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Chroot jail

Posted on 2009-05-15
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3,061 Views
Last Modified: 2013-12-16
followed  instructions for chrooting on
http://howtoforge.com/chrooted-ssh-sftp-tutorial-debian-lenny and
http://www.fuschlberger.net/programs/ssh-scp-sftp-chroot-jail/
And I get a boatload of fail most notably when attempting to create a new user/

Adding User yourmother to jail
Copying necessary library-files to jail (may take some time)
mv: missing destination file operand after `.bak'
Try `mv --help' for more information.
mv: missing destination file operand after `.bak'
Try `mv --help' for more information.
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent
/usr/local/sbin/make_chroot_jail.sh: 430: cannot create : Directory nonexistent

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Question by:Illyankesh
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by:Kerem ERSOY
ID: 24399507
Hi,

Are you sure that you're running the script as root?

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Author Comment

by:Illyankesh
ID: 24399621
I'm logged in as the root user when I input the command #make_chroot_user.sh falko /bin/bash /home

Do I need sudo?  or is there a user file I'm missing?
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Expert Comment

by:Kerem ERSOY
ID: 24399752
I'm logged in as the root user when I input the command #make_chroot_user.sh falko /bin/bash /home

In fact #make_chroot_user.sh falko

should be enough in linux systems in that:
- The default shell is /bin/bash
- The path /home is wrong this directory is not rootjail relative and it would try to create jail structure directly under /home. This is not desirable and/or possible due to file and directory permissisons.

 
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Author Comment

by:Illyankesh
ID: 24399857
ahhh hah, ok   so should I just leave them blank?  no that won't work I tried that already, you are supposed to be able to just add the user and the default would make the directories, but that errors out as it is...
Can I alter permissions on the home directory?  Or do I need to make a separate directory to be the chroot, and then change the directory in the script?
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Expert Comment

by:Kerem ERSOY
ID: 24400391
just leave it as it is. Run with single parameter (user).

o can alter na permissons as long as yr root : )

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Author Comment

by:Illyankesh
ID: 24400561
hm  I'm still getting the same error without trying to specify any other parameters, with a new user created.

so /home is incorrect?  Or do I need to alter the default path in the script itself?
#!/bin/sh
#
# (c) Copyright by Wolfgang Fuschlberger
#
#    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
#    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
#    (at your option) any later version.
#
#    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#    GNU General Public License for more details.
#    ( http://www.fsf.org/licenses/gpl.txt )
#####################################################################
 
# first Release: 2004-07-30
RELEASE="2008-04-26"
#
# The latest version of the script is available at
#   http://www.fuschlberger.net/programs/ssh-scp-sftp-chroot-jail/
#
# Feedback is welcome!
#
# Thanks for Bugfixes / Enhancements to
# Michael Prokop <http://www.michael-prokop.at/chroot/>,
# Randy K., Randy D., Jonathan Hunter and everybody else.
#####################################################################
 
#
# Features:
# - enable scp and sftp in the chroot-jail
# - use one directory (default /home/jail/) as chroot for all users
# - create new accounts
# - move existing accounts to chroot
#####################################################################
 
# path to sshd's config file: needed for automatic detection of the locaten of
# the sftp-server binary
SSHD_CONFIG="/etc/ssh/sshd_config"
 
# Check if we are called with username or update
if [ -z "$1" ] ; then
  echo
  echo "ERROR: Parameter missing. Did you forget the username?"
  echo "-------------------------------------------------------------"
  echo
  echo "USAGE:"
  echo "Create new chrooted account or"
  echo "add existing User to chroot-jail:"
  echo "-> $0 username"
  echo
  echo "or specify the chroot-shell file and path where the jail should be loca$
  echo "-> $0 username [/path/to/chroot-shell [/path/to/jail]]"
  echo "Default shell       = /bin/chroot-shell"
 echo "Default chroot-path = /home/jail"
  echo "-------------------------------------------------------------"
  echo
  echo "Updating files in the chroot-jail:"
  echo "-> $0 update [/path/to/chroot-shell [/path/to/jail]]"
  echo "-------------------------------------------------------------"
  echo
  echo "To uninstall:"
  echo " # userdel \$USER"
  echo " # rm -rf /home/jail"
  echo " (this deletes all Users' files!)"
  echo " # rm -f /bin/chroot-shell"
  echo " manually delete the User's line from /etc/sudoers"
  exit
fi
 
if [ -z "$PATH" ] ; then
  PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin
fi
 
echo
echo Release: $RELEASE
echo
 
echo "Am I root?  "
if [ "$(whoami &2>/dev/null)" != "root" ] && [ "$(id -un &2>/dev/null)" != "roo$
  echo "  NO!
 
Error: You must be root to run this script."
  exit 1
fi
echo "  OK";
 
# Check existence of necessary files
echo "Checking distribution... "
if [ -f /etc/debian_version ];
  then echo "  Supported Distribution found"
       echo "  System is running Debian Linux"
       DISTRO=DEBIAN;
elif [ -f /etc/SuSE-release ];
  then echo "  Supported Distribution found"
       echo "  System is running SuSE Linux"
       DISTRO=SUSE;
elif [ -f /etc/fedora-release ];
  then echo "  Supported Distribution found"
       echo "  System is running Fedora Linux"
       DISTRO=FEDORA;
elif [ -f /etc/redhat-release ];
  then echo "  Supported Distribution found"
       echo "  System is running Red Hat Linux"
       DISTRO=REDHAT;
else echo -e "  failed...........\nThis script works best on Debian, Red Hat, F$
#exit 1
fi
 
# Specify the apps you want to copy to the jail
if [ "$DISTRO" = SUSE ]; then
  APPS="/bin/bash /bin/cp /usr/bin/dircolors /bin/ls /bin/mkdir /bin/mv /bin/rm$
elif [ "$DISTRO" = FEDORA ]; then
  APPS="/bin/bash /bin/cp /usr/bin/dircolors /bin/ls /bin/mkdir /bin/mv /bin/rm$
elif [ "$DISTRO" = REDHAT ]; then
  APPS="/bin/bash /bin/cp /usr/bin/dircolors /bin/ls /bin/mkdir /bin/mv /bin/rm$
#elif [ "$DISTRO" = DEBIAN ]; then
  APPS="/bin/bash /bin/cp /usr/bin/dircolors /bin/ls /bin/mkdir /bin/mv /bin/rm$
elif [ "$DISTRO" = DEBIAN ]; then
  APPS="/bin/bash /bin/cp /usr/bin/dircolors /bin/ls /bin/mkdir /bin/mv /bin/rm$
else
  APPS="/bin/bash /bin/cp /usr/bin/dircolors /bin/ls /bin/mkdir /bin/mv /bin/rm$
fi
 
# Check existence of necessary files
echo "Checking for which... "
#if [ -f $(which which) ] ;
# not good because if which does not exist I look for an
# empty filename and get OK nevertheless
if ( test -f /usr/bin/which ) || ( test -f /bin/which ) || ( test -f /sbin/whic$
  then echo "  OK";
  else echo "  failed
 
Please install which-binary!
"
exit 1
fi
 
echo "Checking for chroot..."
if [ `which chroot` ];
  then echo "  OK";
  else echo "  failed
 
chroot not found!
Please install chroot-package/binary!
"
exit 1
fi
 
echo "Checking for sudo..."
if [ `which sudo` ]; then
  echo "  OK";
else
  echo "  failed
 
sudo not found!
Please install sudo-package/binary!
"
exit 1
fi
 
echo "Checking for dirname..."
if [ `which dirname` ]; then
  echo "  OK";
else
  echo "  failed
 
dirname not found!
Please install dirname-binary (to be found eg in the package coreutils)!
"
exit 1
fi
 
echo "Checking for awk..."
if [ `which awk` ]; then
  echo "  OK
";
else
  echo "  failed
 
awk not found!
Please install (g)awk-package/binary!
"
exit 1
fi
 
# get location of sftp-server binary from /etc/ssh/sshd_config
# check for existence of /etc/ssh/sshd_config and for
# (uncommented) line with sftp-server filename. If neither exists, just skip
# this step and continue without sftp-server
#
#if  (test ! -f /etc/ssh/sshd_config &> /dev/null); then
#  echo "
#File /etc/ssh/sshd_config not found.
#Not checking for path to sftp-server.
#  ";
#else
if [ ! -f ${SSHD_CONFIG} ]
then
   echo "File ${SSHD_CONFIG} not found."
   echo "Not checking for path to sftp-server."
   echo "Please adjust the global \$SSHD_CONFIG variable"
else
  if !(grep -v "^#" ${SSHD_CONFIG} | grep -i sftp-server &> /dev/null); then
    echo "Obviously no sftp-server is running on this system.
";
  else SFTP_SERVER=$(grep -v "^#" ${SSHD_CONFIG} | grep -i sftp-server | awk  '$
  fi
fi
 
#if !(grep -v "^#" /etc/ssh/sshd_config | grep -i sftp-server /etc/ssh/sshd_con$
APPS="$APPS $SFTP_SERVER"
 
# Get accountname to create / move
CHROOT_USERNAME=$1
 
if ! [ -z "$2" ] ; then
  SHELL=$2
else
  SHELL=/bin/chroot-shell
fi
 
if ! [ -z "$3" ] ; then
  JAILPATH=$3
else
  JAILPATH=/home/jail
fi
 
# Exit if user already exists
#id $CHROOT_USERNAME > /dev/null 2>&1 && { echo "User exists."; echo "Exiting."$
 
# Check if user already exists and ask for confirmation
# we have to trust that root knows what she is doing when saying 'yes'
if ( id $CHROOT_USERNAME > /dev/null 2>&1 ) ; then {
echo "
-----------------------------
User $CHROOT_USERNAME exists.
 
Are you sure you want to modify the users home directory and lock him into the
chroot directory?
Are you REALLY sure?
Say only yes if you absolutely know what you are doing!"
  read -p "(yes/no) -> " MODIFYUSER
  if [ "$MODIFYUSER" != "yes" ]; then
    echo "
Not entered yes. Exiting...."
    exit 1
  fi
}
else
  CREATEUSER="yes"
fi
 
# Create $SHELL (shell for jailed accounts)
if [ -f ${SHELL} ] ; then
  echo "
-----------------------------
The file $SHELL exists.
Probably it was created by this script.
 
Are you sure you want to overwrite it?
(you want to say yes for example if you are running the script for the second
time when adding more than one account to the jail)"
read -p "(yes/no) -> " OVERWRITE
if [ "$OVERWRITE" != "yes" ]; then
  echo "
Not entered yes. Exiting...."
  exit 1
fi
else
 echo "Creating $SHELL"
  echo '#!/bin/sh' > $SHELL
  echo "`which sudo` `which chroot` $JAILPATH /bin/su - \$USER" \"\$@\" >> $SHE$
  chmod 755 $SHELL
fi
 
# make common jail for everybody if inexistent
if [ ! -d ${JAILPATH} ] ; then
  mkdir -p ${JAILPATH}
  echo "Creating ${JAILPATH}"
fi
cd ${JAILPATH}
 
# Create directories in jail that do not exist yet
JAILDIRS="dev etc etc/pam.d bin home sbin usr usr/bin usr/lib"
for directory in $JAILDIRS ; do
  if [ ! -d "$JAILPATH/$directory" ] ; then
    mkdir $JAILPATH/"$directory"
    echo "Creating $JAILPATH/$directory"
  fi
done
echo
 
# Comment in the following lines if your apache can't read the directories and
# uses the security contexts
# Fix security contexts so Apache can read files
#CHCON=$(`which chcon`)
#if [ -n "$CHCON" ] && [ -x $CHCON ]; then
#    $CHCON -t home_root_t $JAILPATH/home
#    $CHCON -t user_home_dir_t $JAILPATH/home/$CHROOT_USERNAME
#fi
 
# Creating necessary devices
[ -r $JAILPATH/dev/urandom ] || mknod $JAILPATH/dev/urandom c 1 9
[ -r $JAILPATH/dev/null ]    || mknod -m 666 $JAILPATH/dev/null    c 1 3
[ -r $JAILPATH/dev/zero ]    || mknod -m 666 $JAILPATH/dev/zero    c 1 5
[ -r $JAILPATH/dev/tty ]     || mknod -m 666 $JAILPATH/dev/tty     c 5 0
 
# if we only want to update the files in the jail
# skip the creation of the new account
if [ "$1" != "update" ]; then
 
# Modifiy /etc/sudoers to enable chroot-ing for users
# must be removed by hand if account is deleted
echo "Modifying /etc/sudoers"
echo "$CHROOT_USERNAME       ALL=NOPASSWD: `which chroot`, /bin/su - $CHROOT_US$
 
# Define HomeDir for simple referencing
HOMEDIR="$JAILPATH/home/$CHROOT_USERNAME"
 
# Create new account, setting $SHELL to the above created script and
# $HOME to $JAILPATH/home/*
if [ "$CREATEUSER" != "yes" ] ; then echo "
Not creating new User account
Modifying User \"$CHROOT_USERNAME\"
Copying files in $CHROOT_USERNAME's \$HOME to \"$HOMEDIR\"
"
usermod -d "$HOMEDIR" -m -s "$SHELL" $CHROOT_USERNAME && chmod 700 "$HOMEDIR"
fi
 
if [ "$CREATEUSER" = "yes" ] ; then {
echo "Adding User \"$CHROOT_USERNAME\" to system"
useradd -m -d "$HOMEDIR" -s "$SHELL" $CHROOT_USERNAME && chmod 700 "$HOMEDIR"
 
# Enter password for new account
if !(passwd $CHROOT_USERNAME);
  then echo "Passwords are probably not the same, try again."
  exit 1;
fi
echo
}
fi
 
# Create /usr/bin/groups in the jail
echo "#!/bin/bash" > usr/bin/groups
echo "id -Gn" >> usr/bin/groups
chmod 755 usr/bin/groups
 
# Add users to etc/passwd
#
# check if file exists (ie we are not called for the first time)
# if yes skip root's entry and do not overwrite the file
if [ ! -f etc/passwd ] ; then
 grep /etc/passwd -e "^root" > ${JAILPATH}/etc/passwd
fi
if [ ! -f etc/group ] ; then
 grep /etc/group -e "^root" > ${JAILPATH}/etc/group
# add the group for all users to etc/group (otherwise there is a nasty error
# message and probably because of that changing directories doesn't work with
# winSCP)
 grep /etc/group -e "^users" >> ${JAILPATH}/etc/group
fi
 
# grep the username which was given to us from /etc/passwd and add it
# to ./etc/passwd replacing the $HOME with the directory as it will then
# appear in the jail
echo "Adding User $CHROOT_USERNAME to jail"
grep -e "^$CHROOT_USERNAME:" /etc/passwd | \
 sed -e "s#$JAILPATH##"      \
     -e "s#$SHELL#/bin/bash#"  >> ${JAILPATH}/etc/passwd
 
# if the system uses one account/one group we write the
# account's group to etc/group
grep -e "^$CHROOT_USERNAME:" /etc/group >> ${JAILPATH}/etc/group
 
# write the user's line from /etc/shadow to /home/jail/etc/shadow
grep -e "^$CHROOT_USERNAME:" /etc/shadow >> ${JAILPATH}/etc/shadow
chmod 600 ${JAILPATH}/etc/shadow
 
# endif for =! update
fi
 
# Copy the apps and the related libs
echo "Copying necessary library-files to jail (may take some time)"
 
# The original code worked fine on RedHat 7.3, but did not on FC3.
# On FC3, when the 'ldd' is done, there is a 'linux-gate.so.1' that
# points to nothing (or a 90xb.....), and it also does not pick up
# some files that start with a '/'. To fix this, I am doing the ldd
# to a file called ldlist, then going back into the file and pulling
# out the libs that start with '/'
#
# Randy K.
#
# The original code worked fine on 2.4 kernel systems. Kernel 2.6
# introduced an internal library called 'linux-gate.so.1'. This
# 'phantom' library caused non-critical errors to display during the
# copy since the file does not actually exist on the file system.
# To fix re-direct output of ldd to a file, parse the file and get
# library files that start with /
#
 
# create temporary files with mktemp, if that doesn't work for some reason use
# the old method with $HOME/ldlist[2] (so I don't have to check the existence
# of the mktemp package / binary at the beginning
#
#TMPFILE1=`mktemp` &> /dev/null ||  TMPFILE1="${HOME}/ldlist"; if [ -x ${TMPFIL$
#TMPFILE2=`mktemp` &> /dev/null ||  TMPFILE2="${HOME}/ldlist2"; if [ -x ${TMPFI$
 
for app in $APPS;  do
    # First of all, check that this application exists
    if [ -x $app ]; then
        # Check that the directory exists; create it if not.
#        app_path=`echo $app | sed -e 's#\(.\+\)/[^/]\+#\1#'`
        app_path=`dirname $app`
        if ! [ -d .$app_path ]; then
            mkdir -p .$app_path
        fi
 
                # If the files in the chroot are on the same file system as the
                # original files you should be able to use hard links instead of
                # copying the files, too. Symbolic links cannot be used, becaus$
                # original files are outside the chroot.
                cp -p $app .$app
 
        # get list of necessary libraries
        ldd $app >> ${TMPFILE1}
    fi
done
 
# Clear out any old temporary file before we start
for libs in `cat ${TMPFILE1}`; do
   frst_char="`echo $libs | cut -c1`"
   if [ "$frst_char" = "/" ]; then
     echo "$libs" >> ${TMPFILE2}
   fi
done
for lib in `cat ${TMPFILE2}`; do
    mkdir -p .`dirname $lib` > /dev/null 2>&1
 
        # If the files in the chroot are on the same file system as the original
        # files you should be able to use hard links instead of copying the fil$
        # too. Symbolic links cannot be used, because the original files are
        # outside the chroot.
    cp $lib .$lib
done
 
#
# Now, cleanup the 2 files we created for the library list
#
#/bin/rm -f ${HOME}/ldlist
#/bin/rm -f ${HOME}/ldlist2
/bin/rm -f ${TMPFILE1}
/bin/rm -f ${TMPFILE2}
 
# Necessary files that are not listed by ldd.
#
# There might be errors because of files that do not exist but in the end it
# may work nevertheless (I added new file names at the end without deleting old
# ones for reasons of backward compatibility).
# So please test ssh/scp before reporting a bug.
if [ "$DISTRO" = SUSE ]; then
  cp /lib/libnss_compat.so.2 /lib/libnss_files.so.2 /lib/libnss_dns.so.2
#/lib/libxcrypt.so.1 ${JAILPATH}/lib/
elif [ "$DISTRO" = FEDORA ]; then
  cp /lib/libnss_compat.so.2 /lib/libnsl.so.1 /lib/libnss_files.so.2 /lib/ld-li$
#/lib/libxcrypt.so.1 ${JAILPATH}/lib/
  cp /lib/*.* ${JAILPATH}/lib/
  cp /usr/lib/libcrack.so.2 ${JAILPATH}/usr/lib/
elif [ "$DISTRO" = REDHAT ]; then
  cp /lib/libnss_compat.so.2 /lib/libnsl.so.1 /lib/libnss_files.so.2 /lib/ld-li$
#/lib/libxcrypt.so.1 ${JAILPATH}/lib/
  # needed for scp on RHEL
  echo "export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/kerberos/lib" >> ${JAILPATH}/etc/profile
elif [ "$DISTRO" = DEBIAN ]; then
  cp /lib/libnss_compat.so.2 /lib/libnsl.so.1 /lib/libnss_files.so.2 /lib/libca$
else
  cp /lib/libnss_compat.so.2 /lib/libnsl.so.1 /lib/libnss_files.so.2 /lib/libca$
fi
 
# if you are using a 64 bit system and have strange problems with login comment
# the following lines in, perhaps it works then (motto: if you can't find the
# needed library just copy all of them)
#
cp /lib/*.* ${JAILPATH}/lib/
cp /lib/lib64/*.* ${JAILPATH}/lib/lib64/
 
# if you are using PAM you need stuff from /etc/pam.d/ in the jail,
echo "Copying files from /etc/pam.d/ to jail"
cp /etc/pam.d/* ${JAILPATH}/etc/pam.d/
 
# ...and of course the PAM-modules...
echo "Copying PAM-Modules to jail"
cp -r /lib/security ${JAILPATH}/lib/
 
# ...and something else useful for PAM
cp -r /etc/security ${JAILPATH}/etc/
cp /etc/login.defs ${JAILPATH}/etc/
 
if [ -f /etc/DIR_COLORS ] ; then
  cp /etc/DIR_COLORS ${JAILPATH}/etc/
fi
 
# Don't give more permissions than necessary
chown root.root ${JAILPATH}/bin/su
chmod 700 ${JAILPATH}/bin/su
 
exit

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Accepted Solution

by:
Kerem ERSOY earned 2000 total points
ID: 24400599
Hi,

Ihave good news !!!!

I had my test Ubuntu linux server I decided to setup the script on it. I did and I've got the exactly same error as you've got.

Later I've tried to run the script this way and it worked !!:

/bin/bash make_chroot_jail.sh deneme

Yeah I did it : )) Just try yourself..

Please dont forget to add:

Match user deneme
  ChrootDirectory /home/jail

to your /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Cheers,
K.


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Author Closing Comment

by:Illyankesh
ID: 31582085
DOOOOOOD   I TOTALLY F-ING LOVE YOU!!!!   a week of beating my head against a wall.  OMG you rock  ahahahahahaaha!!!!
0
 
LVL 30

Expert Comment

by:Kerem ERSOY
ID: 24401112
Thank you thank you :)) I kno ;-) Yr welcome :) you should have seen me when I saw that it's working :) Take care :)
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