example.com</a><br />
</address>

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